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Transcript of Human Rights
2. Result of the experience of WWII
3. Commission on the document was made up of 18 members from around the world
4. Eleanor Roosevelt, René Cassin, Charles Malik, Peng Chung Chang, and John Humphrey chaired the drafting committee
5. Essentially every country has ratified the document since its creation Human Rights-rights derived from one’s basic humanity
They are not privileges
There are no restrictions on who the rights apply to-EVERYONE has these rights
The problem is, not everyone is granted these rights Declaration Breakdown 30 articles
Liberty Rights (civil and political): ex. the right to freedom of expression
Equality Rights (socio-economic): ex. the right to food, shelter and clothing, etc.
Problem: Not Legally Binding Discussion Question 1. Which article is the most important right of a human in your opinion? 2. What human rights violations have you personally witnessed? Human Rights Violations How often do they occur? Continuously occurring all over the world How are these rights enforceable? since the UDHR is not part of binding international law, member States are under no legal obligation to grant their citizens these rights
used to apply moral and diplomatic pressure Human Rights in Current Events-Syria What is going on in Syria? Been on the Human Rights Watch list for years
Under Emergency Rule for 48 years-the government could control where/when/if the people could protest
violation of Article 20-Freedom to peaceful assembly
violation of Article 19-no freedom of speech, websites censored, bloggers detained
Violation of Article 13-Travel ban Current Situation http://abcnews.go.com/WNT/video/inside-syria-battle-damascus-18533030 Culture vs. Rights Discussion: Can a universal declaration be applied to all countries despite the drastic differences in culture and ideals? http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-19331551 The conflict Both sides, the government and the rebel forces are violating Human Rights
Government accused of committing war crimes and crimes against humanity
Human Rights Watch accused the Assad government of creating an "archipelago of torture centers"
Unlawful killings, torture, arbitrary arrest, shelling civilian areas, systematic destruction of property, denial of food and water
Violates Article 3-Right to life
5-subjected to torture or cruel, inhuman punishment
9-no one should be subjected to arbitrary arrest
25-Standard living adequte for the well being-food, clothing Crimes 3. What examples of human rights violations have you seen in the news?
4. Does the government have the right to take away someone’s human rights, ex the right to be free, if they violate a law or are harming others?
5. Do you think that universal human rights laws can be applied to every country and every culture? Or does it take away from cultural diversity? Discussion Questions Activity