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US History Review

Beginnings Through Civil War
by

K Geralds

on 15 September 2016

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Transcript of US History Review

What were Native Americans like?
US History
REVIEW
1st US Gov't: Articles of Confederation
What Caused the American Revolution?
How did the 1st humans reach America?
Match the Country to its Colonization
CHAPTER 1: The Nation's Beginnings
Thousands of years ago
asians crossed a frozen bridge
connecting Russia to Alaska
called Beringia
How did they live? dress? eat? etc.
List 6 things
Over 500 different indian nations
100s of languages
Lived in teepees, long houses, pueblos
All very different tribes
Traded fur
small population,
cooperated with Indians
Gold
Conquered
Religious Freedom
Tobacco
A. England
B. France
C. Spain
What do you See - Think - Wonder
Match the Country to its Colonization
Traded fur
small population,
cooperated with Indians
Gold
Conquered
Religious Freedom
Tobacco
A. England
B. France
C. Spain
Unfair Taxation
no representation in government
Mercantilism
King and Government
Control business/trade
King a Tyrant = abused power
Kept Gov't Weak
Federalists wanted stronger gov't:
Tax more
Build a big army
Control $$$ w/Banks
Beginnings through Civil War
Big Government
Small Government
More Taxes, More War, More Freedom, Less Control, Less Corruption, Less Rights
Constitution: How to Handle
Representation (match the plans)
Virginia Plan
New Jersey Plan
Great Compromise
Virginia Plan
States with more people get more votes
Helps big states
New Jersey Plan
Every state has 1 vote
Helps small states
Great Compromise
House of Representatives - States with more people have more representatives
Senate - Each state has two votes
Constitution: How to Handle
Representation
What is the Bill of Rights?
A. List of things the gov't cannot do
B. Where our rights come from
C. A list of freedoms
D. The Declaration of Independence
A. Things Gov't Can't Do
The Government Cannot:
Tell you what religion to believe
Choose a religion for the country
Throw you in jail for talking politics
Throw journalists in jail for talking politics
Disarm the population
Search people and property w/o warrant
Torture
Have trials without juries
etc.

Freedom of religion, speech, bear arms
fair & speedy trial, assembly, press...
Louisiana Purchase
What do you See - Think - Wonder?
1803 Pres. Jefferson purchases land
from France - doubled size of USA
Lewis and Clark Explore
North or South
Farming
Slaves
Plantations
Industry
Factories
Ports
Which is which?
Monroe Doctrine
What do you See - Think - Wonder?
Monroe Doctrine: US declared Europeans can
no longer colonize the Americas
CHAPTER 2: Manifest Destiny & Civil War
Fight over Tariffs
ELECTION OF 1860
New States: Slave or Free?
What did Andrew Jackson Do?
Dred Scott Case
Life after Slavery:
Sharecroppers
Ku Klux Klan
Post War Amendments
Gave landless white
men the right to vote
Trail of Tears - Kicked
Indians out of the South
Ended Banker control
of America
Europe made goods cheaper
US Industry could not compete
Tariffs (tax on imports) made European good more expensive - helping US industry
Why Fight?
North - High Tariffs helped protect
industry from Europe
South - High tariffs made goods more
expensive
South was paying a tax that helped
north but hurt the south
Mexican-American War
See
Think
Wonder
Mexico lost 1/3 of its land
For every new free state a new slave state entered the country
Kept senate votes equal slave/free
Why?
Too many free states = high tariffs
Too many slave states = low tariffs
Some in north wanted to ...
end slavery = dead southern economy
15-15
13-13
8-8
= Free State
= Slave State
Lincoln wants to end expansion
of slavery in new states
Wins 1860 Election
Southern States leave the Union
CIVIL WAR ADVANTAGES
North
South
A) More People D) More telegraph
B) Defensive War E) Better Generals
C) More Railroads F) More Resources
Sued for Freedom when Owner Died
Supreme Court Ruled: can't sue
African Americans are not citizens
VS
Many slaves stayed on plantations
working for former masters
Falling into major debt
How has life changed
For these former slaves?
What do these two groups have in Common?
Al Qaeda
Beliefs
Use terrorism to reach goals
See people in groups not as individuals
Use religion to justify hate
Murder

13th

14th

15th
Match
Frees all Slaves
Former Slaves can vote
African Americans
are citizens
Post War Amendments
13th

14th

15th
Match
Frees all Slaves
Former Slaves can vote
African Americans
are citizens
CIVIL WAR ADVANTAGES
North
South
A) More People
C) More Railroads
D) More telegraph
F) More Resources
B) Defensive War
E) Better Generals
Full transcript