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OSHA Chap 5: Incidents Prevention

AW101 - Occupational Safety & Health 1
by

ILHAM FITRIAH AHMAD SHUKRI

on 7 March 2013

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Transcript of OSHA Chap 5: Incidents Prevention


Chapter 5: Incidents Prevention Hazard - A source or a situation with a potential for harm to humans, property and damage of environment or a combination of these. A combination of likelihood of occurrence and severity of injury or damage.
EL-Eliminate
stop work, cover hazard
SL-Substitute
use other route, other material
IS-Isolation
put up temporary barrier
EC-Engineering Control
construct permanent wall
AC -Administration Control
put up notice, job rotation
PPE- Personal Protection Equipment
gloves, respirator Incident Hazard Risk Action &
Recomendation abnormal event, not wanted, that result from an abrupt, unexpected and accidental form that interrupts the normal continuity of the work

result - accident
- health loss
- property damage Types of Incidents 5 4 2 1 3 Local Village and Township Level City, Country or Fire District Level State or Metropolitan Area Level National and State Level National and State Level Unsafe Act Performance of a task or other activity that is conducted in a manner that may threaten the health and/or safety of workers. Unsafe Condition A condition in the work place that is likely to cause property damage or injury. Danger - Relative exposure to hazard. Classification of Hazard Mechanical Sharp points & edges, overload Electrical Insulation damaged or cover broken Biological Exposed, microorganism Chemical Expose to carcinogens chemical Ergonomics Expose to unnatural postures Psychological Stress or violent at workplace Hazard Identification To keep workplace safe and healthy Employers should make sure there are no hazards to which employees could be exposed.
Employers should look for hazards in advance as part of their risk management plan to prevent potential hazards.

The Process of Risk Management Classify Activities
(Work, Product, Services)
Identify Hazard
Assess The Risk
Risk Control
Review Risk Control
Identify Hazard Walk around your workplace and look at what could reasonably be expected to cause harm.
Ask your employees or their representatives what they think. They may have noticed things that are not immediately obvious to you.
Check manufacturers’ instructions or data sheets for chemicals and equipment as they can be very helpful in spelling out the hazards and putting them in their true perspective.
Have a look back at your accident and ill-health records – these often help to identify the less obvious hazards.
Remember to think about long-term hazards to health (eg high levels of noise or exposure to harmful substances) as well as safety hazards. Risk Assessment
the process of evaluating the risk to safety & health from hazards at work Type of Risk Assessment Qualitative Semi-Quantitative Quantitative How to Assess Risk? 1) Look for the Hazards
2) Decide who might be harmed & how
3) Evaluate the risk and check what is done to prevent it from happening
4) Record finding
5) Review assessment and revise it if necessary
Qualitative - (Use Risk Matrix)
-table scales for likelihood and severity Based on statistic
- Likelihood Qualitative Risk Table Severity Categories
1. First Aid
2. Less than 4 days M/C
3. More than 4 days M/C
4. Fatality & Permanent Disability
Likelihood Occurrence
1. Yearly
2. Monthly
3. Weekly
4. Daily
Semi-Quantitative Risk Table In cases where hazards are numerous and complex -eg; Chemical process plant Should have Job Safety Analysis (JSA) -describe job in less than 10 steps
-List things that can go wrong -eg; Changing a Car Wheel
Terima Kasih
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