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Transcript of WWII
Imperialist Military Regime
Treaty of Versailles
Desire for Territorial Expansion
Resentment From WWI
Rise of Dictatorships
Causes of War
World War II
League of Nations
Left Many Governments Weak
Loss of Land
Kellog-Briand Peace Pact
Leaves League of Nations
Rise of the National Socialists Party (Nazis)
Mein Kampf-Der Fuhrer
The Soviet Union
1917 Communist Revolution
Becomes industrial power
Cost in Life
"The Organized Will of
Civil War in Spain
Abraham Lincoln Battalion
Germany and Italy Support Franco
Soviet Union Supports Republic
1939-Fascist Government in Spain
Western Democracies Look the other Way
Fascism in Italy
1922-Fascists took over
USA: Neutrality and Isolationism
Criticism of involvement in WWI
FDR's foreign policy
Good Neighbor Policy
Reciprocal Trade Agreement
FDR wants to get involved
War in Europe
Austria and Czechoslovakia Fall
Union with Austria
Annexation of Sudetenland
Edouard Daladier and Neville Chamberlain
The Phony War
1. Describe the conflict over strategic interests.
2.Explain the complexities of neutrality in wartime.
3.Identify characteristics of conflicting political systems.
4. Analyze the causes of WWII.
Geography Skill Builder 532 (2)
Terms and Names 535 (8)
Critical Thinking 535 (3)
Think, Pair, Share
1. How was WWI a cause of WWII?
2. How is your perspective of historical events affected by where you are from?
3. What has changed between WWII and today in regards to America's involvement in world affairs?
1. Amber, Rayvn, Logan W
2. Samantha, Hunter, Katelyn
3. Brittany, Evan, Andrew
4. Kirsten, Jessica, Kassandra
5. Elizabeth, Casey, Marissa, Kendra
6. Gil, Tamara, Peter
7. Megan, Joseph, Nathan
8. Logan R, Valorie, Kaley
Jot down notes to each question.
On a piece of paper, write down things that surprised you. Compare how Germans view WWII and what you are taught.
France and Britain
The Maginot Line - Ineffective
The Fall of France
Beaches of Dunkirk
Charles de Gaulle
Battle of Britain
Germany wants to invade Britain
RAF vs Luftwaffe
Britain has a superior navy
Terms and Names 541
1. Identify the different political systems at the beginning of WWII
2. Why did the United States want to stay neutral?
3. Name 3 causes of WWII.
Examine the Photos on Page 537
1. What emotions are Hitler's face and gestures displaying?
Would this type of communication work today? Why or why not?
Persecution Begins-1933, all non-Aryans forced out of government positions.
Star of David
Kristallnacht: "Night of Broken Glass"
100 Jews killed
Hundreds more injured
Refugees and Prisoners
Jews found it hard to leave Germany-Antisemitism
The Plight of the St. Louis
Not allowed to enter the USA
Half died in the Holocaust
Hitler's "Final Solution"
Homosexuals, mentally ill, physically disabled, incurably ill
Jews forced into Ghettos
Death and disease
Originally prisons, eventually work and death camps
Worked all day everyday, killed if too weak
The Final Stage
1942-Began Mass Killings
Gas Chambers-12,000 victims per day
Hiding their crimes
Some were helped by citizens
Some miraculously survived the camps
Terms and Names 549
Research for Debate
1. Why did many nations sit back and do nothing when Hitler invaded Austria and Czechoslovakia.
2. What is Blitzkrieg and why was it used?
3. What was unique about the Battle of Britain?
4. What was the 5 years plan?
America Moves Toward War
1939-"Cash and Carry"
Help USA remain neutral
Help the economy
Germany, Italy, and Japan signed a treaty in 1940
USA provided huge aid to England
Building US defenses
First peacetime draft (age 21-35)
Boosted spending on the military
Roosevelt Runs for a Third Term
Break of tradition
Similar candidates, promise to stay out of war
The Great Arsenal of Democracy
Claimed that the USA could not afford to let Britain fall.
US would provide significant aid to Britain
Britain had no more money to spend
US would lend weapons to crucial nations
Opposed by isolationists
Passed by Congress
Support of Stalin
In 1941, Hitler broke the non-aggression pact
Lend-Lease went to the Soviet Union
German Wolf Packs
Hitler tried to stop supplies from reaching England and the Soviets
Used hundreds of U-Boats
US navy could fight in self defense
FDR Plans for War
FDR was certain that war was coming. Extended draft terms.
The Atlantic Charter
Agreement of free seas and collective defense with Britain.
FDR told Churchill that he would try to make war
Shoot on Sight
Many US naval and merchant vessels were sunk
Congress finally allowed vessels to be armed
War seemed inevitable
Japan Attacks the USA
Japan took over French and English colonies
Wanted to unite east Asia and pacific islands
Build up to War and Pearl Harbor
Peace Talks are Questioned
Tojo began planning attack on the USA
USA decoded Japanese messages planning a strike
FDR knew that war was coming-warns military bases
Attack on Pearl Harbor
Surprise attack, December 6, 1941
Devastating attacks, little resistance
2,403 Americans killed
21 ships sunk, must of the Pacific Fleet
Reaction to Pearl Harbor
Panic and outrage
Congress immediately accepts war proposal
isolationists immediately support war
What is a difference between Fascism and Communism?
How were some Jews in Nazi controlled countries able to survive the holocaust?
Imagine that you are a high school student in 1941. What would your thoughts be after hearing about the attack on Pearl Harbor and the declaration of war?
America Joins the War Effort
American Reaction to Pearl Harbor
Recruitment of an army
5 million volunteers and 10 million draftees
8 weeks of basic training
Women's Auxiliary Army Corps(WAAC)
Volunteer branch for women in the military
Nurses, drivers, radio operators, electricians, and pilots.
Do you think that women should be drafted alongside men?
Minorities questioned their responsibility to fight?
Segregation, no citizen rights
A high percentage of blacks, Mexicans, and Native Americans volunteered.
Many Japanese served as spies
A Production Miracle
Car companies stopped making cars
All civilian production turned to military
Massive new shipyards-record speeds
Companies feared not having enough workers
Realized women could be excellent factory workers
Only paid 60% as much as men
Minorities were hired but not given good jobs
Some companies refused to hire them at all
A. Phillip Randolph
Well known black labor leader
March on Washington DC
FDR backs down
Mobilization of Scientists
Office of Scientific Research and Development
Radar and Sonar, pesticides, penicillin
Atomic Bomb-Albert Einstein
Shortened the time to make the bomb
All around the country
Skill builder- 566
The Federal Government Takes Control
Demand increasing, supplies dropping
Office of Price Administration (OPA)
Raised income tax
Inflation remained fairly low
People encouraged to buy war bonds
War Production Board(WPB)
Decided what companies would Produce
Organized drives to collect scrap
Ration booklets-meat, shoes, sugar, coffee, and gas
Harder in the West
Would you be alright with having goods rationed today?
Terms and Names and Critical Thinking
Everyone should have a piece of paper to record group discussion. Turn this in at the end of class.
Logan W+ Katelyn
Where was discrimination seen in the US during WWII?
What was the Women's Auxiliary Army Corp?
Who was A. Philip Randolph?
What was the Office of Price Administration?
What was the War Production Board?
What was the Manhattan Project?
The War for Europe and North Africa
1. Battle of the Atlantic:
Amber, Jessica, Nathan
2. Battle of Stalingrad:
Samantha, Brittany, Liz
3. North Africa +Italian Campaign:
Kirsten, Casey, Logan W
4. Heroes in Combat:
Gil, Peter, Tamie
Hunter, Evan, Marissa, Joseph
6. Allies Gain Ground:
Rayvn, Katelyn, Megan
7.Battle of the Bulge:
Logan R, Kassie, Valorie
8. Liberation of Death Camps:
Kendra, Kaley, Andrew
1. Create a visual to present to the class.
2. Identify all important names and events.
3. Describe the importance of your section to WWII.
4. All group members must present information.
5. Take notes on other groups. Information will be on the chapter test.
Japan missed American submarines and Aircraft Carriers at Pearl Harbor.
Japan conquered a huge amount of land
Hong Kong, French Indochina, Malaya, Burma, Thailand, and much of China.
"I shall return"
First counterattack of the Americans.
Raised American Spirits
Bombed Tokyo and other cities
The Battle of the Coral Sea
5-Day battle with aircraft
First Japanese invasion turned back
Americans and Australians
Battle of Midway
Americans cracked Japanese Code
Admiral Chester Nimitz
Leader of the American Fleet
Surprise attack on Japanese Fleet
The Japanese Defense
First Japanese defeat on land
Disaster for Japan
Imperial Navy-No longer involved much
Important island for bombers
6,000 marines killed taking it
1,900 kamikaze attacks, 7,600 deaths
110, 000 Japanese casualties
The Atomic Bomb Ends the War
J. Robert Oppenheimer
600,000 Americans Involved
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Little Boy and Fat Man
Hirohito Orders Surrender
The Yalta Conference
FDR, Stalin, Churchill
Compromise on the fate of Germany
Soviet help with Japan
Germany split into 4 sections
The Nuremberg War Trials
12 of 24 sentenced to death
200 more found guilty later on
Occupation of Japan
MacArthur in charge
Trials-Tojo sentenced to death
From Pearl Harbor
Opportunity and Adjustment
Unemployment almost disappeared
Machinery and Farm equipment improved
Women were employed and paid more
Blacks left the south in huge numbers
Jobs available in industry
Internment of Japanese Americans
110,000 Japanese interned on the West Coast
Many Japanese already in the military
No charges or proof ever given
Japanese American Citizens League (JACL)
1965-Small percentage given back to the Japanese
In 1990, $20,000 was given to each interned person-Reagan/Bush
Think, Pair, Share
1. What do you think that the punishment for Nazi and Japanese officers should have been? More or less harsh?
2. Was it legitimate for Japanese Americans to be imprisoned?
3. Compare and contrast the effects of WWI and WWII on the United States.
Terms and Names Section 4