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Transcript of Persian Empire
Edie McRoberts and the Great White Shark
Overview of Persian Empire
Persia had the Caspian Sea in the North, and the Persian Gulf in the South. This would have allowed for trade with many surrounding civilizations. It also would have given the Persians the opportunity to build a formidable navy to invade and conquer other coastal nations. Persia also included what is now Iran, which at the time, had fertile farmland and a wealth of mineral resources.
Since the Persian Empire gained many of their cities by conquering them, the cities in their territory were well developed by other people. One city that they conquered is Babylon, which was a very advanced city for its time.
Persia was ruled by emperors that had supreme power to control such a large region. Some of the most well known emperors were Cyrus, Xerxes, and Darius. Persian government was built on the Assyrian model, but was considerably more efficient. Persia was divided into 20 regions, each with a satrap that governed the region according to the emperor's will.
The writing used by the Persian Empire called elamite, which looks similar to cuneiform, but is not actually a direct descendant from it. It uses simple symbols to denote the sound of a word. Writing was used for many purposes, and performed by many people, not just scribes.
Writing and Record Keeping
The Persians realized that they needed to be able to communicate across the empire in order for them to conquer and keep more territory. Messages were sent from the military to the king in the capital, and this system was later adapted into the modern postal system.
The empire divided its vast territory into mini-empires with individual rulers who ruled under the emperor. This allowed the emperor to keep the peace in his empire and let other leaders deal with smaller problems so that he didn't have to. This system of smaller governments under a larger one is used in the United States. Each state can deal with smaller problems within the state, but must answer to the federal government.
One advantage of the Persian empire compared to the Greeks was that Persia was united. Greeks often battled with one another, which made it difficult to accomplish anything together.
Comparison to Greek Culture
One of the most important advantages Persia had to early Asian cultures was that it had a stable government. Asian dynasties would be established until a new leader overthrew the previous one to establish their own governments. This is definitely not an organized government system.
Early Asian Civilizations VS. Persia
Cyrus the Great was the founder of Persia. He conquered nearby territories and united them with one government. Cyrus was able to take over the land of the fertile crescent. He was tolerant of people's beliefs and free speech, making it easier to govern a wide region. Using several smaller governments, Darius I was able to control the land more easily. The Persian Empire was the largest empire in the world.
"Ancient History." HSC Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2015.
Within the family, men were the most powerful, treating their children almost like slaves. After the Emperor, priests were the highest social class, interpreting the will of Zarathshtra. The next class consisted of craftsmen that focused their skills on building temples and palaces for gods and emperors. The military was next in rank, and men would be divided into three groups: bowmen, horsemen, and chariot riders. As in many other cultures, slaves were the lowest class, and they were used for agricultural work.