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animation by Izzy bird
Transcript of animation by Izzy bird
History of animation
Types of animation
what is animation
Animation is the process of displaying still images in a rapid sequence to create the illusion of movement. These images can be hand drawn, computer generated, or pictures of 3D objects.
Types of animation
Hand drawn flip book, cell animation, time lapse photography, cut out animation, computer animation, modelling, stop motion are some types of animation. There are also other less common forms. All types of animation create the illusion of a moving object but all in different ways.
In 1913, Windsor McCay starts producing the first popular animation,Gertie the Dinosaur. It wasn't until February 1914 it was shown publicly. The type of animation used was cel animation.
Walt Disney's first film was "steamboat willie". Steamboat willie was an short film which was released in 1928. the type of animation used was hand drawn flip book.
Toy Story, produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures in the US on November 22, 1995. It was written and directed by John Lasseter. Toy story is computer animated.
Wallace and Gromit
Wallace and Gromit was created by Nick Park of Aardman Animations. The first Wallace and Gromit film was made in 1989. The type of animation used is modeling. The short film below was made in 1993.
Hand drawn flip book
In the 1960's computer animation was developed. Today animators mainly use computers to do all kinds of different styles of animation. Computers have allowed animators to create moving images on complex backgrounds. Many things require computerized animation such as music videos, commercials, special effects, and titles.Today, animators will take a shot of one scene and then they will add that to another scene and make it move. This is called cinematography. Walt Disney uses a lot of animation for the films and cartoons that the company creates and produces. To make a film you would have to draw twenty four frames for only one second of action. When you are drawing each frame you can only change each frame very slightly. In such things as graphic animation many different texts can be used. You can have just a simple character and background or a very complex one. computer animation is the quickest and easiest way to create animation.
Introduction to animation
Though most people think of animation as being used primarily for entertainment in movies, TV shows and video games, it has many other different uses. Its commonly used in education videos and advertisement both on the TV and internet, and it can also be used in the process of research and development to create simulations of how a machine or process would work. This can help designers troubleshoot problems without having to actually create the physical object.
Start of animation
The first idea of animation came from Peter Mark Roget, who did research in physiology at the University of London, published "Persistence of Vision with Regard to Moving Objects." This book presented the idea that a succession of still images could create the appearance of motion in 1824. In 1832 Joseph Plateau (a Belgian scientist) developed the phenakistoscope. In 1895 the age of movie camera and projector begins . experimenters discover they can stop the crank and restart it again to obtain special effects. Example: James Stuart Blackton creates "The Enchanted Drawing" in 1900. A caricature is drawn with no evidence of an artist.
The phenakistoscope would spin around and create the illusion that the pictures are moving
Hand drawn flip book is a book with a series of pictures that have pictures on each page that very gradually change from one page to the next, so that when the pages are turned rapidly, the pictures appears to be moving.
Hand drawn flip book
Time lapse photography
Cut out animation
Modelling animation is a type of stop motion animation. It is were you have a model and if you wanted to move it, you would move it the slightest bit and then take a picture, then move it the slightest bit a again and take a picture ect.
It is known as the traditional form of animation
It usually consists of 24 frames per second.
A lot of people still like to watch them
It takes a lot time to make and often cost a lot of money
How it works.
Cel animation is made up of layers. You would have a background then have character cels on top. Then put together to make a composite image. As shown on the picture.
Hand drawn flip book is book with a series of pictures that have pictures on each page that very gradually change from one page to the next, so that when the pages are turned rapidly, the pictures appear to moving. The flip book first became popular in the late 19th (1868) and the early 20th centenary but it is still used today. Not many films, short or long, use hand drawn flip book because it takes too long and in the end you don't get a clean finish.Flip books are now largely considered a toy or novelty for children, and are a common “prize” in cereal boxes and Christmas crackers.
Modelling animation is a type of stop motion animation. It is were you have model and if you wanted it to move it, you would move it the slightest bit and then take a picture, then move it the slightest bit a again and take a picture ect.
Modelling animation was first seen in 1897 when Albert E. Smith and J. Stuart Blackton created The Humpty Dumpty Circus. Modelling animation is still used today in many short and long film, one popular one is Wallace and Gromit.
Professional animators usually work in a range of 16-24 frames per second. In Wallace and Gromit they used around 24 frames per second, thats around 1440 frames per minute and 86400 frames per hour!
Time lapse photography is were you take pictures of a moving/shrinking/growing object/scene over a long period of time. Then put all the pictures together so the object/scene looks like it is moving/shrinking/growing alot quicker than it actually is.
This video shows a candle burning all the wax in 54 seconds when the pictures were took for over 5 hours.
Cut out animation is cut out shapes (made out of paper). To make these shapes move you just move them slightly, then take a picture, move shapes slightly and then take a picture ect.
Cut out animation is a type of stop motion animation.
Today animators mainly use computers to do all kinds of different styles of animation. Computers have allowed animators to create moving images on complex backgrounds. Many things require computerized animation such as music videos, commercials, special effects, and titles.Today, animators will take a shot of one scene and then they will add that to another scene and make it move. This is called cinematography.