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The Yellow Wallpaper: Psychological Approach

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Shahzeen Riaz

on 29 September 2014

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Transcript of The Yellow Wallpaper: Psychological Approach

Psychoanalytical Criticism
Psychoanalytical literary criticism developed alongside the development of psychoanalysis
Drives from theories of Sigmund Freud
Analysis of the Author
Before the 1950s most psychoanalytical criticisms tended to revolve more around the author
Psychoanalytic criticism does not focus on what the author intended, instead on what the author never intended
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
Well known writer and feminist
Nervously depressed after her pregnancy in the late 19Th century
Father abandoned the family
Never felt the true affection of her mother
She sought out treatment from Dr. Silas Weir Mitchell, a physician who believed in the “rest cure” for the treatment of nervous disorders
Comparison between the Author and Protagonist
Similarities between Gilman and the unnamed woman
Trying to show her perspective on her situation in society as a woman facing a mental illness
The Yellow Wallpaper: Psychological Approach
Psychoanalytical Criticism- Valeria Arce
Sigmund Freud
Carl Jung
Analysis of the Author
Analysis of Audience
Analyzing "The Yellow Wallpaper" -Trevor Bryan
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
The Unnamed Female Protagonist
Comparison between the Author and Protagonist
Themes and the Psychological Approach -Shahzeen Riaz
Mental Illness in the Gilded Age
Repression of Individuals
Sigmund Freud
Austrian psychoanalyst
began his work in the 1880s treating behavioral disorders
unconscious conflicts and desires give rise to three areas of the mind; Id, Ego, and Superego
Carl Jung
Swiss psychiatrist
studied under Sigmund Freud
focused on mainly four archetypes
The Self
The Shadow
The Anima or Animus
The Persona
Analysis of Audience
After the 1950s critics changed their viewpoint from the author to the reader and the text

Authors appealed to their readers’ repressed fantasies and wishes

Language and symbolism
The Unnamed Female Protagonist
The narrator is unable to take care of her child, she as fell into some “emotional depression”
John gives the narrator a lager room
She likes her room although the wall paper makes her delusional
As time goes on, all she cares about is the wall paper, finding deeper meanings in it
Women trapped behind the wall paper
The Yellow Wallpaper
Mental Illness in the Gilded Age

Nervous diseases
Stemming from the Greek word for “uterus,” hysteria was immediately presented as a solely feminine ailment.
A treatment that suppresses her creativity and emphasizes her inferiority to men
Repression of Individuals
The Barred Window
The Yellow Wallpaper
The wallpaper represents society
The woman is trapped by society
Tearing the wallpaper is going against society
By going against society the woman is labeled as insane
A window typically represents a desired view, a hope
"I don't like to look out of the windows even - there are so many of those creeping women, and they creep so fast."
The women creep to fit in society
Full transcript