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Civil Rights Movement
Transcript of Civil Rights Movement
famous "I have a dream" speech. the largest Civil Rights demonstration EVER. 1962 Malcolm X becomes a minister and . . . a champion 1787 only three fifths of a man. In 1787 the United States Constitution is ratified.The states make compromises on their opinions on the slaves, natives, and territory problems. It is decided that they will count as 3/5 of a white man. 1831-1861 the Underground Railroad begins. 1857 The Dred Scott case 1861 The Civil War starts 1865 The 13th amendment is put into play 1957 1961 1965 1966 1967 1967 a sit-in is held in Greensboro, North Carolina by four college students. After being told they can't be served because of their race they refuse to leave. They continue to show up at Woolworth's lunch counter day after day, bringing others with them to protest. the freedom riders begin The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) is founded and begins their freedom rides in the South as an attempt to de-segregate interstate bus travel. In 1963 he became a national minister of the Nation of Islam. Malcolm X rejects the idea of a non-violent civil rights movement and becomes a champion of African American separatism and black pride. the military gets involved For the first time since reconstruction the military is used to enforce African American civil rights. In Little Rock, Arkansas soldiers esort 9 African American students to their desegregated school. In 1955 Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat to a white person on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. She was arrested and sent to jail. Little did Parks know, she just started the African American boycott of the bus system. In the
U. S. supreme court ruled that segregating buses in Montgomery was unconstitutional. 1956 The Supreme Court rules unanimously against school segregation. Plessy v. Ferguson, which was decided in 1896, is now disregarded. Race riots in Watts. A series of race riots break out in the Watts area of Los Angeles. 34 are dead and roughly a thousand are hurt. The underlying cause seemed to be unemployment and poor living conditions among the African Americans living in L. A. but was blamed on the reckless driving of a African American man who was sent to jail. the Black Panther Party Thurgood Marshall Edward W. Brooke Thurgood Marshall becomes the first African American justice on the Supreme court. He is part of the Supreme court from 1967 to 1991. In 1966 Hury P. Newton and Bobby Seales started the Black Panther Party, a radical black power group, in Oakland, California. It becomes a national organization that supports food, education, and health care programs for African American communities who need it. Fort Sumter, in Charleston, South Carolina is attacked, beginning the Civil War. For the next four years the states will fight over the issue of slavery. Let the Reconstruction era
begin! Slavery is outlawed by the thirteenth amendment and the Freedmen's Bureau is put into effect to help former slaves. It is decided by the Supreme Court that African Americans are not citizens of the United States and that Congress has no say in restricting slavery in federal territories. About 75,000 slaves escape to the North in search of freedom using the Underground Railroad. The escape slaves are helped by white "conductors", abolitionists, and sympathizers who provide shelter and directions to the North. Harriet Tubman played a huge roll in the railroad. Works Cited. . "Timeline." African American World. pbs, 2011. Web. 10 Oct 2012. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/aaworld/timeline.html>.
Danzer, Gerald, J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry Krieger, Louis Wilson, and Nancy Woloch. The Americans Reconstruction to the 21st Century. McDougal Littell, 2007. Print.
From Emmett Till to Barack Obama. 2008. Photograph. TimeWeb. 10 Oct 2012. <http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1866753,00.html>. 1959 Motown Edward Brooke was elected to the United States senate as a Republican from Boston. He was the first African American senate after reconstruction. 1963 bombing in Birmingham On September 15th of 1963 the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama was bombed. It was an act of terrorism with racial motives. Four African American girls were killed in the destruction. Motown Records is founded in Detroit, MI. It will later go on to feature popular artists like Micheal Jackson, Lionel Ritchie, Queen Latifah, and Glady Knight. Records 2008 vote Obama. Barack Obama becomes the first African American to be President. 1991 simply, BET. Black Entertainment Television Holdings, Inc., founded by Robert L. Johnson, becomes the first African American listed on the New York stock exchange.