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Moral Positivism & Sensism

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Gretchen Arranchado

on 18 October 2014

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Transcript of Moral Positivism & Sensism

THOMAS HOBBES
--> a theory stating
that morality is
based on the law
of the state
(Answers.com)

--> good which is in
accord with the
law; bad which is
prohibited
Theories: Moral Positivism
Commentary
Moral SENSISM
as to POSITIVISM . . .
- Nature was in a state of universal war.
- Mankind was in a state of war before the formation
of the State.
- Man is a wolf unto his fellowmen (Homo homini
lupus)
- Thus, there was no law, no morality, no distinction
between right and wrong.
- To end this state of war and anarchy, men came
together to form the State.

1. Moral Positivism
2. Moral Sensism

Morality
--> principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong or
good and bad behavior (Wikipedia.com)


--> a doctrine or conduct of moral system (Wikipedia.com)

The English philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) is best known for his political thought, and deservedly so. His vision of the world is strikingly original and still relevant to contemporary politics. His main concern is the problem of social and political order: how human beings can live together in peace and avoid the danger and fear of civil conflict. (www.iep.edu.com)
->Thus, laws, rights and duties were then established.
Morality then has it source, its origin from the laws of the State.

DEFECTS:
1. It makes morality relative.

= There are State Laws which are legal but not moral (Abortion, Death Penalty, Same Sex Marriage).

2. It reverses the natural order of things
= Before there was any State there was already human nature with all its natural and inviolable rights and the law (natural law) governing it.

Example:
Murder is always bad, even before there was any State law prohibiting it. Murder is forbidden by law and is wrong because it is clearly a violation against human nature.


->
Is an ethical theory which holds that man is endowed with a special moral
sense (other than reason) by virtue of which man distinguishes between right and wrong.

= The basis/source of morality is man’s senses; what a person’s feel about the human act.
= Good if I feel it is good; bad if I feel it is bad.

= This view expressed when we say he has “no sense of morality,” “no moral taste”.

DEFECTS:
1. It makes morality relative.

* Morality is not based on feelings/senses.

* Morality is not based on the mood of the person.

= A human act is good or bad based on the norms of morality which is conscience and natural law.
Full transcript