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Presidents of the Twentieth Century

For AP US History
by

Mike Ray

on 16 August 2014

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Transcript of Presidents of the Twentieth Century

Presidents in the Twentieth Century
FONTS
President George Bush
President Richard Nixon
Nixon's Trials and Tribulations
Story of ongoing crises and interventions
The 43rd president George W. Bush of the U.S served for years 2001 through 2009. He first started as the governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000. Just within the first year of presidency he was faced with multiple conflicts like 9/11, terrorism, and the unstable governments of Afghanistan and Iraq. These events will be explained in the following exhibit.
President Richard M. Nixon was the 37th president of the United States of America who served from years 1969 to 1974. President Nixon was known for building relations with China, but also suspected of being corrupt which will later have adverse effects on himself and even the government itself.
S: This picture depicts the devastating attack of 9/11
O: It was on the day of September 11th, 2001 when four planes were hijacked and two of them purposely collided with the twin towers stationed in New York City.
A: As far as audience is concerned it was an effort to strike fear among the general population of Al-Qaeda's presence and capabilities.
P: The purpose of this event was to try and weaken the U.S government greatly by destroying their trade centers, the Twin Towers.
S: The mastermind behind this plot was the leader of Al-Qaeda, Osama Bin Laden, and it can be told by the coordination of this event that he had great distaste for the American government and shows his aggression through terrorism.
S: President Bush initiates the phrase "War on Terrorism" and also launches a series of interventions in the countries where the terrorist organizations are located.
O: The speech that included this famous phrase was given nine days after the terrorist attack, 9/11, and was announced at Congress.
A: President Bush's speech was directed toward the government and the citizens of the U.S themselves.
P: The speech itself was an effort by President Bush to rally support from America to wage war on terrorist governments, Iraq and Afghanistan, if necessary.
S: The main voice behind this speech of course is President Bush himself and it can be told by this reaction that he is willing to try what ever is necessary to stop terrorism which shows that he has pride and compassion for the United States of America.
S: Citizens of Iraq are witnessing the effects of war in their home country of Iraq.
O: This picture was taken in the country of Iraq during the year of 2003.
A: This photo depiction shows the ramifications of the war on its citizens and was taken as a way to show the heavy toll to people everywhere.
P: Capturing this image was an effort to enforce a sense of empathy on both opposing sides, America and the Iraqi government, and bring about peace.
S: More than likely the photographer behind this picture felt for the citizens of Iraq and needed to express his/her findings to the rest of the world.
S: The dictator of Iraq, Saddam Hussein, is shown well after being found hiding in a hole under custody of government forces.
O: Saddam Hussein's first hearing at an Iraqi court on July 1st, 2004 after committing crimes against humanity.
A: This illustration is directed towards the victims under Saddam Hussein's regime.
P: Showing that justice was finally going to be enforced upon Dictator Saddam Hussein was the overall purpose of the piece.
S: Behind the capturing of these picture the photographer had the motive of witnessing the final judgement call and sharing it with the world.
S: This is the result of President Bush declaring war on terrorism in Afghanistan.
O: War in Afghanistan was declared in 2001 following the same year of 9/11 which caused the war to begin in the first place.
A: The conflict is directed toward the terrorist organizations within Afghanistan.
P: The purpose of the war was to eradicate the threat of terrorists.
S: The one who declared war on Afghanistan was President George Bush and this demonstrates his determination on weeding out the terrorist leader, Osama Bin Laden.
S: Members of the terrorist organization, Al-Qaeda, are being shown.
O: Later 2001 was when this was taken in Afghanistan and represents the participants in this organization against U.S forces.
A: The message is directed towards anyone who apposes them (specifically U.S troops).
P: The main purpose for the picture is to serve as a representation that the terrorist members are well armed and prepared for war.
S: As far as the speaker is concerned he/she either had the intent of striking fear among the U.S troops or warning the masses (soldiers and general public) of an imminent threat that is Al-Qaeda.
S: Osama Bin Laden, leader of Al-Qaeda, is the subject matter in this piece.
O: The time when Osama Bin Laden became the main focus of America was after September 11, 2001 and he was known to stay in Afghanistan.
A: Photos of Bin Laden were mainly in use for U.S troops to identify him when searching.
P: Reasons why this picture is important is because Bin Laden was President Bush's main focus given that he was behind 9/11
S: Osama Bin Laden is the leader of Al-Qaeda and from his actions it can be said that he is very aggressive in his means of getting a point across even when innocent lives are endangered.
S: This is a controversial representation of the skepticism around the real reason Iraq was invaded
O: Questions around this war arose in the later end of the Iraq war which was in March 20, 2003.
A: This illustration was directed toward the U.S government.
P: The overall purpose was to call the American's reliability in government into question and to show them that the government can't always be trusted with revealing information.
S: It can be told from this image that the author is a skeptic when it comes to government and lacks trust within the government as well.
S: President Bush's reaction to the Hurricane Katrina disaster and Kanye West proposing that President Bush doesn't care about African Americans.
O: Hurricane Katrina occurred in later August, 2005 and did the most damage in states of Louisiana and New Orleans. What provoked Kanye West to make such a bold statement was because the population of New Orleans was predominately black and President Bush didn't respond as quickly as he thought he should have.
A: This comment was directed towards the president and to the general public in an effort to show President Bush's supposed true side.
P: This picture showing President Bush on ground zero of the disaster was a way of showing Americans that he is concerned for the well-being of the population of New Orleans white or black.
S: The voice behind this accusation is the rap artist Kanye West and given his reputation and the bold statement that was made by him demonstrates his fearlessness of public scrutiny to get a point across.
S: This is a photo of President George Bush signing the "No Child Left Behind" reform.
O: The act was signed on January 8, 2002 in congress. It was brought about because President Bush was unsatisfied with the amount of "Disadvantaged students" in the education system.
A: The act was designed for "Disadvantaged students" in the general population of America.
P: The purpose was to eliminate unqualified teachers and schools that do a poor job in educating children.
S: The one behind this act was President Bush who was the one to first propose it. He had the intent of giving all under privileged children a chance of completing elementary school.
S: President Richard M. Nixon meets with Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai.
O: This meeting took place on February 21, 1972 in the People's Republic of China (China).
A: This meeting was an example for other countries who were not so much on friendly terms.
P: President Nixon's initiative was to establish close ties with a communist nation which was important during the Cold War (Democratic and communist nations disliked each other).
S: From this image it can seen that President Nixon is willing to ease tensions with communist nations.
S: Because of the newly established ties with the People's Republic of China an open-trade policy has formed between them and America.
O: February 21, 1972 between America and China was when this occurred.
A: The main statement that was being sent was to other countries who weren't as friendly especially Great Britain who took advantage of them in the past by forcing them to trade.
P: By having an open-trade policy many things that Americans purchase comes from China given the famous tag "Made in China".
S: Like in the previous picture President Nixon was innovative which is evident by the partnership with the People's Republic of China.
S: Investigation is under way on the Watergate Scandal with President Nixon being the prime suspect.
O: The crime was committed on June 17, 1972 inside the Watergate office complex in Washington.
A: The victims who were spied on by were Democrats running against President Nixon.
P: The reason behind why this occurred was so President Nixon would have damaging information against any future running mates for President.
S: From these actions of impeding the FBI from gaining any more information shows another side of President Nixon that was deceitful and untrustworthy.
S: President Nixon resigns before being impeached becoming the first President ever to resign from office. He also accepts a pardon from President Ford of all his recent crimes.
O: On August 8, 1974 in the White House Cabinet room President Nixon resigns.
A: His resignation speech was for the citizens of America and any other government official.
P: The reason for resigning was to avoid from being impeached.
S: President Nixon was behind this speech and shows that Nixon was indeed remorseful for his obstruction of justice.
S: President Gerald Ford grants a pardon for the now resigned Richard M. Nixon.
O: This took place just weeks after President Nixon resigned on August 8, 1974.
A: This article was directed to government officials who were trying to prosecute Nixon.
P: Nixon being granted a full pardon from President Ford was to prevent Nixon from suffering more than he thought he had to.
S: President Ford was very considerate of Nixon's rising problems as he stepped away from presidency given that he granted the pardon.
S: A graph showing a survey of Americans who trust their government decisions.
O: This was over a time frame from 1958 to 2012.
A: Government in general was the main focus of this data.
P: This graph was a way of displaying how much trust has really gone down since the resignation of President Richard M. Nixon.
S: More than likely the person responsible for this data representation is very analytical.
S: Citizens protest against the war in Vietnam.
O: Protesters became rapidly prevalent in 1964 on large college campuses and in large cities.
A: This protest is directed towards President Nixon and the government.
P: Overall purpose for public protest was to force President Nixon to the pulling out of all U.S troops in Vietnam in which the protesters accomplished by embracing drug culture and rejecting authority (Hippie culture).
S: The main individuals who participated were college students and prominent artists who had a reputation. From these protests conclusions can be made about them being pacifist and seeing violence as unnecessary.
S: Regardless of bringing more troops into the frame of the war at the beginning, President Nixon announces a cease-fire and evacuates all troops from Vietnam
O: On January 15, 1973 the cease-fire was officially announced in Vietnam.
A: This command ordered by Nixon was for the U.S troops in Vietnam.
P: The main focus was to put everyone (protesters) at ease with the final decision.
S: Nixon ordered the immediate cease-fire and decided what was best for the people.
S: Mission Apollo 11 with astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landing on the moon.
O: It was on July 20, 1969 that the landing occurred on the moon in outer space.
A: Given the fact that this happened during the Cold War this major accomplishment was directed at the Soviet Union.
P: It was the first space mission to have actual human beings walk the face of the moon which provided decent bragging rights in the race for space between the Soviet Union and the United States.
S: President Nixon presided over this mission and was intuitive in completing great feats.
S: "Detente" is french for "relaxation" and was a term used between the Soviet Union and the United States.
O: The term became relevant in 1969.
A: This article's main focus was on the general public readers of the magazine.
P: Detente was a term used for the easing of tensions in this Brinkmanship (Brink of war) between the two world powers, U.S and Soviet Union.
S: The publisher of this magazine was Time magazine and this political cartoon exemplifies the wittiness of the writers in charge of the article.
(Of course this is not what President Bush said)
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