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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

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Caroline Varie

on 1 October 2013

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Transcript of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Caroline Varie
1646-1716
Background
Born in Leipzig, Germany
Full education in philosophy
Father was philosopher
Earned master's at age 18
Earned doctorate in law at age 20
Scattered essays, books, letters
Rationalist
Truth
A is A
A is not not-A
If it is true that A is B, then it is false that A isn’t B (i.e. false that A is not-B)
Gain truths through a priori, ordinary daily occurances
Works Cited
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/leibniz/#PriBes
http://www.gradesaver.com/candide/study-guide/section3/
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/leibniz-evil/
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/sufficient-reason/
http://www.webpages.uidaho.edu/mickelsen/texts/leibniz%20-%20theodicy.htm
http://spot.colorado.edu/~heathwoo/Phil100/leibniz.html

Optimism
Theodicy
Monadologie
Sufficient Reason

Contributions to philosophy
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Optimism & Sufficient Reason
Optimal vs optimism
Best of all
possible
worlds
Existence of God with evil? "... we can find no true or existent fact, no true assertion, without there being a sufficient reason why it is thus and not otherwise, although most of the time these reasons cannot be known to us" (The Monadology, 1714).
No way of knowing
Standards: Human happiness?
Theodicy
"I have wished to justify this denial by showing that the best plan is not always that which seeks to avoid evil, since it may happen that the evil is accompanied by a greater good" (Theodicy).
Candide
"And they who assert everything is right do not express themselves correctly; they should say that everything is best."

El Dorado: Isolated utopia, 1%

" (The river) widened steadily; finally it disappeared into a chasm of frightful rocks that rose high into the heavens."
Vicissitudes of life
With every up there is a down

Full transcript