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Transcript of Persepolis Presentation
The story takes place in Tehran, Iran, and begins at the same time as the Islamic Revolution in 1979.
Big Picture Analysis
Persepolis: A Journey of Self-Discovery
Novel By: Marjane Satrapi
Presented by: Courtney Hymes, Bridget Colombini, and Hannah Kroll
Your country has just come out of a revolution. The corrupt leader that the western countries previously forced into power has been successfuly overthrown. This leader rejected the major religion of your country and offended many people. The overthrowing was a national celebration. In order to restore the major religion and keep the country organized after the revolution, an extremist religious group has taken control of the government. They have put new laws in place to reform soceity and prevent furthur political unrest. Any opposition to these rules could lead to arrest and possible death without trial.
Iran became the Persian Empire after its establishment in 7th Century BC
Referred to as Persia until 1953
Reza Sha decided to modernize and westernize the country
discovery of oil
Western invasion, especially Great Britian
Mohammed Mozzadeq is elected by popular demand in 1951
Nationalized the oil industry
Iran was happy, US and Britain were not
Retaliation of west
Mossadeq forcefully overthrown and a pro-US dictator is installed (the Shah)
The Shah was arrogant to the people
Tried to westernize Islam by getting rid of Islam
The people forced the Shah out of power in 1979
Islamic tradition was brought back forcefully
Opposing views on extremist tradition leads to social unrest
Iran / Iraq War begins in 1980
Extremist views combine with nationalism
Violence against any "opposition"
Marjane Satrapi is an average Muslim girl living in Iran with her two parents. The year is 1980. Recently groups of Iranian extremists have been protesting constantly trying to overthrow the unjust and uneducated Shah. Marjane's family is avid supporters of the movement and they protest in their back yard to avoid arrest. Following the Shah's removal from power a new form or radicalism comes in: Radical Islam. All items considered westernized are banned. Women now must wear veils to cover their "seductive hair". Marji, refusing to conform to these extreme views, constantly rebels through the purchasing of posters, tapes, and other banned everyday items. The Iraq Iran War turns Marji's somewhat comfortable life upside down though, as she is in constant fear now of Iraqi bombings of Tehran or of towns of family and friends. Child soldiers are coerced into joining the army and injustice divides Iran. Marji continues to rebel throughout the war despite the fact that random people are being systematically arrested and murdered without trial for the participation in banned activities. After a near death experience for her mother, the story concludes with Marji leaving for Austria alone in order to be safer, however her parents remain behind.
Literary Techniques and Elements
Why Use Illustrations?
Marjane was a child during the book
Told from her perspective
Black and White
Division of People
The Keys to Paradise
Offers explanation to audience when needed
Explanations given directly to Marjane
Traditional Islamic culture verses Western
Satrapi, Marjane. Persepolis: The Story of a Childhood. New York: Pantheon Books, 2003.Print.
Islam. "The Constitution of Islamic Republic of Iran." EbscoHost. N.p., 3 Dec. 2008. Web. 11May 2013.
Middle East: Iran. N.d. Map. Central Intelligence Agency: The World FactbookWeb. 12 May 2013. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html>.
Marjane Satrapi in Action. N.d. Photograph. InterviewWeb. 14 May 2013. <http://www.interviewmagazine.com/film/marjane-satrapi-chicken-with-plums>.
Overall Analysis of Themes
Free education is stated in the constitution
shows importance of education
People are at odds with each other during the revolution
Fundamentalist Muslims wished to overthrow Shah
Enemies unite for common cause against Iraq
Both Fundamentalists and Westernized Muslims fight together
Religion is intertwined with politics throughout the book
In Constitution, states, “There is only one God” (article 2)
Adds conflict throughout the story
Women are objectified and seen as objects
Girls go to a separate school
Girls cannot fight
Girls must dress modestly
Division of people