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Copy of The Impacts of Climate Change on Tourism in the Maldives 2

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Alexandrea Kerr

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Transcript of Copy of The Impacts of Climate Change on Tourism in the Maldives 2

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli What is Climate Change? Introduction Definition Natural forces
&
Human activities

Greenhouse effect

Global warming Natural Forces Human Activities The Greenhouse
Effect Global Warming In Short... The Impacts of Climate Change on Tourism in the Maldives INTB3606: International Tourism: Development and Impact Farah Samsudin (N0295640)
Rosie Sheppard (N0261379)
Flora Muro (T2234705) Learning Objectives 1. To understand what is climate change and its significance in tourism. Looking in particular at the Maldives.

2. To understand the importance of the stakeholders in addressing the issue of climate change within tourism through adaptation and mitigation.

3. To learn about the relationship between aviation, tourism and greenhouse gas emissions Structure of Presentation 1. Introduction: What is Climate Change?

2. Tourism in the Maldives

3. Key Tourists in the Maldives

4. The Impacts of Climate Change on Tourism in
the Maldives: Current & Future State

5. How do private & public stakeholders in the
Maldives address the climate change issue?

6. Relationship between Aviation - Tourism -
Greenhouse Gas Emissions

7. Conclusion & Pop Quiz Further effects of climate change/global warming Welcome to the Maldives! Location Facts & Figures Why go to Maldives? Comparison to Seychelles, Mauritius & Phuket Key Tourists Butler's Life Cycle CO2 Concentration GHG Concentration Tourist Arrivals Leiper's Tourists Top Nationality Purpose of Visit Reasons for Choosing the Maldives Plog's Tourist Categories Let's Play A Game! Growth of Resort Islands, Beds and Tourists Arrivals 1972-2000 Tourist Arrivals 2000-2010 Tourist arrivals to the Maldives from January to September 2011 increased by 17 percent compared to the period of 2010. Accommodation & Services Offered to Tourists Impacts of Climate Change in the Maldives: Current State Who is Who? Psychocentric, Mid-Centric, Allocentric? The International Climate Change Regime United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Kyoto Protocol Popular Airlines Peak season: January to March. Sea level rise Rise in atmosphere & water temperature Coral
bleaching How the Public & Private Stakeholders
Address the Issue of Climate Change in the Maldives Accommodation 3 - 5 Star Hotels Price Range: From £1100,
based on 7 night stay Packages Available:
All-inclusive, Half board, Bed & Breakfast Extra nights price range
from £81 - £777 Services Especially catered to: Honeymooners Old couples Families Promotes "Escapism" Activities Diving and Snorkeling Spa Treatments Water Sports Maldivian cultural shows Local Island Visits Finest world cuisine Tourists, the Government, Local Businesses, Local Community, Employees, Multinationals, Foreign Bodies Adaptation Mitigation Land Based Sports Loves new experiences
Confident & adventurous
Loves meeting new people Shy & unadventurous
Safety & Security Receptive to new experiences
No self effort to go to strange places Dengue How to adapt? Migration The Maldives Government

FUND WHY?: Rise in sea levels results to infiltrating drinking water & flood the homes 14 islands already abandoned Bangladesh How do other developing countries adapt? Planning Healthcare
Education
Change of lifestyle How do the stakeholders in the Maldives adapt? Local Business & Local People: Fisheries 1. Exploit new species and promote poultry farming as alternative sources of protein to reduce over dependency on tuna. 2. Improve fish finding and fish harvesting. 3. Undertake research and disseminate information on fisheries and climate change: MIFCO The Government, Tourists, Employees, Local People:
Land, Beach & Human Settlement 2. Developing the infrastructure with appropriate materials 1. Building capacity for coastal zone management Tourists & The Government: Tourism 1. Coastal protection and coastal zone management to protect tourist infrastructure. 2. Diversify the tourist product to reduce over-dependency on marine environment. 3. Voluntary tax THE GOVERNMENT Government issues: 160 islands - 60-70% of projects did not move History of the Government:
bad governing issues MULTINATIONALS Hotels The Banyan Trees & Angsana: Green Fund In the next 5 Years: To implement a Marine Reserve Electricity needs 60% covered with solar power and combination of bio-fuels & other clean technologies & some conventional energy For the sake of our children, our future generations, we must protect and nuture the earth. To do that we must use the best of science and technology but remain grounded in the collective wisdom of our people, both ancient and modern. Development policy must address the need for economic development. It is my hope that world governments will seize the moment to create a new paradigm for sustainable development.

(President Waheed 2012) Carbon Neutral 2020 What is currently being done Relationship between
Aviation - Tourism - GHG Emission Conclusion References [1] Climate Change & Future Tourism
in the Maldives The Taj Exotica Hotel reducing the amount of energy it uses Learning Outcomes Let's conclude this presentation with a POP QUIZ. Tick the box if you achieved an understanding in that area: I understand what is climate change and its significance in tourism.

I find out more about tourism in Maldives in terms of its facts, offerings to tourists and key tourists that visit the Maldives.

I learn how to apply theories on the subject eg Butler's & Leiper's

I learn about the impacts of climate change on tourism at Maldives.

I understand the importance of the stakeholders in addressing the issue of climate change within tourism through adaptation and mitigation.

I understand the relationship between aviation, tourism and GHG emissions Can you list down some of the effects? Tourism: 5% of global emission
Aviation: 2% of tourism's global emission UNWTO stresses a global approach on this matter.
Statement Regarding Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Air Passenger Transport Climate Refugee The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) has been delegated by the Kyoto Protocol to be the principal body for dealing with international aviation emission The Maldives proposed to impose a levy on all international flights Carbon Intensity of Passenger Transport CO2 Emission by Plane Models Types of emission from aviation 3. "Sand Pumping" Brown, K., Turner, R. K., Hameed, H., Bateman, I. (1995). Tourism and sustainability in environmentally fragile areas: Case studies from the Maldives and Nepal. [pdf] Available at: http://www.cserge.ac.uk/sites/default/files/gec_1995_30.pdf [Accessed 29 November 2012].

CDE Consulting (2012). Maldives Visitor Survey 2011 Report. Malé, Republic of Maldives: Ministry of Tourism Arts & Culture.

Daily Mail Reporter (2012). The amazing video that shows the earth’s temperature rising from 1880 to the present day – all in 26 seconds. Mail Online, [online] 14 September. Available at: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2203406/The-amazing-video-shows-earths-temperature-changing-1880-present-day--26-seconds.html [Accessed 5 December 2012].

Dogwoof (2012). The Island President trailer – on DVD and VOD. [video online] Available at: www.youtube.com/watch?v=ryhr_T7cRnY [Accessed 1 December 2012].

Domroes, M. (2001). Conceptualising state-controlled resort islands for an environment-friendly development of tourism: The Maldivian experience. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 22(2), 122-137.

E-TurboNews (2010). UNWTO advocates a global approach on tourism, aviation and climate change. [online] Available at: http://www.eturbonews.com/18708/unwto-advocates-global-approach-tourism-aviation-and-climate-cha. [Accessed 5 December 2012].

European Environment Agency (2012). Atmospheric greenhouse gas concentration (CSI 013) – Assessment published Jan 2012. [online] Available at: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/atmospheric-greenhouse-gas-concentrations-2/assessment [Accessed 1 December 2012].Gössling, S., Schumacher, K. P. (2010), Implementing carbon neutral destination policies: issues from the Seychelles. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 18(3), 377-391.

Gössling, S., Schumacher, K. P. (2010), Implementing carbon neutral destination policies: issues from the Seychelles. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 18(3), 377-391. References [2] Gössling, S., Peeters, P. (2007). It Does Not Harm the Environment! An analysis of industry discourses on tourism, air travel and the environment. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 15(4), 402-417.

Hewett, C., Foley, J. (2000). Plane trading: Policies for reducing the climate change effects of international aviation. Insitute for Public Policy Research.

Ministry of Tourism Arts & Culture (2010). Tourism yearbook 2010. [pdf] Available at: http://www.tourism.gov.mv/pubs/yearbook_2011.pdf [Accessed 29 November 2012].

Ross, D. (2009). GHG emissions resulting from aircraft travel. Carbon Planet Limited.

STA Travel (2012). Bridge The World Magazine. London: Thomas Cook.

Stoneybryans (2009). Paradise lost: Sea level rise and the Maldives. [video online] Available at: www.youtube.com/watch?v=926eBbeEb7w [Accessed 1 December 2012].

Viner, D., Agnew, M. (1999). Climate change and its impacts on tourism. Climatic Research Unit, University of East Anglia.

Viner, D., Agnew, M. (2000). Climate change and tourism. [pdf] Available at: http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/cru/posters/2000-11-DV-tourism.pdf [Accessed 20 November 2012].

Wall, M. C. (2006). Tourism and global environmental change in tourism futures: Emerging agendas and issues in Mobility. Prentice Hall.

World Resource Institute (2009). World Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 2005. [online] Available at: http://www.wri.org/chart/world-greenhouse-gas-emissions-2005 [Accessed 30 November 2012]. 4. Visa restrictions
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