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The Five Stages of Artistic Development

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Amber Kottke

on 13 February 2014

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Transcript of The Five Stages of Artistic Development

(2-4 years)
Four sub-stages: Disordered, Longitudinal, Circular, Naming
Disordered-uncontrolled mark making due to age and motor functions
Longitudinal-controlled, repetitive marks, enjoy feeling of drawing
Circular-ability to create more complex shapes
Naming-scribbles used to tell stories
focused more on personal interest than the picture as a whole
interested in using fantasy as subject matter
(7-9 years)
Emphasis given to what the child perceives as most important about the subject
Color appears "natural"
Definite order in space relationships: everything sits on the base line
What are the 5 stages?
Theory written by Viktor Lowenfield in 1947
Ages 2 to 11 years
Progresses from scribbling to pseudorealism
Rate of development is influenced by internal and external factors
Interpret children's visual art expressions
Used as a framework to provide age-appropriate art projects
The Five Stages of Artistic Development
by: Amber Kottke
(4-7 Years)
Development of stick people and animals
Space is not understood
Communicate through symbols
Dawning Realism
(9-12 years)
Children begin to compare their work and become more critical of it
More detail for individual parts of a drawing
Use of shading and combining colors
Overlapping objects
Ground plane
Horizon line rather than base line
Stick Figures
more complex shapes and lines
(ages 12+)
Become increasingly conscious of details and proportion
Visual - artist views work logically and is interested in the image at the end
Use a more adult-like mode of expression
random scribbles
focused on action of drawing
use of unrealistic color
Use of Space
Incorporates grass
Long legs symbolize the artist is progressing to the next stage of development because they are grounding the person
natural color
child makes the drangonfly bigger than everything else making it the most important thing in the picture
splashes off of the umbrella indicate the child was paying a lot of attention to detail
Horizontal line
Overlapping objects
pays attention to shading and perspective of picture as a whole
controlled scribbles
space relationship
everything on a base line
combining colors
Viktor Lowenfeld
Lowenfeld's 1947 Creative and Mental Growth was published and became the single most influential textbook in art education.
Born in Linz, Austria in 1903, Viktor Lowenfeld had always been drawn to the arts.
Lowenfeld joined the Hampton Institute in Virginia in 1939 as assistant professor of Industrial Arts, studio art teacher, and later Chairman of the Art Department. In 1945 he was named curator of the distinguished collection of Black African Art at the Hampton Institute. Lowenfeld came to The Pennsylvania State University as professor of Art Education in 1946. Ten years later he became head of the newly founded Department of Art Education. He stayed in this position until his death in 1960.
Dawning Realism
The 5 Stages of Artistic
Full transcript