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Manifest Destiny

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by

Claudia Kim

on 10 December 2013

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Transcript of Manifest Destiny

BIG IDEA
United States settlers expanded westward with the idea that they are superior to others thus they must assimilate every habitant and settle to the Pacific Ocean.
MANIFEST DESTINY
(1841-1854)
Claudia Kim, Jessica Arevalo
Ryan Hadnot, Kendall Johnson
Period 4

THE INSTIGATOR

Louisiana Purchase
(1803)
France regained the territory from Spain during the 1800s
Napoleon financed his conquests through the selling of the Louisiana Territory and New Orleans to the United States
The United States purchased the western territory,
Louisiana Purchase
, for $15 million with Congress' IMMENSE approval, doubling the size of land.
AMERICA PREVENTS ANYONE ELSE FROM TAKING "THEIR" LAND
-European Countries grew interest in American western territory during a time of Imperialism.
-Russia tried to expand to the west through their declaration of ownership of Alaska and Oregon Territory (1821)
-President Monroe declared that the western hemisphere, American Western Territory, is not to be colonized through opposing interference from outside powers known as the
Monroe Doctrine of 1823
.
RELIGIOUS REVIVAL

-Church Leaders sensed that the growth of Scientific Knowledge and Rationalism challenged religious faith.
-Religious leaders congregated to revive American's commitment to religion through a movement known as the

Second Great Awakening
which brought about social reforms.
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Temperance
Abolition
Women's rights
no alcohol
against slavery
right to vote and equality
A New Religion Is Created
The religious revival brought about new religious denominations:
MORMONS
-Joseph Smith founded the religious denomination, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
-Followers were called Mormons and were persecuted greatly.
Native Americans "try" to assimilate
Americans had an idea that the nation was meant to spread from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
The idea was known as Manifest Destiny.
They believed "it was God's will"
Manifest Destiny
The second Great Awakening created 3 social reforms. What were they?
Temperance
no alcohol
Abolition
against slavery
Women's rights
right to vote and equality
Checkpoint
USA vs Mexico
Mexico had already lost Texas to the Union =outraged country
Northern CA had already begun an uprising against Mexico and California became independent June 14, 1846.
Mexico finally surrendered in 1848 with the
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
CA, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, Colorado, and Wyoming were added by the treaty gaining 500,000 square miles (YAY us!)
Too much land!
The government wanted the citizens to settle in all the new land so they passed the
Homestead Act of 1862
.
Settlers could buy a
homestead
(public land available for settlement) with up to 160 acres for only $10 and title after 5 years!
An 1823 statement declaring that American continents cannot be colonized by Europe.
Check Your Understanding
What is the Monroe Doctrine?
Check Your Understanding
What is Manifest Destiny?
The American Settlers'
popular belief that the
United States was meant
to spread all the way
to the Pacific Ocean.
Joseph Smith was eventually murdered by an angry
mob during
their migration away from religious persecution
After his death, the Mormons eventually settled
in Utah.
Mormons found little peace in their
journey as their beliefs surrounded
around polygamy, multiple marriages,
and this was against many
religious doctrines.
Checking For Understanding
Why were Mormons persecuted and
where did they eventually settle?
Mormons were persecuted for their belief
in the idea of having multiple wives. They
eventually resided in UTAH after the founder,
Joseph Smith was murdered.
The nation's lust for more land and other resources came at a cost.
The Native Americans owned western land and was in the way.
Andrew Jackson disliked the Indians and enforced a removal plan
He forced the Cherokee nation to leave lands east of the Mississippi River (1838-1839) and migrate to what is now Oklahoma.
It became known as the
Trail of Tears
.

Trail of Tears
Their journey was named the
TRAIL OF TEARS
because they endured great suffering and death.
4,000 Cherokees died from hunger, disease, and exhaustion
from the elements.
Americans thought they could help their relationship with the Native Americans through the adoption of the White culture.
It was known as
Americanization.
They changed their clothes, lived in reservations, and forced them into American culture.

C
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Checking For Understanding
What was the Dawes Act of 1887?
An act that allowed division of Indian Tribal Land in to allotments for Individual Indians.
Checking For Understanding
How did Native Americans try to assimilate into American culture?
They were forced to changed their clothes, live in reservations, farm, and learn American Culture.
1845
1845
1845
1845
THE UNITED STATES HAS FULFILLED THEIR GOD'S WILL:
MANIFEST DESTINY
AMERICA OWNS EAST AND WEST!
Now what will we do with the land?
Life's Harder Than They Thought
The new settlers in the west experienced harsh conditions of living on the prairie.
There were times of extreme temperatures from over 100 degrees to extreme colds/blizzards.
Fires were prevalent and farming was extremely hard due to insect infestations.
Nothing seemed to help.
MINING OUR WAY TO RICHES
Natural resources such as Gold, Silver, and Copper were found in the west.
It brought about mass migration in hopes of gaining riches.
CALIFORNIA was the main spot for gold nuggets
SPARKED THE GOLD RUSH
The UNLUCKY Leave
Many were unlucky in finding riches in the west.
They continued on to other places, abandoning their locations.
These locations became
Ghost Towns
, leftover towns from the Boom and Bust of mining.
C
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Checking for Understanding
What is a Homestead?
Public Land in West available for settlement
for $10
Checking For Understanding
Why was living in the west difficult?
What did the settlers encounter?
They encountered harsh environments:
Fires, Insect Infestation,
Extreme temperatures of Hot and Cold
Checking You Understanding
How did the Louisiana Purchase benefit America?
hint: size
It doubled the size of land for the United States.
TINY HOMES FOR LARGE COMMUNITIES
The Dawes Act
was a policy that congress passed in 1887 that broke up reservations into allotments.
It was a failure because... they didn't like:
farming/ranching
allotments(too small to make profits)
adopting American culture
Checking For Understanding
What are Ghost Towns
and why did they exist?
Towns that have been abandoned by mining settlers in search of new places of riches.
Full transcript