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Battle of Monmouth
Transcript of Battle of Monmouth
With the French entry into the American Revolution in February 1778, British strategy
in America began to shift. Having captured the rebel capital of Philadelphia in 1777, the
British decided to abandon the city the following spring to focus on protecting their base
at New York. On June 18, 1778, the newly appointed commander of the British Army in America, General Sir Henry Clinton, began evacuating the city, with his troops crossing the Delaware at Cooper's Ferry. Moving northeast, Clinton initially planned to march
overland to New York, but later opted to move towards Sandy Hook and take boats to the city. 8:00 on June 28, Lee's column encountered the British rear guard under Lieutenant General Lord Charles Cornwallis just north of Monmouth Court House. Rather than launch a coordinated attack, Lee committed his troops piecemeal and quickly lost control of the situation. After a few hours of fighting, the British moved to flank Lee's line. Seeing this movement, Lee ordered a general retreat after offering little resistance. Strategy Casualties for the Battle of Monmouth, as reported by each commander, were 69 killed, 37 dead from heat-stroke, 160 wounded, and 95 missing for the Continental Army and around 65 killed, 59 dead from heat-stroke, 170 wounded, 50 captured, and 14
missing for the British. Casualties Although neither side won the battle, Washington showed that it was possible for him to hold his ranks and lines without any “dirty tricks” used. This was the last battle fought in the Northern Theater as the British decided to move their protection southward for the plantations. The Battle of Monmouth helped the Americans realize that there was some chance in the war for them to win. The winning side of the table finally moved towards the Patriots side after this battle. Geography The geography of the battle of Monmouth was a plain. It was a mainly flat with little slopes!