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Italian Immigration After World War 2

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Sonali S

on 19 June 2013

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Transcript of Italian Immigration After World War 2

Italian Immigration After World War II
By: Sonali Sharma 8A
Italy is a peninsula located in South Eastern Europe. To The north, Italy borders France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia along the Alps.

During World War II, Italy got destroyed and there were no jobs available. They decided to move and Canada was one of the only places that would let them in to their country. In WW2, Italy was with the Germans against the allied ( US, Canada, Britain, France etc). But in 1943, Italians attempted to surrender to Germany but Germany didn't allow that to happen. The Germans finally surrendered on May 2nd, 1945. At the end of the war 300 000 Italian men were killed.

Most people would not trust the Italians because they tried to move from axis (Germany, Japan, Italy etc) to allied.

Facts:
4.6 percent of the population of Canada is Italian.
The Italian Canadian population grew by 12 percent since 2001 till now.
Seven percent of Ontarians are Italian.
300 00 Italian Canadians live in Quebec.
Many Italian Canadians became construction workers.
History Of Italy
Mussolini came to Canada to
power
in 1922 and he changed his country bu starting the fascist party in Italy. Benito was Italy's 40th
Prime Minister
from 1922 until 1943. He affected the world by killing more people than
Hitler
did during the Holocaust. Benito was in alliance with Hitler. The Italians began to form small group but on March 23rd ,1919, Mussolini
assembled
these groups and transformed them into a single one under his leadership. Benito's reign ended when the
Fascist Grand Council
voted to strip Mussolini of his powers. The fascist dictator was
executed
along with his mistress for what they did to their country. He was killed on April 28th, 1945. The rise of the fascism in Italy caused Italy to
declare a war
on Canada (June 5th,1990). The Italians, even some born in Canada became
enemy aliens
(the bad guys).
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini
Jobs In Canada
Young Italian men came to Canada to work in the
resource industry
for a year with a work permit and than become migrants. Italian women came i
ndependently
but came here as maids. Italians had to leave the land that they loved, they were
discriminated
against in those years, they were seen a second class citizens very often, and it was difficult for them to be accepted, physical for them to end up in the
workforce
, to find a home and to find a new social life.
Cataclysmic Conditions
In 1947, Canada removed the Enemy Alien Act. (Immigration restrictions.) After the restriction to immigration were lifted hundreds of thousand of Italians came to Canada. Italians became the fourth largest ethnic group in Canada. In the 1950's, Canada was the main destination of the Italian Immigrants. By the end of the nineteenth century, millions of Italian peasants migrated to South America, the USA, Australia, Western Europe and Canada. The settlers found various places to settle. Toronto was definitely one of the main settling places. Toronto was also known as little Italy. Many Northern Italians came to Canada with their families, often starting businesses in Quebec. A large number of new Italian Immigrants to Canada settled in townships of Quebec and Ontario, where earlier in the century the British Government had granted lots to Italian Soldiers for their services in the War of 1812. The Niagara region was significant for farmers who had the fruit orchards in the St.Catherine's.
Settling In Canada
Issues Occurring During Migration.
There were many
issues
that occurred when the Italians immigrated. The Italians didn't speak the
language
(English). When the Italians created their own neighborhoods to live in, they were
accused
of not trying to assimilate into the nation. Some Italians were living in
poverty
which is why they emigrated from Italy to Canada. The Italians had to move
because there were
no more jobs
left in Italy after World War II.
The Italians worked on the
railway, road construction,
mines and factories.
Italian craftsmen and merchants took sailing ships to Canada to look for business opportunities. Canada needed to employ workers for the
labor shortage.
Italy wasn't in a good state either. The Italians were
illiterate
and
unskilled
but Canada was offering to hire them. Italy had an opportunity to become a leading supplier of labor. In the 1950's, Canada was the main destination of the Italian immigrants; it was considered a land of opportunities. The Italians helped to build the
Canadian Pacific Railway.
Educational Issues
Mostly men and boys
migrated
to earn money for their families. Most Italians knew very little English so they usually took
low paying jobs.
Canada
offered
many jobs, such as, domestic service, fishing and water work, kitchen cleaning help, street working etc. but a lot of them were
railway construction.
They took low paying jobs, this was because they wanted jobs they could get easily and quickly. They were not usually
educated
and they did not have
skills
for complex jobs.
Some immigrants were from very
poor
farming families, others had
no prospects
for the future. All the Italians coming after the war-particularly in the late '50's to the mid-60's-they were
coming from a war
that had them
suffering
economically, particularly in the late '40's into the 1950's. There were some immigrants who came from the
industrial workforce
in Italy, but the vast majority of them came from farms. They were either
small land holders,
landless laborer or share croppers.
No Prospects For The Future

Push Factors

After 1880, during the height of
Italian immigration
to Canada, the majority of Italians came from the
Southern region
of Italy, Mezzogiorno or Sicily, which were
very poor.
70 percent of Southern Italians were illiterate. Factors that pushed these
hardworking
peasants to leave their homes included poor crop yields from
diseases
and insect infections,
oppressive taxes,
generalized poverty and overpopulation. Some
crops
affected include grapes, olives, orange and lemons. In addition, two volcano eruptions and a major
earthquake
rocked southern Italy in the early 20th century.
Pull Factors
Canada provided
employment
opportunities to Italian immigrants. As a politically-stable democratic nation with no initial
restrictions
on immigration, Canada seemed an attractive option for
poverty-stricken
Italian farmers. The growing industrial centers provided employment for these
largely uneducated
immigrants seeking to improve their
circumstances.
Italian immigrants working on CPR
Why Italians are significant to our country today
The Italian immigrants
helped
build the CPR and they also helped with the farming. They brought their
Italian platter.

Pizza
~In Canada, pizza originated as a quick, on the way sandwich job. The
working Italians
came up with a sandwich using only one piece of bread, cheese and tomatoes that could be cooked and eaten
warm or cold
.

Pasta
~Italians are also
famous
for pasta-made from flour and eggs, pasta has extreme variety due to it's
shapes and sauces.
M
u
s
i
c
Opera
was brought to Canada by Italians.
Italian musicians
have inspired many people from all over the world. Today's
Stars
from Italian descent are, Madonna, Leonardo Dicaprio, Lady Gaga,
Ariana Grande,
Nikki Reed, Demi Lovato, Bella Thorne,
Mitchel Musso,

Selena Gomez,
and Elizebeth Gillies.
Ariana Grande and Liz Gillies
Demi Lovato and Selena Gomez
Thank you for watching
By: Sonali Sharma :)
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"Italian Immigrants Working on Railroads." ITALYEST. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2013. <http://italyest.com/post/24390235032/italian-immigrants-working-on-railroads-in>.

"WBC Exclusive: Q & A with Italy’s Ace John Mariotti." Mlbblogger. N.p., 19 June 2012. Web. 26 May 2013. <http://mlbforlife.com/2013/03/06/wbc-exclusive-q-a-with-italys-ace-john-mariotti/>.

Taylor & Alicia (Liz Gillies & Ariana Grande)." Polyvore. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2013. <http://www.polyvore.com/taylor_alicia_liz_gillies_ariana/thing?id=35729783>.

"Selena Gomez & Demi Lovato." Last.fm. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2013. <http://www.last.fm/music/Selena Gomez>.
Bibliography
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