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Transcript of Apartheid
A. Many of the old leaders were sent to jail on his orders.
B. He turned the leaders over to the United Nations for punishment.
C. He tried to have all the old government officials exiled to other countries.
D. He felt the different races needed to try to work together in the new government. 210. What percent of the population of South Africa was black when that country achieved independence?
A. 20 percent B. 40 percent
C. 50 percent D. 70 percent
211. What was the name of Nelson Mandela's political party?
A. Zulu Nation
B. African Union
C. African National Congress
D. Kenyan National Unity Party
212. What decision did South African President F.W. de Klerk eventually make about the country's apartheid laws?
A. He added many new and even harsher laws.
B. He began to recommend that the laws be repealed.
C. He lifted segregation restrictions on those living in South African cities.
D. He worked to spread apartheid laws to nations neighboring South Africa. Apartheid means the legal separation of the races.
Began in 1948.
classified citizens as either black, colored, Asian, or white.
Blacks were allowed to own only a very little land, even though they made up over 70 percent of the population. Apartheid Essential Question
In 1990, South African President F. W. de Klerk agreed to allow the African National Congress to operate as a legal party.
Nelson Mandela was released from prison after serving 27 years in prison.
De Klerk also began to repeal the apartheid laws.
In 1994, South Africa had its first elections that were open to all races.
The African National Congress won the most delegates to the new government and Nelson Mandela was chosen as South Africa's first black president.
One of Mandela’s goals was to get the races in South Africa to work together and try to overcome the hatred that had grown during the apartheid years. Ending Apartheid Leader of the African National Congress.
Led protests against apartheid.
In 1963, Mandela was arrested and charged with sabotage and conspiracy.
Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life in prison for his work against the regime. Nelson Mandela two groups were working to end Apartheid:
the African National Congress.
and the Pan African Congress.
Many countries around the world were critical of South Africa.
Countries refused to trade with South Africa.
The United Nations placed an embargo on South Africa.
Riots and fighting took place constantly. Fighting Against Apartheid public facilities were segregated, including schools, libraries, movie theaters, restaurants, and even beaches.
People were not allowed to marry anyone who was of a different race. Life during Apartheid F.W. de Klerk
Pan African Congress
African National Congress Important People/Facts c. Explain the creation and end of apartheid in South Africa and the roles of Nelson Mandela and F. VV. de Klerk SS7111 The student will analyze continuity and change in Africa leading to the 21st century. What is the apartheid system?