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The Americas


Edison Student

on 27 August 2013

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Transcript of The Americas

Incan Temple
By Edison Middle School
Mud and grass
made into houses called adobe
Really good army,
and tax system
Intresting Facts




4: To get up to Machu
Peachu there was a
very long path of stairs
called the Great Peak
They call them the children
of the suns
The Spanish took over
in 1528 AD
The Spanish never
found Machu Peachu
it is said that the incans used reed mats to seperate different parts of the house. this is how they defined rooms.
5: It was found on a mountain in a huge jungle
7: Population between-14 million
6:The Incas were polytheistic
9: The Incas farmed corn,
potatoes, and coffee
8: First to grow the Irish potato
The roofs made of straw were so compress that they were waterproof!! They replaced the roof every 3 years!!!
The mountain
10:The Incas were the first people to tame wild animals in the Americas. They domesticated the Alpaca and Llama for their wool.
They wore alpaca and llama fur
because it was so cold in the mountains.

Machu Picchu
Sun God
11: Their land was 800,000
square meters big, at one
The Sun God was believed to be the
ancestor of the Incas. He was usually represented in human form, his face was a gold disk from which rays and flames extended!!!!!!!
During an Incan marriage,
the couple would exchange sandals.

The nobles lived in very lavish, spacious, and richly decorated stone palaces.
Not much is known from the Incan time.
They developed as a few tribes and then went on to conquer other tribes.
Viracocha god of all Incas
Sapa Incas were treated like gods. One chosen women would eat the hair that fell of the Sapa Inca.
The Incas belived that he was the god of all humans and he created the Incas for
lords of Cuzco
Sinchi Rocas
Lloque Yupanqui
Mayta Capac
Capac Yupanqui
Inca Roca
Yahuar Huacac
They wore clothes that suited their climate. In the highlands, the Inca people wore clothes made of alpaca and llamas wool.
In the coastal regions the Inca wore clothes made of cotton. Nobles usually wore garments made of fine cloth and were adorned with jewelry of fine metals.
The Inca empire centered in what is now
PERU from 1400 C.E. to 1525 C.E.
Men wore loincloths and tunics and capes in cold weather. Women wore long dresses and square shawls called mantas over their shoulders. Both men and women wore sandals and colorful sashes.
12: The Inca citizens farmed crops such as corn, potatoes, coffee, and grain (quinoa). The Inca's food was mainly what they produced and things such as chuño (freeze-dried potatoes) and chicha (corn juice beer).
Mama Quilla is the goddess of the moon
and protector of married woman her image is a silver disc with a human face
Incas had a great and a powerful army. Their army was also kind they gave enemies a chance to surrender.
Inca Calendars
Every day a llama was sacrificed and if a family couldn't buy a llama they sacrificed a guinea pig.
The ancient Incan language was called

These calendars are year calendars
and show the whole year.
A slave would be killed to help the king in the after live.
The Inca were polytheists which means they believed in many different gods. One of their main gods was Viracocha, who was believed to be the creator of the Inca. Another god, Inti, was the Sun God. In relation to Inti's god name, the Inca were called the "Children of the Sun." They also believed silver was the tears of the moon, and gold was believed to be the sweat of the sun. The Inca felt they had a very good relationship with the gods. Stone fortresses were erected on high mountain tops or sacred areas to prove the great dedication that the Inca felt to their gods.

Calendar: The Incan calendar was important to the ancient Incas for religious reasons.
The Incas farmed crops such as
corn, potatoes, coffee and grain.
Every style of hand-weaving was practiced by the Incas.
Was the 9th Incan Ruler
Pachacuti started the Incan Empire in 1438 BC when he conquered the Chanca Confederacy
Pachacuti was the 1st Incan ruler to be a military leader, head of the empire, and a head minister
Had one son, Topa Inca Yupanqui
The Andes Mountains
Lots of Incas were craftsmen, making colorful pots, and lots of other things
The Inca were very skilled architects.
North to south were the Andes Mountains - home of the Inca civilization. The mountains dominated Incan society. The mountain peaks were worshiped as gods.
2.They had two calendars one was the
solar calendar and the other was the lunar
Summer Ericson
London Miller
They would carve a stone wall so precise that you couldn't put a knife in the crack
3. The Solar calendar had 365 days
Topa Inca Yupanqui
Extended empire northwest and to Peru
Conquered South Bolivia, North Argentina,and north Chile
Had one son, Huayna Capac
They grew corn, potatoes, coffee,
and grain
Inca weavers wove beautiful textiles!
*Social Classes of the Incan Empire
There were four Inca classes:

* Inca- Sapa Inca

* Royalty -

Son of the Sapa Inca - The Auqyi

Wife of Spa Inca - The Coya

First generations of royal relatives

* Nobility-

Nobility of Blood: Other members of Royal realatives - Royal Panacas (las Pañacas).

Nobility of Privilege: They who achieved distinction from educational and training fields.


General People - Hatun Runa

Peoples of newly conquered races- Mitamaes

Servers of the Inca and Empire, including prisonars - Yanaconas
Topa Inca Yupanqui
Supia is the god of death a god of greed the incas sacrificed
100 of children a year but still he wouldent leave them alone
Manco Capac
Manco Capac is the son of Inti he is also a solar god the youngest of the four brothers

They had llamas
Common Inca weapons were slings, wooden clubs, and wooden swords. ( If you know how to use it.)
They had mathematics, agriculture and advance development of crops. They also knew medicine, hydraulics, astronomy, architecture and military strategy.
Inca Technology
Pariacaca was a god of water
Catequil was a god of thunder and lightning
The Incans stated out small,
but conqured many lands.
The empire began around 1438 B.C.
The Incans had many kings!!!
13: The Incas have more than
23,000 kilometers of built road
They invented chocolate!! My favorite food!
South Amarica
& Mountans
Cut into land
New York is the size of the altiplano platue
Bridges wore made ofplanks and grass.
Supai is the god of death the incas would
incas would sacrifice 100 of children a year to supai
but still he would not leave the incas alone
The administrative, political and military center of the empire was located in Cusco in modern-day Peru.
Inca armies sliced off it's enemies heads and used them as cups and their teeth for neclaces
the sun of god
Represented by a great golden disk with a face, but in the Incan mind he was thought to have a human form.e was believed to be the ancestor of the Incas.
Some of the tools the Inca used
are still used today in Peru
the andes mountains were
a holy mountains place
they would be used for
religious purposes and etc.
Specialized Professions
Jobs for the common people: Some people did escape life on the farm. Some boys were trained as artisans. Others were trained to be the servants and temple assistants of the royals, nobles, priests
There art work was advanced for their time
the sun of god name is inti
Profession: Chosen Women
The most beautiful 10-year-old girls of each ayllu were selected to become "chosen women". Chosen women lived in the temples. They were taught domestic arts.
After a few years, they were assigned jobs in the homes of the wealthy, perhaps even the home of the emperor himself
The Chaquitaclla was their most
important tool
he rules over fertility,crops.
Inti was at the head of the state cult, and his worship was imposed throughout the Inca empire.
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