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History of Ballet
Transcript of History of Ballet
Ballet can be traced back to the Italian Renaissance courts of the 15th century.
In 1547, Catherine de Medicis became Queen of France. Her family ruled Florence, Italy, where she learned ballet & later introduced it back home to the French court.
King Louis XIV helped revive the French's interest in ballet by taking part in performances held for his court.
As several choreographers have begun crafting ballets to express the music, body movement and human emotion (with no definitive storyline); it has allowed ballet to evolve without losing sight of its origin.
15th Century Italian Renaissance
It was performed for noblemen and women of the day.
It was believed that the queen's chief musician Balthassar de Beujoyeux created the very 1st ballet
"Le Ballet comique de la Reine".
(Queen's Comic Ballet)
He opened the 1st ballet school l'Academie Royale de Danse in 1661.
The 5 classic ballet positions were created by Pierre Beauchamps sometime around 1670.
Women began to dance ballet in 1681.
French ballet dancers trained professionally & started performing publicly around 1708.
At the time, standard ballet shoes had heels.
the Russian Imperial Ballet of St. Petersburg was founded.
In the mid-18th century Marie Camargo, of the Paris Opera Ballet, was the 1st to wear non-heeled shoes.
In 1875 Pyotr Tchaikovsky composed Swan Lake - it was meant to represent women in their purest form.
Point Shoes & Tutus became standard for female dancers; as it portrays them as heavenly beings, floating in the air, appearing weightless - to which the term "Prima Ballerina" was born.
In 1889, Tchaikovsky created his 1st monumental composition work with The Sleeping Beauty.
George Balachine re-staged The Nutcracker, to the popular version we all know today.
Balachine went on to create a ballet based on William Shakespeare's A Midsummer Nights Dream in 1962. It was his 1st full length production in the U.S.
St. Petersburg, Russia
Ballet evolved in popularity and spread to North America and other parts of the world.
Catherine de Medicis
Queen of France
The Sleeping Beauty
Ballet now includes both classical forms and traditional stories; as well as contemporary choreography.
After the French Revolution, heels were completely eliminated, to what we now know as point shoes.
The 5 types of Tutu's
A bell shaped skirt, falling between the knee and ankle.
It is free flowing to emphasis on lightness.
A very short, stiff skirt with a slight bell shape, it is usually longer than the 'pancake' tutu.
The netting extends outward from the hips but does not use a wired hoop.
A very short, stiff skirt made with layers of netting that extends outwards from the hips in a 'pancake' shape.
It uses a wire hoop and more layers of netting applied by hand to keep the layers flat & stiff.
It has a flat top that sticks straight out form the ballerina's waistline.
It is similar to the pancake bit is completely flat.
Can be seen in ballets like: Swan Lake
Can be seen in ballets like:
It is also known as the "powder puff" because it is a very short skirt with no hoops and fewer layers of netting.
It keeps the look of being fuller and softer versus the classical tutu.
Originally designed for the ballet version of: Symphony in C
This one is my FAVORITE!!
Ballets were (and still are) inspired by Greek dramas and myths, fairytales, love stories and tales of escape.
at the Paris Opera House,
from June 7, 1910
Some photos from a ballet expo at the Paris Opera House
Costumes of past ballets at the Paris Opera House
The earliest known ballet music compositions were by Jean Baptiste Lully, the court composer of the French King Louis XIV.
But they were mostly “opera-ballets”, where part of the story is told in dance (ballet) set into music.
Russian Ballet Academy Workshop
(video - 2012)