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Transcript of Irony
Romeo and Juliet
Portlandia, "Put a Bird on it"
Examples of irony in television:
What is irony?
"The Big Bang Theory," Raj on Drugs
Irony in E-Cards:
It's not necessarily just 'bad luck.' It's beyond that. Irony deals more with the...
So what is irony, anyway?
Think about the clip from "Big Bang Theory."
Raj takes his anti-anxiety meds so that he can relax in social situations. Had we watched other episodes, we would know that Raj has an extremely hard time talking to attractive women. One could assume that his new medication could help alleviate this problem, improving his success with women; however, the meds melt away his anxiety so intensely that he feels comfortable enough to get naked in a coffee shop.
There are three main types of irony:
1. Verbal irony: when a person says the opposite of what he or she means (sarcasm is a common form).
2. Situational irony: when the outcome of a situation is different than expected (seen often in literature)
3. Dramatic irony: when the audience knows things about a story that the characters do not (seen often in drama/film)
Examples of each:
Verbal Irony: "Monty Python and the Holy Grail"
What is verbally ironic about the wounded knight's statement that his injuries are "just a flesh wound?"
It is ironic because his injuries are not "flesh wounds." His four limbs have been completely SEVERED and detached from his body, and the man is bleeding profusely.
Examples of situational irony:
The typically shy Raj removing his clothes in the coffee shop
The Portlandia clip:
The hipster merchants profess to love birds, because they are hip and trendy; but when an actual bird enters the scene, panic ensues.
What examples of situational irony can be found in Night and The Pianist?
Example of Dramatic Irony:
Say that we are watching a movie in which an unhappily married man secretly responds to a Craig's list ad and decides to meet up with an anonymous woman.
The woman who wrote the ad is his wife.
We, as the audience, know this because a scene showed her writing it.
He responds to it, and they meet up. They are shocked. We, as the audience, are not.
Boom. Dramatic Irony.
ROMEO AND JULIET, WHICH WE ARE ABOUT TO READ, IS ALSO AN EXAMPLE OF DRAMATIC IRONY.
Now that we understand the definition of irony and its three main types, we understand the "what."
Through viewing multiple examples, we understand the "how."
Now, it's time to explore the "why."
Why do authors use irony in their work? What purpose does it serve?
Authors include irony in their work for multiple reasons. Some of these reasons include (but are not limited to):
to create humor
for shock value
to pique interest
to create conflict
to foster excitement
to provide twists
to convey meanings/messages (themes)
to provoke deeper thought
But mainly, it's because LIFE IS FULL OF IRONY, AND ART MIMICS LIFE.
Our irony of focus in our reading and discussion of our next story "The Interlopers" is SITUATIONAL.
It differs from DRAMATIC in the sense that, in SITUATIONAL drama, the audience does not know what the outcome of situations will be either, just like the characters.
In DRAMATIC irony, the audience knows key details that the characters do not.
This story is set in a dense forest on the slopes of the Carpathian Mountains, which span across Poland, Slovakia, Romania, and Ukraine. At the time the story is set (most likely late nineteenth century), aristocratic families owned miles and miles of land; in fact, almost entire countries.
A "poacher" is someone who goes onto private property to fish or hunt illegally. In Europe at one time, someone caught poaching could be put to death.
"The Interlopers," by: Saki
As we read, fill in each column
of your reading guides,
taking note of instances
of: FORESHADOWING, AMBIGUITY,
CONFLICT, and IRONY.
"Bad Luck Brian"
...but first: MEMES
The Onion, Hipsters "Ironically" Eating Applebees
When Eliezer goes to meet the dentist, the dentist has “yellow, rotten teeth.”
The sign on the iron gate at Auschwitz: “Work makes you free.”
When the Jewish people are forced to wear stars and Elie’s father tries to lighten the situation by saying, “The yellow star. Oh well. You won’t die of it.” This is ironic since most of them do end up getting slaughtered because they are Jewish.
When Elie’s hospital roommate says to him, “I’ve got more faith in Hitler than anyone else. He’s the only one who’s kept his promises, all his promises, to the Jewish people.” This quote is so incredibly and disturbingly true. It is ironic because the people that the Jews had the most faith in could not keep their promises the way the Nazis did. If they said they were going to kill someone, then someone would indeed be killed.
Wiesel and his father thought that if they evacuated with the others, it would eventually lead to their freedom. Ironically, when they left with them, they were imprisoned for another three months. Had they decided to stay, they would have been liberated by the Red Army.
When Szpilman first met Dorota and her brother, he instantly fell in love with her and yells to her brother "Where have you been hiding her?” Afterwards, Dorota hides Szpilman from the Nazis.
One of the great ironies of the story is that Szpilman found his greatest security when he was literally sitting on top of the Nazi headquarters, “in the heart of the lion’s den”
In the end, Wladek is almost killed by Polish soldiers because he is wearing a Nazi jacket his Nazi friend Wilm gave him.