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Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

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by

Luci Ostheimer

on 7 October 2015

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Transcript of Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

Some Context...
Standard church music prior to Palestrina were Gregorian Chants, which were monophonic with no harmonies and later on evolved to have discordent and complex shell harmonies
Born in 1525 Praeneste, Italy
What Palestrina did...
Palestrina, along with other composers of the Renaissance, used "true harmonies" (major, minor) to create polyphonic pieces. One of his most well known pieces is "Missa Papae Marcelli", written in honor of his friend Pope Marcellus II who died 3 weeks after becoming pope.
Because very little music from the Classical civilizations was saved, direct emulation was impossible. Instead, Palestrina translated the principles of Classic art; simplicity, balance, order, and clarity; into his music. His goal was to create music in its purist form. Each note belongs to a true harmony (a chord) and the chords progress continuously throughout the piece, giving a sense of order. The individual
voices are woven together, creating balance and a sense of unity, although each plays a very important part.
Also, many objected to this style because of how layered and hard to follow it is. Instead of the focus being on the beauty of God's words, the focus is on the beauty of the music. This implies that the beauty of God can be shown, not told, and can be found in anything.
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
Palestrina was a revolutionary composer in the 1500s who popularized the use of polyphony (harmonies) in the
Catholic Church.
Died in 1594 in Rome, Italy
Achievements
Composed 105 masses, 250 motets (short pieces of choral music), and many hymns, psalms, and madrigals (sung secular poems)
Was given the title of Master of Music at the Vatican Basilica in 1578
Made harmonies a acceptable in liturgical music.
Humanism in
"Missa Papae Marcelli"
Thank You
Full transcript