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Abortion

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İsra Tekin

on 6 April 2014

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Transcript of Abortion

ABORTION

Abortion in Turkey
In June,2012 the Turkish Criminal Code was changed where the maximum pregnancy period before an abortion could take place was reduced from 20 to 10 weeks.

Although some citizens found this change logical, there were a lot of them who disapproved this law and protested against the government.

The doctors to do abortion after 10 weeks of pregnancy will be charged with 2-4 years of jail time where the mother will be charged with 1 year.


Thus, the question of abortion's necessity, parents' roles and religious views were raised in order to reach a conclusion on the society and the government's views of it.
What is Abortion?
Why Do Women Choose Abortion?
Why Should Women Not Have Abortion?
-It causes pain.
-Unborn babies should have the privilege to live and grow into a normal person. (Humanitarian reasons)
-Level of development and size do not determine worth.
-Religious reasons.
-Conscience of the mother.
-Children are worth making sacrifices for.

Abortion in Christianity
"The Church of England combines strong opposition to abortion with a recognition that there can be - strictly limited - conditions under which it may be morally preferable to any available alternative."
General Synod
Isra Tekin
Abortion is the removal
or expulsion from the
uterus of a fetus or embryo
prior to viability.
It can be done naturally by miscarriage or purposely induced.

The abortion pill:
1. First the women is given the drug mifepristone, which blocks a hormone needed to make fertilised eggs stick to the womb lining.
2.After 48 hours, the woman is given a different drug, which triggers contractions and bleeding and causes the foetus to be expelled from her body.
3.Medical abortion can be used in the first 7 weeks of a pregnancy, while surgical abortion is usually delayed until 6 weeks or later. The earlier an abortion is performed, the safer it is for the woman.

• abortion for the sake of the mother's health
• including her mental health
• abortion where a pregnancy is the result of a crime
• such as crimes like rape, incest, or child abuse
• abortion where the child of the pregnancy would have an ' unacceptable quality of life' such as cases where the child would have
• serious physical handicaps,
• serious genetic problems,
• serious mental defects
• abortion for social reasons, including:
• poverty,
• mother unable to cope with a child (or another child),
• mother being too young to cope with a child
• abortion as a matter of government policy
• as a way of regulating population size
• as a way of regulating groups within a population
• as a way of improving the population
Responsibilities of the Mother:
Dilation and evacuation:
In this method the woman's cervical canal is enlarged with tools called dilators. When the canal is sufficiently enlarged the womb is emptied by suction, or by having its contents scraped out with a tool called a curette.
A person should accept the consequences of risks that she knowingly and willingly takes:
-a woman who willingly has sexual intercourse knows that she takes the risk of bringing a fetus/moral person into existence
-therefore a woman who becomes pregnant should accept the pregnancy as the consequence of taking the risk involved in sexual intercourse
-therefore the woman has a duty of care to the fetus/moral person
-therefore she should allow the resulting fetus/moral person to be born
-therefore she should not abort the fetus/moral person
Responsibilities of the Father:
Once a man has parted with his sperm he is considered totally responsible for any pregnancy that results, and for the child thereafter. Few people would think it morally right for the man to demand an abortion in order to escape his responsibilities.
Rights of the Mother:
Women have a moral right to decide what to do with their bodies:
-the right to abortion is vital for gender equality
-the right to abortion is vital for individual women to achieve their full potential
-banning abortion puts women at risk by forcing them to use illegal abortionists
-the right to abortion should be part of a portfolio of pregnancy rights that enables women to make a truly free choice whether to end a pregnancy
Rights of the Father:
The father has the right to have children when:
-he wants children but she doesn't
-she deceives him by failing to tell him that she doesn't want a family
-he devotes himself to her and the much wanted family
-she accidentally becomes pregnant
-he is delighted but she aborts the unborn child
All of women's aspirations--whether for education, work, or any form of self-determination--ultimately rest on their ability to decide whether and when to bear children.
Susan Faludi
The Church of England encourages people to think through the issue of abortion very carefully and recognizes that each individual will have differing views on the subject.


The Roman Catholic Church says that deliberately causing an abortion is a grave moral wrong.

It bases this doctrine on natural law and on the written word of God.

The Church says that human life begins when the woman's egg is fertilised by a male sperm.

From that moment a unique life begins, independent of the life of the mother and father. The features that distinguish us from our parents - the colour of our eyes, the shape of our face - are all laid down in the genetic code that comes into existence then.

Each new life that begins at this point is not a potential human being but a human being with potential.
Pope John Paul II took a very strong line on abortion, describing it as murder.
"Frequently man lives as if God did not exist, and even puts himself in God's place... He claims for himself the Creator's right to interfere in the mystery of human life. Rejecting divine law and moral principles, he openly attacks the family."
Pope John Paul II, 2002
"The Vatican, under the present pope, has continued to equate contraception with abortion - both being seen as a "culture of death". At John Paul II's first synod of his reign, convened in 1980 on the family and sexuality, some bishops attempted to raise the issue of contraception. Despite a special commission reporting to Pope Paul VI that contraception was not "intrinsically evil", the new pontiff swiftly reaffirmed the absolute ban laid down in Paul VI's harsh 1960 encyclical, Humanae Vitae. John Paul II's belief was that procreation must be "the fruit of a covenant ... of a man and woman joined in marriage"."
You gotta have soul
, The Guardian.
Abortion in Islam
Muslims regard abortion as wrong and haram (forbidden), but many accept that it may be permitted in certain cases.

All schools of Muslim law accept that abortion is permitted if continuing the pregnancy would put the mother's life in real danger. This is the only reason accepted for abortion after 120 days of the pregnancy.
The Qur'an does not explicitly refer to abortion but offers guidance on related matters. Scholars accept that this guidance can properly be applied to abortion
Kill not your offspring for fear of poverty; it is We who provide for them and for you. Surely, killing them is a great sin.
Qur'an 17:32
But Islam is also a religion of compassion, and if there are serious problems, God sometimes doesn't require his creatures to practice his law. So under some conditions--such as parents' poverty or overpopulation--then abortion is allowed,
Grand Ayatollah Yusuf Saanei quoted in Los Angeles Times, December 29, 2000

Roe v. Wade was a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States in 1973. It made abortion legal in many circumstances. The decision said that a woman's right to privacy extended to the unborn child. This meant that she could do what she wanted to with the child.
References
Abortion. (n.d.).
BBC News
. Retrieved December 5, 2013, from
http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/abortion/
Photographers' Blog. (n.d.).
Photographers Blog RSS
. Retrieved December 5, 2013, from
http://blogs.reuters.com/photographers-blog/tag/abortion/
Roe v. Wade. (1971, December 13).
Roe v. Wade
. Retrieved December 3, 2013, from
http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics USSC_CR_0410_0113_ZS.html
Woman sues over Catholic hospitals' abortion rule. (n.d.).
USA Today
. Retrieved December 4, 2013, from
http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2013/12/02/woman-sues-over-catholic-hospitals-abortion-rule/3821319/
You gotta have soul. (2005, April 4).
The Guardian
. Retrieved December 5, 2013, from
http://www.theguardian.com/science/2005/apr/04/pope.religion
In conclusion, abortion must be a necessity and not an option in order to be accepted by the society and the government. Based on the conditions that cause this necessity, the psychological consequences of it and the religious views that shape and struct the views of the society, it can be said that abortion is a controversial topic around different parts of the world.
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