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Why travel to Peru?

Peru's beautiful destinations and enticing culture
by

Meghann Wynne

on 20 June 2010

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Transcript of Why travel to Peru?

Peru Why should you travel there? ¿Dónde está Peru? Peru is a beautiful country on the West Coast of South America. It's capital, Lima, is located on the central western coast. Peru's population is over 28 million, and it's area stretches over 800 thousand square miles; you would have to put three of the state of Texas together to equal the amount of square miles Peru has. They speak Quecha, Aymara, Spanish, and other indigenous languages.


Hot Spots! Lake Titicaca Arequipa Lima Machu Pichu It is a 3200 square foot lake located between Bolivia and Peru. It is also the second largest lake in South America. On the Peruvian side of the lake is the famous town of Puno, it is known to be the capital of Peruvian folklore. Ancient Incan mythology says that Lake Titicaca is the place where the world was created. Lake Titicaca This city is Peru's second largest city and it is also known as the 'La Ciudad Blanca' or 'The White City' because of its large white buildings made of white volcanic rock. Arequipa is also known for having 300 days of sunlight and clear blue skies every year. Arequipa It is the capital of Peru and is the most popular tourist spot. It is known to host many bullfights, street parades, and wine festivals. There are many museums in Lima including The Museum of Anthropology and Archaeology, which contains lots of old pottery and textiles from ancient Peru. Another well-known museum in Lima is The Museum of the Republic; this museum has exhibits on Peru's colonial periods and independence periods. Lima In the Quecha language, it means "Old Peak". It's located in the Andes Mountains and is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The Intihuatana Stone is placed here; it was used to measure the angle of the sun and shows when the solstices and equinoxes occur. Machu Picchu ¡Comida y Ropa! (Food and Clothing) Peru is famous in South America for it's food. Ingredients found in most of their foods are: rice, chicken, potatoes, and fish. Popular dishes are anticuchos(marinated grilled beef heart), arroz con pollo(chicken with rice), and roast cuy(guinea pig, which is considered a delicacy). Inca Cola is a popular soda there; it's bright yellow and smells like bubble gum. Western clothing is popular in Peru. However, traditional clothing is popular in the highlands, where they use alpaca wool. People on the coast will wear baggy clothing and straw hats. Traditional clothing consists of vibrant colored dresses and ponchos. Peruvian Food Peruvian Clothing Religions Roman Catholicism was Peru's dominant religion until 1979, and even though this religion still plays a big part in many Peruvian's lives; Protestant Evangelical churches are gaining followers at a very fast pace. Indians have also mixed Catholic traditions with their own, creating the traditions of "brujos" (shamans). Government In the late 1960s to early 1970s, Peru was under the dictatorship of General Velasco, who was aligned with the Soviet Union. In 1990 Fujimori defeated Mario Vargas Llosa in the presidential race. The currency nuevo sol(new sun) was introduced during this time. Now Peru is a democratic republic with a social market economy. Peru's currency is still the nuevo sol. and Currency Natural Resources and Geography/Climate Peru has many natural resources, and most of them are agricultural. Some of the resources are: cotton, sugarcane, coffee beans, cocoa, rice, mangos, plantains, guavas, palm oil, beef, and guinea pigs. Many of their other resources come from mining and the refining of minerals like: steel, metal fabrication; petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas, textiles, and clothing. Peru is typically very hot in it's Summer months, which are October through April; and moderately cold in it's Winter months, May through September. Peru has three areas with very different climate; the Amazon, The Andes, and the coast. The Amazon usually has tropical weather, meaning it is very humid and hot. The Andes typically has very temperate to frigid weather year round. Lastly, the coast's climate is almost like a desert; very dry and humid. Ancient Ruins and Famous Architecture Recently an ancient "lost city" of Paititi was found in Peru. It was supposedly built by the Inca hero Inkarri, who founded the city of Cusco. The ruins are 430,000 sq ft and built of carved stone structures. The Palacio Torre Tagle, which was built in 1730, is one of the most magnificent buildings in South America. It shows the elegance and grace of the 18th century Peru. It is located in Lima. Interesting Facts 1. In authentic Peruvian music they use instruments like harps, lutes, guitars, bandurrias, vihuelas, etc. However popular music, like reggaeton, is more similar to our mainstream music (i.e. rap/hip hop). 2. In the Amazon region of Peru, animals include: pumas, jaguars, and the toucan. In the Andean region, alpacas and llamas. Llamas are used for their meat and alpacas for their wool. 3. Bullfighting is a popular sport in Peru, however 80% of Peruvians disapprove of it altogether.
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