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KO RM 6b Language, Values and Reflexivity
Transcript of KO RM 6b Language, Values and Reflexivity
Grain Tax-Code 374BC, Pompeii 79AD,
& Bazaars c.1500AD Bazaar of Isfahan 1500 AD onwards
The 'Built Environment' as Data Research Methods for
Business Management Grain Tax-Code 374BC
Monuments & Inscriptions Rhetorical Issues
Language & Research Use of ‘authorial voice’
First Person Pronouns should we use them, I do!
Translation issues How is language
used in research? “... translated texts tend to speak more of the translator than of their original message. It is not too difficult to render texts written in a dead language as literally as possible and to suggest to the outsider, through the use of quaint and stilted locutions, the alleged awkwardness and archaism of a remote period A step nearer to the realization of the legitimate desire to make the texts ‘speak for themselves’ with a critical discussion of the literary, stylistic, and emotional setting of each translated piece” (Oppenheim 1977:3). How to translate Pompeii 79AD
Archaeological Sites Eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD
Over 170 Commercial Hospitality Establishments Caravanserais Clustering of Caravanserais in Esfahan Iran Built Environment As Text The built environment is used as a text by reflecting and analysing the cityscape; the cityscape is “a story people tell themselves about themselves.” Geertz (1977: 448) Historical Architecture Social Architecture Identify the architect, analyze the work, and put the architect's work into the larger context of his time and region The built environment reflects the social system of the time and the ways in which that system is expressed, reproduced, and experienced and therefore reflects the structure of urban life Can everything come down to the beliefs of the researcher?
Is your opinion absolute?
Benedict XVI (2005:2) “we are building a dictatorship of relativism that does not recognize anything as definitive and whose ultimate goal consists solely of one’s own ego and desires.” A Warning... Data “search for him in some big bar. There he will be, lying next a cut-throat, in the company of sailors, thieves, and runaway slaves, beside hangmen and coffin-makers, or beside a passed out priest:
This is liberty hall,
one cup serves for all,
no one has a bed to himself,
nor a table apart from the rest.”
(Juvenal, Satires 8:168f) Introducing a new empirical site
Drawing new evidence for accounting research from Classical Athens and the Grain-Tax
Highlighting the importance of inter-disciplinary research in accounting history and hermeneutic analysis
Exploring the scope of what is viewed as evidence and what is missing “Modern societies have reached a position where not only are they forced to reflect on themselves but also they have the capability of reflecting back on themselves” Hall (2004:140)
Personal bias – influence on the research process
Personal bias – influence on the writing process
These types of bias may exist within qualitative research – they must be controlled for where possible and at the very least acknowledged in your methodology Reflexivity Professor Kevin D O'Gorman