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The History of Human Flight

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Morgan Seftel

on 17 September 2015

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Transcript of The History of Human Flight

by Morgan Luc Seftel
The History of Human Flight
The Wright Brothers
Other Attempts at Flight
Necessary Components of a Practical Airplane
The Evolution of the Airplane
Charles Lindbergh
Chuck Yeager
The Boeing 747
Thank You
an english monk
Otto Litienthal
Samuel Langley
Octave Chanute
wings
engine
control system
a testing area
a inventing area
other attempts at flight
necessary components of a practical airplane
the process in creating an airplane
the final product
The Process in Creating an Airplane
The Final Product
perfecting the original
military use
commercial use
withstanding rough conditions
Perfecting the Original
Military Use
Commercial Use
Withstanding Rough Conditions
they decided to remodel after several crashes
a 179lbs, 12 horse power engine
connected the wings to the tail
collected first propeller data
the Wright's Flyer was inspired by birds
the pilot controlled the plane with elevators and levers
pyramid pulley system and a 60 foot metal track
early piloting life
the competition
getting the proper plane
the flight
the Wright Type A Flyer
demonstrated it's abilities for the contracts
Wilbur went to Paris, France
the Fokker D.VII had a steel fuselage
Eugene Ruchonnet, Armand Deperdussin, and Louis Bechereau created the Monocoque design
semi-Monocoque design has stressed metal skin
Zeppelin Staaken E.420 was designed Dr. Adolf Rohrbach
Hughes H-4 Hercules was designed by Howard Hughes
early life
early flying career
the sound barrier
the flight
planes were in no shape for military use
the SPAD was the first to make sharp turns
the Boeing B-17 was the most rugged plane of World War II
in 1920 the first camouflaged plane was developed
replaced with the Fokker D.VII which was more reliable
Early Piloting Life
The Competition
Getting the Proper Plane
The Flight
Early Life
Early Flying Career
The Flight
The Sound Barrier
Conclusion
the U.S. Signal Corps and a French plane manufacturer
shut down for 2.5yrs
Orville went to Fort Meyer, Virginia
began after World War I
Germany made the Junker F13 and America made the Ford Trimotor
the Northrop Alpha was the first for practical mail transport
the Boeing 200 Monomail had the first retractable landing gear
the Boeing 247 was the most technologically advanced
a practical airplane
the reinvention process
pushing the boundaries of endurance
born 2/4/1902 in Detroit, Michigan
good with mechanics
trained with Arnold Bahl in Lincoln, Nebraska
made money barnstorming 1922
joined the U.S. Army flight program 1924
transported mail 1925
a solo flight over the Atlantic
made by Raymond Orteig
prize $25,000
began 1919 ended 1924 but was extended 5yrs
solved by the Lawrence Aero-Engine Corporation with the Wright J-5
Harry H. Knight provided $15,000
Claude Ryan
a monoplane with a Wright J-5 engine
held 400 gallons of fuel and 4,000mi range
5,250lbs
latest flight instruments
landed in Garden City, Long Island from Los Angeles, California
Richard Byrd allowed Lindbergh Roosevelt Feild
took off 7/4/1927
flew 3,610mi
once fell asleep and nearly lost an engine
hail, monsoons, blizzards, sandstorms, hurricanes, etc.
stressed skin for high pressure
instruments for finding current weather and radios
pushing the boundaries of speed
pushing the boundaries of transportation
born 2/13/1923 in Myra, West Virginia
mechanics/science/math/hunting
enlisted in the army 1941
began basic flight training 1942
357th fighter group
best in squad totaling at 13 enemy planes shot down
became a government testing pilot
"wall in the sky"
when an object would travel faster than air could move away
air compressed into shock waves
frost the windshield and stop the controls
took data to prepare and traveled at mach .84
the X-1 only had 2.5min
a B-29 brought it up to 26,000ft
altitude 45,000ft, speed mach 1.07 (814.5mph)
shift in demand
practical commercial plane
competition
meeting standards
Shift in Demand
Competition
Meeting Standards
Practical Commercial Plane
after WWII
wartime commercial
Boeing had a head start
Douglas had a quick change
Douglas (DC-9)
B-247 - newest equipment
307 Stratoliner - pressurized cabin
B-737 - large jet
needed more profit per flight
many passengers and cargo
more weight=less passengers and cargo
larger wings and better engine
approved as safe in 1969
rollout gained popularity
27 willing airlines
gain enough money to repay funding debts
no system failure could crash the plane
unchangeable parts would last
Full transcript