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USI.6: Give me Liberty, or give me Death
Transcript of USI.6: Give me Liberty, or give me Death
Sources of Colonial Dissatisfaction
America: The Revolutionary Years
From 1754-1763, Great Britain and American Colonists fought the French and Native Americans in the "French and Indian War"
AKA: The Seven Years War (If you're French)
This war was fought over resources and land in North America. But the conflict between France and England spread across Europe, Asia, Africa, and South America!
Fighting wars isn't cheap!
Great Britain had many reasons for wanting to control the colonies
Great Britain desired to remain a WORLD POWER
The demand for land and resources in North America lead to CONFLICT!
The cost of the war itself, and the cost of British troops to protect Colonists afterward lead the British Parliament to two things.....
Limit Colonists Movements!
The Proclamation of 1763:
Colonists are not allowed to settle further west than the Appalachian Mountains!
This was meant to keep the peace with Native Americans
For example: The Stamp Act
Okay, so what??
Well, Colonists were mad!
They had NO REPRESENTATION in Parliament
Colonists didn't like Colonial Governors
Great Britain wanted strict control
over colonial legislatures
They didn't like British taxes
And they didn't like being told they couldn't go west!
A Few Key People
King George III
The Boston Massacre
The Boston Tea Party
First Continental Congress
The Battles of
Lexington and Concord
The Declaration of
Battle of Saratoga
Surrender at Yorktown
The Treaty of Paris
British king during the Revolutionary era
British general who surrendered at Yorktown
Major author of the Declaration of Independence
Outspoken member of the House of Burgesses; inspired colonial patriotism with his “Give me liberty or give me death” speech
Enslaved African American who wrote poems and plays supporting American independence and who eventually gained her freedom
Prominent member of the Continental Congress; helped frame the Declaration of Independence; helped gain French support for American independence
Massachusetts Lawyers who Championed the cause of independence
Patriot who made a daring ride to warn colonists of British arrival
Commander of the Continental Army
Colonists in Boston were shot after taunting British soldiers.
Samuel Adams and Paul Revere led patriots in throwing tea into Boston Harbor to protest tea taxes.
Delegates from all colonies except Georgia met to discuss problems with Great Britain and to promote independence.
The first armed conflicts of the Revolutionary War
The colonies declared independence from Great Britain (July 4, 1776).
This American victory was the turning point in the war.
This was the colonial victory over forces of Lord Cornwallis that marked the end of the Revolutionary War.
Great Britain recognized American independence in this treaty.
Key Philosophies of the Declaration of Independence
People have “certain unalienable rights” (rights that cannot be taken away)—to life, liberty, the pursuit of happiness.
People establish government to protect those rights.
Government derives power from the people.
People have a right and a duty to change a government that violates their rights.
This is their story...
The Sugar Act
The Stamp Act
The Townshend Acts
The Period from 1764-1770
There were many other such acts, not all taxes.
Some required public places to allow British troops to be quartered there.
Some limited the amount and types of currency the colonies could produce.
All such acts were seen by many (not all, but many) colonists as meddling by the British into the lives and governance of the Colonies.
The Intolerable Acts
The Tea Act
Was not a tax...
but it was supposed to flood the colonies with extra tea from the East India Company
it was to be sold really cheap but with the Townshend taxes collected on it
The tea was also sold directly by British agents, which hurt local merchants
Certain Colonists were pretty upset.....
The Legacy of the Declaration of Independence
The Declaration increased POLITICAL, SOCIAL, and Economic participation
But not right away.
Political Participation (EQUALITY)
Extended the FRANCHISE (vote)
Upheld DUE PROCESS
Providing Free Public Education
Social Participation (LIBERTY)
Extending Civil Rights to women
and other groups
Economic Participation (PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS)
Regulating Free Enterprise
Promoting Economic Opportunity
Protecting Property Rights