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Transcript of COLONIZATIONS
(1.500-400 b.C.) Nazca
(100 b.C.- 800 a.C.) Maya
(2.000 b.C.-1.540 a.C.) Inca
(1.438-1.533 a.C.) Aztec
(1325 b.C.– 1521 a.C.) Australian Aborigines
(First human being-Today) Maori
(800 a.C.- Today) Mongolian
(1.206- 1.368 a.C.) China
(4.000 b.C.-Today) Persian
(558 b.C.- 330 a.C.) Phoenician
(300-64 b.C.) Egypt
(6.000-30 b.C.) Minoan
(27th- 15th century b.C.) Etruscan
(768-264 b.C.) Greek
(1.100-146 b.C.) Phoenician
(1.600-64 b.C.) Roman
(750 b.C.-476 a.C.) Phoenician
(1.100-64 b.C.) Persian
(499 b.C.-476 a.C.) Mesopotamia
(6.000-1.600 b.C.) Sumerian
(3.200-2.000 b.C.) Roman
(146-112 b.C.) Persian
(559-330 b.C.) Easter Island
(1.200-1.722 a.C.) Roman
(129-1.453 a.C.) Kanak
(1.600 b.C.- Today) Egyptian
(6.000-30 b.C.) Sumerian
(3.200-2.000 b.C.) Phoenician
(1.600-64 b.C.) Persian
(559-330 b.C.) Roman
(146-112 b.C.) Australian Aborigines
(First human being-Today) Maori
(800 a.C.- Today) Kanak
(1.600 b.C.- Today) Easter Island
(1.200-1.722 a.C.) Maya
(2.000 b.C.-1.540 a.C.) Inca
(1.438-1.533 a.C.) Olmec
(1.500-400 b.C.) Nazca
(100 b.C.- 800 a.C.) Aztec
(1325 b.C.– 1521 a.C.) Minoan
century b.C.) Phoenician
(1.100-64 b.C.) Greek
(1.100-146 b.C.) Persian
(499 b.C.-476 a.C.) Etruscan
(768-264 b.C.) Roman
(750 b.C.-476 a.C.) Mesopotamia
(6.000-1.600 b.C.) China
(4.000 b.C.-Today) Persian
(558 b.C.- 330 a.C.) Phoenician
(300-64 b.C.) Roman
(129-1.453 a.C.) Mongolian
(1.206- 1.368 a.C.) His art, which has reached today is clearly an art rock, rich and complex.
Their religion is based on earth, linking each group to a totem, which is usually one of the features of the landscape they inhabit.
Each community had and still has its own major features, but there are common traits and legends for all of them. Aborigines have lived in Australia for at least 40,000 years. CIVILIZATIONS OF OCEANIA AMERICAN CIVILIZATIONS EUROPEAN CIVILIZATIONS AFRICAN CIVILIZATIONS ASIAN CIVILIZATIONS Most of these tribes were nomadic and were organized around the collection, hunting or fishing. They are an ethnic Polynesians who came to the islands of New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean, possibly northernmost islands as Rarotonga or Tongatapu. The Maori word meaning "common, standard" in the Maori language.
The moko is the traditional facial tattoo which was distinguished Maori and marked the clan to which he belonged.
They used to practice cannibalism. The origin of Kanak people is unclear.
Kanak (formerly also Canaque) are the indigenous Melanesian inhabitants of New Caledonia.
The worship was embodied in the sepulcher, sacred stones, and devotional hearths where they offered sacrifices.
According to the traditional beliefs of the Kanak people, the sea is sacred as it provides them with "fish for food".
Wood sculpture represents the spirit of Kanak culture.
Dance is performed in the form of a message or a legend, often related to their daily activities or important events.
Easter Island is a Polynesian island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, at the southeasternmost point of the Polynesian Triangle.
Easter Island is famous for its 887 extant monumental statues, called moai, created by the early Rapanui people.
It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, with much of the island protected within Rapa Nui National Park. THE END The Maya is a Mesoamerican civilization, noted for the only known fully developed written language of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as for its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems. The Maya writing system was a combination of phonetic symbols and logograms.
Maya influence can be detected from Honduras, Belize, Guatemala, and western El Salvador to as far away as central Mexico,
Their charts of the movements of the moon and planets were used to predict eclipses and other celestial events. The Inca Empire (Tawantinsuyu in Quechua) was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America.
The administrative, political and military empire was located in Cusco in Peru today.
The official language of the empire was Quechua.
There were many local forms of worship, but the Inca leadership encouraged the worship of Inti, the sun god, and imposed its sovereignty above other.
Architecture was by far the most important of the Inca arts, with textiles reflecting motifs that were at their height in architecture.
The Olmecs lived in the tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico, in the modern-day states of Veracruz and Tabasco.
Pre-Olmec cultures had flourished in the area since about 2500 BCE, but by 1600–1500 BCE early Olmec culture had emerged centered around the San Lorenzo Tenochtitlán.
They were the first Mesoamerican civilization and laid many of the foundations for the civilizations that followed.
The Olmec appeared to practice ritual bloodletting and played the Mesoamerican ballgame, hallmarks of nearly all subsequent Mesoamerican societies.
The Nazca culture was the archaeological culture that flourished beside the dry Having been heavily influenced by the preceding Paracas culture, which was known for extremely complex textiles.
The Nazca produced an array of beautiful crafts and technologies such as ceramics, textiles, and geoglyphs (most commonly known as the Nazca lines).
They also built an impressive system of underground aqueducts, known as puquios, that still function today.
The Nazca Province in the Ica Region was named for this people. southern coast of Peru in the river valleys of the Rio Grande de Nazca and the Ica Valley. At its pinnacle, Aztec culture had rich and complex mythological and religious traditions, as well as reaching remarkable architectural and artistic accomplishments.
The pre-conquest Aztecs were a society that had four main methods of agriculture.
For the reconsecration of the Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs reported that they sacrificed 84,400 prisoners over the course of four days. The Aztec people were certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the 14th to 16th centuries. Ancient Egypt was an ancient civilization of Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern country of Egypt.
The success of ancient Egyptian civilization came partly from its ability to adapt to the conditions of the Nile River Valley. The predictable flooding and controlled irrigation of the fertile valley produced surplus crops, which fueled social development and culture. The Phoenicians inhabited the region in the North West of Palestine.
They were excellent sailors which allowed them to develop maritime trade.
The Phoenicians set out from the Red Sea and were bordering Africa and founded several cities on the coast. Sumer was an ancient civilization and historical region in southern Mesopotamia, modern Iraq, during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age.
Sumerians were the first civilization, draining the marshes for agriculture, developing trade, and establishing industries, including weaving, leatherwork, metalwork, masonry, and pottery. The Persian empire was extended over the actual territories of Iran, Iraq, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Egypt.
The great achievements made him the largest empire in extent before. Their existence in 330 b.C. concluded when the last of the Achaemenid kings, Darius III was defeated by Alexander the Great. The Roman Africa stretching from east to west, from the Gulf of Gabes to the Atlantic coasts of present Morocco.
It was founded, according to sources, after the defeat of Carthage in the middle of the second century.
African territory underwent several changes during different times due to the political changes of the governments of the Julio-Claudian, Flavian, Antonine and Severan.
Although initially, in the first years of its existence, Roman Africa was not a major area for Rome, with the passage of time became his main tax territory.
The Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age civilization that arose on the island of Crete.
However it was not until 5000 BC that the first signs of advanced agriculture appeared, marking the beginning of the civilization.
The civilization flourished as a maritime power.
It was rediscovered at the beginning of the 20th century through the work of the British archaeologist Arthur Evans. Will Durant referred to it as "the first link in the European chain."
Classical Greek culture, especially philosophy, had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire, which carried a version of it to many parts of the Mediterranean region and Europe, for which reason Classical Greece is generally considered to be the seminal culture which provided the foundation of modern Western culture.
Classical Antiquity in Greece is preceded by the Greek Dark Ages, archaeologically characterised by the protogeometric and geometric style of designs on pottery.
At its economic height, in the 5th and 4th centuries BC, ancient Greece was the most advanced economy in the world. Etruscan civilization is the modern English name given to a civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria, and northern Latium.
As distinguished by its unique language, this civilization endured from the time of the earliest Etruscan inscriptions until its assimilation into the Roman Republic in the 1st century b.C.
The Architecture of the ancient Etruscans adapted the external Greek architecture for their own purposes, which were so different from Greek buildings as to create a new architectural style.
The ancient Chinese civilization – one of the world's earliest – flourished in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, known as dynasties, beginning with the semi-mythological Xia of the Yellow River basin.
Since ancient times, Chinese culture has been heavily influenced by Confucianism and conservative philosophies.
The Chinese were the first to make and use paper.
China´s biggest monument is the Great wall. Mesopotamia is a name for the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, corresponding to modern-day Iraq, the northeastern section of Syria and to a lesser extent southeastern Turkey and smaller parts of southwestern Iran.
Widely considered to be the cradle of civilization in the West, Bronze Age Mesopotamia included Sumer, Akkadian, Babylonian, and Assyrian empires.
Mesopotamian mathematics and science was based on a sexagesimal (base 60) numeral system.
The Sumerian calendar was based on the seven-day week. This form of mathematics was instrumental in early map-making.
Mesopotamian astronomers worked out a 12-month calendar based on the cycles of the moon. They divided the year into two seasons: summer and winter.
Mesopotamian people invented many technologies including metal and copper-working, glass and lamp making, textile weaving, flood control, water storage, and irrigation. Phoenician mariners sailed to Mediterranean and southwestern European ports.
The Phoenicians were the great merchants of ancient times. They sold rich treasures from many lands.
They also became skilled in making wares specially metalwork, glass, and cloth. They wanted to expanded its territory so they were involved in many wars.
The personal army (10,000 men) consisted of soldiers trained for battle called the "Immortals".
The Persian religion came from the preaching of the prophet Zarathustra.
The Persian empire was extended over the actual territories of Iran, Iraq, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Egypt. The Roman province of Asia in Byzantine times called Phrygia, was an administrative unit added to the late Republic.
It was a Senatorial province governed by a proconsul.
The arrangement was unchanged in the reorganization of the Roman Empire in 211. The Mongol Empire existed during the 13th and 14th centuries, and was the largest empire of contiguous land in human history. From the steppes of Central Asia, eventually stretched from Eastern Europe to the Sea of Japan, which covers much of Siberia in the north and extends southward into Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, the Iranian plateau and the Middle East.
It covered an area of 24 million square Km and influenced a population of 100 million. This civilization developed between X and V centuries at which time establishing colonies throughout North Africa and southern Europe.
This civilization was organiced in city states.
This civilization highlighted the great ports that allowed its expansion. The Persian civilization expanded its territory to Europe, giving rise to a series of wars against the Greeks, the Medical wars.
They lost all its conquers while they were trying to expand its territory in Europe.
Dario was the first Persian king, who fought against the Athenians. Ancient Rome was a thriving civilization that began growing on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century b.C.
Located along the Mediterranean Sea and centered on the city of Rome, it expanded to become one of the largest empires in the ancient world.
Much of what is known about this civilization is derived from grave goods and tomb findings.