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Basic 1. 문장의기초

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by

Hyesun Nam

on 4 December 2018

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Transcript of Basic 1. 문장의기초

1. 문장의 기초
SunnyKing English
조동사 문장
be동사 문장
일반동사 문장
can, will, must, may, should
am, are, is, was, were
get, take, have, make...
셋중에 하나!!
영어의 모든 문장은
현재 am ,are ,is / 일반 동사 원형
과거 was ,were / 일반 동사 과거
미래 will + be / will + 일반 동사 원형
현재진행 am ,are ,is + ~ing
과거진행 was ,were + ~ing
미래진행 will + be + ~ing
현재완료 have (has) + p.p
과거완료 had + p.p
미래완료 will have + p.p
현재완료진행 have (has) been ~ing
과거완료진행 had been ~ing
미래완료진행 will have been ~ing
현재수동태 am ,are ,is + p.p
과거수동태 was ,were + p.p
미래수동태 will + be + p.p
현재완료수동태 have (has) + been + p.p
과거완료수동태 had + been + p.p
미래완료수동태 will have +been + p.p
현재진행수동태 am ,are ,is + being + p.p
과거진행수동태 was ,were + being + p.p
미래진행수동태 will + be + being + p.p
현재완료진행수동태 have + been + being + p.p
과거완료진행수동태 had + been + being + p.p
미래완료진행수동태 will + have + been + being + p.p
He will be able to walk.
He
will not
be able to walk.
Will
he be able to walk?
-> Yes, he will. / No, he won't.
He will help us.
He
will not
help us.
Will
he help us?
-> Yes, he will. / No, he won't.
The room was empty.
The room
was not
empty.
Was
the room empty?
-> Yes, it was. / No, it wasn't.
His cousins are watching TV.
His cousins are
not
watching TV.
Are
his cousins watching TV?
-> Yes, they are. / No, they aren't.
She has lived in Rome all her life.
She has
not
lived in Rome all her life.
Has
she lived in Rome all her life?
-> Yes, she has. / No, she hasn't.
Sue has been taking a shower for 1 hour.
Sue has
not
been taking a shower for 1 hour.
Has
Sue been taking a shower for 1 hour?
-> Yes, she has. / No, she hasn't.
The information was given to the police
The information was
not
given to the police.
Was
the information given to the police?
-> Yes, it was. / No, it wasn't.
The wagon is being drawn by two horses.
The wagon is
not
being drawn by two horses.
Is
the wagon being drawn by two horses.
-> Yes, it is. / No, it isn't.
Many trees have been planted by us.
Many trees have
not
been planted by us.
Have
many trees been planted by us?
-> Yes, they have. / No, they haven't.
They enjoy swimming in the river.
They
don't
enjoy swimming in the river.
Do
they enjoy swimming in the river?
-> Yes, they do. / No, they don't.
He wants me to be happy.
He
doesn't want
me to be happy.
Does
he
want
me to be happy?
-> Yes, he does. / No, he doesn't.
He told jokes to his friends.
He
didn't
tell jokes to his friends.
Did
he tell jokes to his friends?
-> Yes, he did. / No, he didn't.
의문문
의문사가 없는 의문문
의문사가 있는 의문문
1. 조동사 의문문
Can
you speak English?
Will
you marry me?
2. Be 동사 의문문
Are
you happy?
Is
she smart?
3. 일반동사 의문문
Do
you like it?
Does
he run fast?
1. 의문사 + 의문사가 없는 의문문
When

will
you go there?
Where

are
you going?
2. 의문사 + 동사 ~?
Who
broke the window?
What
happened?
How

do
you
know
?
너는 언제 돌아올거니? (come back)
You will come back.
Will
you come back?
When
will you come back?
너는 얼마나 오랫동안 여기에 살았니?
(have lived here)
You have lived here.
Have
you lived here?
너는 어디에 이것을 샀니? (get this)
You got this.
Did
you get this?
Where
did you get this?
그는 어떻게 학교에 가니? (go to school)
He goes to school
Does
he go to school?
How
does he go to school?
너는 무엇을 할 예정이니? (be going to do)
You are going to do.
Are
you going to do?
What
are you going to do?
그는 왜 너에게 화가났니? (be mad at)
He is mad at you.
Is
he mad at you?
Why
is he mad at you?
How long
have you lived here?
누가 그 케이크를 먹었니?
Who ate the cake?
무엇이 너를 화나게 만들었니? (angry)
What made you angry?
S
V
S
V
예외
What if 주어 + 동사~?
만약 S가 V라면 어떨까?
What if aliens are living with us?
How come 주어 + 동사~?
어째서 S가 V인가?
How come you didn't invite Bart?
현재 : have, has been + ing
과거 : had been + ing
미래 : will have been + ing
진행형 시제
be동사 + ~ing
완료시제
have + p.p
수동태
be동사 + p.p
완료진행형 시제
현재 : am, are, is + ing
과거 : was, were + ing
미래 : will be + ing
현재 : have, has + p.p
과거 : had + p.p
미래 : will have + p.p
현재 : am, are, is + p.p
과거 : was, were + p.p
미래 : will be + p.p
be ~ing
have been ~ing
have p.p
현재 : am, are, is + being p.p
과거 : was, were + being p.p
미래 : will be + being p.p
진행형 수동태
be p.p
be being p.p
be ~ing
현재 : have, has + been p.p
과거 : had + been p.p
미래 : will have + been p.p
완료 수동태
be p.p
have been p.p
have p.p
현재 : have, has + been being p.p
과거 : had been being + p.p
미래 : will have been being + p.p
완료 진행형 수동태
be ~ing
be p.p
have p.p
have been being p.p
who : 누가
whose : 누구의, 누구의 것
what : 무엇, 무슨
which : 어떤 것, 어떤
when : 언제
where : 어디서
how : 어떻게
why : 왜
how many: 얼마나 많은 (수)
how much: 얼마나 많은 (양)
how often : 얼마나 자주
how old : 나이
how tall : 키
how far : 거리
how long : 길이, 시간
현재 진행형의 부정문은...
과거 완료의 의문문은...
그러는거 아냐!!
Full transcript