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5 Themes of Geography

Introduces students to the 5 themes of geography.
by

Latoya Scott

on 28 August 2014

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Transcript of 5 Themes of Geography

5 Themes of Geography
Enduring

Understanding
The 5 themes of geography affect the way people live.
Migration affects environments.
"The study of people, places, and the environment"
What is Geography?
Geography has 6 Essential Elements
Location
Place
Movement
Region
Human Environment Interaction
Location:
Describes where places are on earth
There are two types of locations
ABSOLUTE
: exact location on earth (fixed)
Does not change
Latitude/Longitude
Hemispheres
Grid System
Address
RELATIVE:
compared to other places (variable)
Miles
Distance
Direction
Changes dependent upon where you’re comparing it to
Place:
A place is defined by it’s unique characteristics.
There are two types of places.
Physical Characteristics
Specific to THAT place, not generic.
The way a place looks.
Created by nature.
Mountains
Rivers, Lakes, Seas
Examples:
Andes Mountains are in South America.
Amazon River flows through Brazil.
Pampas are located in Argentina.
The isthmus of Panama connects Central & South America.
Movement:
How people, goods, and ideas move from place to place?
Human Movement
Trucks, Trains, Planes
Information Movement
Phones, computer (email), mail
Idea Movement
How do trends move from place to place?
TV, Radio, Magazines
Region:
The world is divided into different regions based upon similarities & differences.
Climate
Location
Beliefs
Languages
Ethnicity/Race
Formal Region:
Regions defined by governmental or administrative boundaries (States, Countries, Cities)
Regions defined by similar characteristics
Location, Climate, religion, language
Ex. Central America (Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama)
Latin America (spanish-speaking nations)
Tropics (countries located near equator)
Perceptual Region:
Areas that provoke a certain stereotype or feeling
The Bronx
Ghetto
China Town
The Middle East
Human Environmental Interaction
The environment & people are interconnected.
Consequences to those actions depend upon how people choose to interact with the world and use their resources.
Positive/Negative
Intentional/Accidental
Favorable/Destructive
Current Environmental Issues:
Climate Change (global warming)
Energy Resources
Water Conservation
Deforestation
Your Task: Homework
Describe a day in your life using the five themes of geography.
Make sure you use every theme.
Underline the theme on your paper.

Example:
"My name is Mrs. Stevenson and I work at Landmark Middle School. Landmark's Absolute Location is 101 Kernan Blvd. N. and Landmark's Relative Location is across from 7Eleven. When I'm not working during the weekend, I love to go to the beach. The beach is an example of a Physical Place because its made by nature. "
Cultural/Human Characteristics
Specific to THAT place, not generic.
Peoples activities change the way a place looks or is represented.
Man-made or invented.
Language
Unique buildings
Religious Practices
Celebrations/traditions/holidays
Examples:
Mayan ruins are located in Mexico.
Cinco de Mayo is a national holiday in Mexico.
1st - The World in Spatial Terms
Maps and other geographic tools to
get information from a spatial perspective.

2nd - Places and Regions
How culture and experience influence people's perceptions of places and regions
3rd - Physical Systems
The physical processes that shape the pattern of the Earth’s surface

4th - Human Systems
Characteristics, distribution, and migration of human population.

5th - Environment and Society
Physical Systems affect Human Systems

6th - Uses of Geography
Things that we do that are geographic
There are 5 Themes of Geography

Landmark's ABSOLUTE location is 101 Kernan Blivd. N. Jacksonville, FL 32225
Absolute Location of Jacksonville, Florida: 30.32ºN, 81.65ºW
Example - Landmark is across from 7 Eleven
Physical Place - made by nature (mountains, rivers, deserts, etc.)
Human Place: man-made (buildings, roads, etc.)
Example - Landmark is across from 7 Eleven
Functional Region: Ex. Cell phone coverage area
3 concepts of Human-Environment Interaction

Humans

ADAPT

to the environment
(wearing clothes suited for summer, winter, rain or shine)

Humans
DEPEND
on the environment (water, food, transportation, recreation, etc.)

Humans
CHANGE
the environment (heating or cooling buildings)
Full transcript