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The Holocaust “Final Solution” Research Project

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Ciara McCrae

on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of The Holocaust “Final Solution” Research Project

The Holocaust “Final Solution” Research Project By: Ciara McCrae What was the "Final Solution?" The genocide, or mass destruction, of the Jews was the culmination of a decade of increasingly severe discriminatory measures evolving Nazi policy; commencing with Hitler’s earliest writings about the need for a solution to the Jewish question in Europe, followed by the Nazis' attempts to induce mass emigration during the 1930s - through to the plan for collective exile to a specific destination and finally by 1941, I repeat the mass extermination of Jews. Who were implementers of the "Final Solution?" Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and many other Nazis. How was the "Final Solution" supposed to be carried out? The Nazi's wanted to wipe out the entire Jewish population. In May 1940, the next phase in anti-Jewish policy was supposed to cosmist called the Madagascar Plan—a plan to deport all of Europe's Jews to the island of Madagascar, a French colony in Africa. However, the Germans were defeated in the Battle of Britain just a few months later, rendering the Madagascar idea unfeasible. So instead, the Germans attacked their former ally, the Soviet Union, in June 1941. Mobile killing units called Einsatzgruppen, along with regular army, police units and local collaborators immediately began the systematic murder of the Jews in the Soviet Union and at the end of 1941 and early 1942, the Nazis established extermination camps, began deportations to them, and crystallized killing methods. Gassing experiments were performed in Auschwitz in September 1941, and extermination camps were also setup at Belzec and Chelmno were constructed in late fall. Sobibor, Treblinka, Majdanek and Auschwitz became extermination centers in the spring of 1942. Meanwhile, on December 12, 1941, Hitler told his intimate circle that the murder was to be extended to include German Jews, thereby including all the Jews of Europe in the plans for the "Final Solution." In January 1942, German government and SS leaders met to coordinate the extermination of every Jew in Europe. From this time until the end of the war in 1945, the "Final Solution" was official Nazi policy and meant only one thing – total extermination of Europe’s Jews. How many Jewish lives were lost as a result of "The Final Solution" and the Holocaust? Over Six million Credits To:
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/ The End
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