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Transcript of Mali
Andy Hogan, Ricky Lanclos, Kenzie Howard, and Brian Li City/Geography Government Timbuktu is 16.75 N 3.07 W
Timbuktu was originally a Tuareg seasonal camp in the 1100s.
Timbuktu is 8 miles north of the Niger River.
It is on the edge of the Sahara Desert.
Timbuktu is important as a caravan trade route post.
It was important a center for Islam that spread out into Africa.
Timbuktu was also a center for Islamic scholarly learning. Marriage is one of the most important celebrations in the Mali community.
3 different forms of marriage:
Religious (mostly Muslim)
One marriage celebration can last for several years.
The rituals of bride-wealth and the giving of gifts from the groom’s family can be very financially pressuring.
Age and children increase the woman’s status.
Can have more than one wife if they decide on it before marriage. (Polygyny). Social Structure -Names: Sunni Islamic and Christianity are practiced
-Major Ceremonies: Ramadan, selijinin, Christian holidays
-The Gods: Allah and the Jewish God Religion Writing and Literature Djenne clay figures.
They were made of Terra Cotta (Fired Clay).
No Outside influences. Art Ancient Mali government was composed of three parts:
A powerful ruler
Governors over each providence of the empire
Mayors in each village
Djenne was an important gold trade center.
In between the Niger and Bani Rivers.
Djenne is 220 miles southwest of Timbuktu.
Djenne region has annual flooding of Niger River.
Geography of Mali:
Savannah in southern half of Mali.
The North West extends into the Sahara Desert.
Central and Southern region has annual flood cycle of the Niger River. This system let the ruler have more time dealing with important matters of the empire, and the local rulers easily manage local issues. - Names: French and Bambara
- Bambara is used as a lingua franca
- Very low literacy rate Women worked alongside the men in agricultural activities until they reach menopause age.
Women were active in the trade of food and raw materials, while men sell manufactured goods.
They are less represented than men were from the political standpoint.
They have changed their ways over the generations because women now have important associations and can be active in politics. Gender roles Marriage Mansa Musa, a famous ruler. MODERN DAY MALI • Having 65% of its land areas being deserts Mali is one of the 25 poorest countries. • This country is highly dependent on other countries. Mali is a very dangerous place for children and women because of the high rate of human trafficking. •Many of the children ranging from 12-16 are taken. • Originally their parents were promised the children would get paid. • Save the Children Organization
o Food Security
o We are encouraged to help AMERICA'S INFLUENCE • Gold- nuggets exchanged for dust
• Salt- like gold in northern part
• Copper- traded in south for gold
• Niger river
o Kola nuts TRADE