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The Hound of the Baskervilles

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Hafsah Imam

on 22 January 2017

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Transcript of The Hound of the Baskervilles

The Hound of the Baskervilles
Main Characters
Side Characters
Sir Henry Baskerville:
• a small, alert, dark eyed man about thirty years of age,
• Very sturdily built.
• Towards the end of the story Henry is shocked because his late uncle was before his death.

Arthur Conan Doyle
Sherlock Holmes, Dr. Watson, and the hound
Introduction
Plot Summary
Author's Biography
Born on May 22, 1859 in Edinburgh, Scotland
From 1876 to 1885 he studied medicine at the university of Edinburgh. He became a medical officer on a steamship. He later started his own medical practice in Plymouth, England and then in Portsmouth.
In 1885 he married Louisa Hawkins and had two children. She died of Turbeculosis in 1906. In 1907 he married Jean Elizabeth Leckie and had three kids.
In 1887, A Study in Scarlet was published in Beeton's Christmas Annual. This was the first Sherlock Holmes book. Arhtur Conan Doyle became popular and famous.
He quit medicine to become a full time writer.
He was knighted in 1902 for his work in a field hospital in South America during the war.
He was a strong believer and practicer of Spiritualism.
He also wrote historical, mystery, short story, non-fiction, and religious novels and books.
He wrote around 60 Sherlock Holmes stories, most were published in the Strand Magazine.
The five most popular Sherlock stories were: The Sign of Four(1890), A Study in Scarlet(1887), The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes(1892), The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes(1894), and The Hound of the Baskervilles(1901)
In 1928, the final Sherlock story, The Casebook of Sherlock Holmes was published
He grew tired of Sherlock Holmes, so he caused him to die in one of his books. He later brought him back because he needed money.
Arthur Conan Doyle died on July 4, 1930 in Crowborough, England because of a heart attack.
Historical Significance
Figurative Language
Sherlock Holmes:
• Genius detective with sidekick Watson (Dr. Watson)
• One of the best detectives known to man
• Uses logic to predict what his enemy’s next move is going to be
• Needs Watson to find harder clues he cannot find

Dr. Watson:
• Doctor
• Helps Sherlock Holmes on most of his cases
• Boosts Holmes ego when he doubts himself
• Looks up to Holmes as a mentor/teacher and uses his techniques in certain situations to help solve cases

Long ago, in the 1640's, a man named Hugo Baskerville kidnapped a young woman and locked her away (Only to have her escape). Soon after, his friends found his throat being ripped out by a "giant black dog from hell". Apparently, the hound still haunts the Baskervilles to this day. The latest Baskerville, Sir Charles, just died from unknown causes. Doctor Mortimer believes that the hound has something to do with it, but doesn't want Sherlock to investigate. He only wants to know whether or not to tell the newest successor, Sir Henry, about this. Later, at Baskerville Hall, they meet Stapleton, a young man that is the Baskervilles' neighbor and seems to know a lot about the hound. They also meet Barrymore, the Baskervilles' butler. They think he is the murderer, and attempt to fire him with proof, but it turns out that the murderer that escaped was actually his wife's brother and she could not bear to let him starve, so they've been feeding him at night. It isn't long until Sherlock discovers that Stapleton is the murderer and they ambush him after his second attempt at killing Sir Henry, since his first try killed the wrong person. In the end, Stapleton is stuck in the bottom of the bog and Sherlock has solved the case.
Themes
Main Theme
• Logic\Science vs. Supernatural\Superstition
Because of the little facts and evidence of Sir Charles Baskerville’s death, almost everyone is compelled to believe that the hound is a curse on the Baskervilles and can not be stopped. However, Sherlock Holmes uses logic and facts to uncover the science and the truth behind the hound.
Other Themes
Greed, Money, and Power
Stapleton, driven by greed, creates the legend of the hound to kill the Baskervilles in order to inherit the large estate and its wealth.
• Don’t jump to conclusions too quickly
After seeing the footprints of a large hound, Dr. Mortimer assumed that it was the hound from the legend. Furthermore, when Sherlock and Watson heard the hound and saw the body, they thought it was Sir Henry because of his clothes. However, after inspecting the body they found out that it actually Selden wearing Sir Henry’s clothes.


Deception and Lies
Stapleton lied about his identity, he was actually the son of Rodger Baskerville, the younger brother of Sir Charles. He was a criminal and had changed his name in order to hide his true identity. In addition, his ‘sister’ was really his wife.
• Good vs. Evil
Sherlock and Watson stop Stapleton from murdering Sir Henry and they find the truth about Stapleton’s crimes and plans.
• Murder, Death, and Mystery
Many Baskervilles have died because of the hound, said to be a legend. Watson and Sherlock protect Sir Henry and solve the mystery of the hound.

Sir Charles Baskerville:
• The head of Baskerville estate.
• Sir Charles is an irrational man
• Scared of the Baskerville curse.

Sir Hugo Baskerville:
• A Baskerville ancestor.
• Sir Hugo excessively drinks
• Pursued the pleasures of being human until it killed him

Mortimer:
• Family friend of the Baskervilles.
• Doctor of the Baskervilles. He is the executor of Charles’s estate.
• A phrenology enthusiast

Mr. Jack Stapleton:
• Skinny
• Entomologist
• One time schoolmaster
• Reveals temper only at key moments

Miss Stapleton:
• Mr. jack Stapleton’s wife
• Anxious to prevent another death
• Terrified of her husband
• Warns Sir Henry and Watson

The convict/ seldon:
• Murderous villain
• Wishes to flee his persecutors and escape to South America.
• Haggardly appearance

Laura Lyons:
• A local young woman
• Brunette
• Daughter of “Frankland the crank”
• Abandoned by her husband
• Turns to Mr. Stapleton and Charles for help

Mr. Frankland
• Laura’s father
• Likes to sue
• Comedic

Eliza Barrymore
• Housekeeper at Baskerville Hall
• Wife of John Barrymore
• Older sister of Seldon

Mr. John Barrymore
• Butler at Baskerville Hall
• Husband of Eliza Barrymore

The Baskerville family has been haunted by a great hound for generations. When Sir Charles is found mysteriously dead, evidence shows that the hound may have returned. Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson are called in to protect the new heir, Sir Henry. They must discover the truth about the hound before someone else is killed.
Fine Arts
Simile
Watson describes the moor by saying, "Dim and vague in the distance, like some fantastic landscape in a dream." He compares the moor to a fantastic landscape in a dream.
Watson says, "It (Sir Henry's hand) was as cold as a block of marble." Watson felt Sir Henry's hand after he was frightened by the hound's cry.
When Mr Stapleton saw Sir Henry with Miss Stapleton, he got angry. Watson describes him as, "running at us with a face on him like a madman."
Metaphor
Sherlock calls the hound, "Father of evil"
When Sherlock finds new evidence, he says to Watson, "What do you think of this new light?"
After someone steals his shoes again, Sir Henry says, "its the last thing of mine that I'll lose in this den of thieves." He compare the hotel to a den of thieves, because someone stole his shoe twice.
Imagery
When Mr Stapleton saw Sir Henry with Miss Stapleton, Watson says that he (Mr Stapleton) was, "White with rage, and those light eyes of his were blazing with fury."
When Sherlock learns of the mystery, Watson describes him as, "leaned forward in his excitement, and his eyes had the hard, dry, glitter which shot from them when he was keenly interested."
After Sherlock and Watson kill the hound, Watson describes the hound as, "the huge jaws seemed to be dripping with a bluish flame and the small, deep-set cruel eyes were ringed with fire."
Personification
Watson describes Mrs Barrymore's sadness by saying, "Some deep sorrow gnaws ever at her heart."
When Watson and Sir Henry started following Selden, Watson describes the night. He says, "Now and again, the moon peeped out for an instant, but clouds were driving over the face of the sky."

Onomatopoeia
formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named.
Watson describes the fire's sound, by saying, "In the great old-fashioned fireplace behind the high iron dogs, a log-fire crackled and snapped.

Hyperbole
exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
Idiom
phrase or a fixed expression that has a figurative, or sometimes literal, meaning
When Sherlock correctly guessed what Watson was doing without looking at him, Watson remarked, "I believe you have eyes in the back of your head."

Alliteration
occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
Watson describes Selden (when he glanced at him) as, "short, squat, strongly built figure."

Oxymoron
figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction.
Watson describes the moor's "vastness and also its grim charm" Grim and Charm are opposite.
comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind
identifies something as being the same as some unrelated thing
using vivid and descriptive language to paint an image in the reader's mind
human qualities are given to animals, objects or ideas

Arthur Doyle wrote "The Hound of the Baskervilles" while he was returning from the Boer war in South Africa. In 1901 it was published by chapters in The Strand and the next year in 1902 it got fully published by George Newes. He wrote this book eight years after he 'killed off' Sherlock Holmes in his previous books. Most people still read the book because it is one of Doyles' most famous literary works and the book is also about Sherlock Holmes, so many people read the book because it has Sherlock Holmes and that it is also a mystery book. Many movies, films, novels, and books have been made out of Sherlock Holmes. He remains as the most famous detective until today.
The most famous Sherlock Holmes books
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