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war of 1812 : history project
Transcript of war of 1812 : history project
fame.... What about Mary Henry.... Mary Henry..... I chose to do a project on her because
I believe that she didn't get the fame she
deserved! She did an act less deed that saved
many, many people! She is a TRUE HERO! During the war, a bunch of American
ships sailed over and attacked The Niagara Region, (Niagara on the Lake) .... During this gruesome battle, also known as the battle of Fort George, she raced from her light house to help those in need! When the war was over she let the wounded stay and get better again at her light house. The Americans burnt down most of Fort George. After some renovations, that didn't take away what it used to look like it. Now it looks like this: Niagara was Canada's first upper Canada capital. Soon York (Toronto) became the capital. this was changed because there were afraid that the Americans were going to attack. Were they to late or did they do it after this battle? What do you believe? More about Mary Henry (Maddin).... Mary was born in County Antrim, Ireland. She married Dominic Henry who was an artillery gunner, who was from County Derry in 1790. In 1803, Dominic was appointed the keeper of the first light house in the town of Niagara! By: Jacob What was the battle like? There is little known about Mary, but her story
will live on. She got nothing from her selfless act
until later on when she got L25 (pounds sterling) granted from the Loyal and Patriotic Society of Upper Canada. They recognized Mary’s courage and called her “a heroine not to be frightened.” “Suddenly they saw a vision. Walking calmly through the shower of iron hail came Mary Madden Henry with hot coffee and food, seemingly as unconcerned as if she were in her own small garden on the shore on a Summer evening before peace was shattered. Time and again she went and came back with more sustenance, apparently guarded by some unseen angel from the peril which menaced her every step. Through the day until darkness brought respite she was caterer and nurse, the only woman in the company to bind the wounds of those maimed in the fight. These who survived never forgot that day, nor the courage of Mary Henry.” On December 10, 1813 the Americans abandoned Fort George and Niagara. They burnt the entire town on the way. The people living there, mostly older men, women and children, were given an hour’s warning before they were forced to leave their homes and all that they owned to burn. The weather was horrible and many people starved while they looked for shelter. Because it was helpful for shipping for both the Americans and the British, the lighthouse and keepers house were not burned down. Mary helped many people out of the cold and provided medical care, hot drinks and food. “Many a family was saved that night by the hospitality of the old soldier’s wife.” Months later.... - quoit found from: Laura Secord seems to have received much more attention and is the only well-known heroine of the war. Laura’s life was never at risk during her famous walk, she never encountered danger. Mary Henry’s act of selfless bravery should not be forgotten. This is why I believe Mary is a real hero! At any time she could have died, got shot or injured. she walked the battle field and helped many, many people. Why is Mary a real hero? The following map shows what Canada looked like
in 1813. This map shows the various areas were battles took place: As you can see from the map, the Americans
were trying to sneak in and attack upper Canada.
These is why they wanted to take over Fort George.
They wanted to use it to take over and control upper
Canada! There is not a lot of things you can find online about her. Fort George is on the west side of the Niagara River in the town of Niagara-on-the-Lake. The British built the fort during 1796 and 1799. They built it as a replacement for Fort Niagara which is on the other side. Because of the term's of Jay's Treaty, they were forced to leave. The new fort also was the headquarters of the Right Division of the British army under General Sir Isaac Brock during the War of 1812 and the British Indian Department in Upper Canada. The battle of Fort George which happened 25-27 May 1813. This was the first American victory near Niagara during the War of 1812. It was actually the second phase of General Henry Dearborn’s campaign for 1813. These phases were to happen around Lake Ontario. The first phase of the plan was an attack on York (Toronto), which was the capital of Upper Canada. This would be after the attack on Fort George. And finally an attack on Kingston, which was the main British naval base on Lake Ontario. The Plan of General Henry Dearborn's.... Mary Henry's final days... Mary lived a long and happy life. There are no records
that i could find that said her cause of death. She and her Husband took care of the light house. Time line: Mary Henry and Dominic Henry was appointed First lighthouse keepers! With the loyalists help,
the town of Niagara ,
was built. The first lighthouse in upper Canada was built! On May 27-29 1813,
The American's lead
5000 soldiers across
lake Ontario and attacked Fort George Months later during
December of that year, the Americans
left the Fort and burnt down the fort and town. American's take over
Fort George. The women and children
living there hide in the storage room that holds the gun powder The light house was
the only building not
burnt down. Mary let
people stay there and
fed them and offered aid. http://1812.gc.ca/eng/1317828221939/1317828660198#a13 Henry Dearborn was a doctor, soldier, politician, military figure in the War of 1812. He studied medicine and began practicing in Nottingham Square, New Hampshire. He fought in the American Revolution and soon became lieutenant colonel. Dearborn was discharged in 1783, and moved to Maine (which was Massachusetts at the time) and in 1787 became a major general of militia. A little more about Henry.... Mary's grave: Henry was a commander way to old for battle. He was part of the American Revolution. He earned a reputation as an exemplary officer. After that war, Dearborn became a respected man and a major general of the Maine militia and a member of state congress. Thomas Jefferson was so impressed that he offered him the post of Secretary of War. In the war of 1812 Dearborn accepted the role of senior major general of the army. But he was not fit, psychologically or physically for the job. Henry Dearborn.... When 1812 came to an end, the U.S. army had been beaten at Detroit and Queenston. They also had failed to establish a foothold in Canada. Dearborn requested that the President, Madison, accept his resignation. Madison denied his request. He was hoping that replacing William Eus with John Armstrong as Secretary of War would make things better. But Armstrong and Dearborn disagreed about concentrating efforts on Kingston, so, Dearborn convinced Armstrong to attack York and Fort George. This is how the attack on Fort George began. When the Americans left Niagara Peninsula, the President granted Dearborn his offer. Henry Dearborn was born in Hampton, New Hampshire, on 23 February 1751. He studied medicine under Dr. Hall Jackson at Portsmouth and married Mary Bartlett, in 1771. He was chosen captain for the military company. He was part of many battles including the battle of Bunker (Breed's) Hill and the battle of Monmouth. In 1779, he married his second wife, Dorcas Marble. After many battles he returned to Maine. He captured York (Toronto) and Fort George, in 1813. In 1815 he served as minister to Portugal 1822-1824. Finally he died at Roxbury, Massachusetts, on 6 June 1829. I found lots on Henry Dearborn but only
put what I believe was important! THE END!!!!! sources:
http://www.eighteentwelve.ca/?q=eng/Topic/45 http://1812.gc.ca/eng/1317828221939/1317828660198 http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/11/17/heroines-of-war-of-1812-received-little-recognition-for-their-actions/ http://www.niagaragreenbelt.com/listings/55-historic-sites/897-mary-henrys-story-at-fort-george.html http://www.niagaragreenbelt.com/listings/55-historic-sites/897-mary-henrys-story-at-fort-george.html http://www.eighteentwelve.ca/?q=eng/Topic/18 http://www.history.army.mil/books/CG&CSA/Dearborn-H.htm http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/people/dearborn.html VIDEO'S:
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