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Chickering's 7 Vectors

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Kasey Lore

on 30 January 2014

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Transcript of Chickering's 7 Vectors

Chickering's 7 Vectors
Chickering's 7 Vectors
Seven vectors of development that guide identity formation
Progression is not necessarily linear
By steps or by spiral
Students move through vectors differently
Vectors build on each other
His theory accounts for emotional, interpersonal, ethical, and intellectual aspects of development.
Managing Emotions
Ability to recognize and accept emotions
Express and control emotions
Includes range of emotions, from negative to positive

Developing Mature Interpersonal Relationships
Development of intercultural and interpersonal tolerance of differences
Chickering acknowledged that relationships with others play a role in the development of identity
Empirically grounded and comprehensive
Large impact on proactive and intentional interventions in higher ed
Easy to understand and use
Future Directions
Definitions of vectors are general
More research needed to test validity
Need to address interrelationships age, gender, sexual orientation, race, culture, and psychosocial development
Historical Overview
Research conducted between 1959-1965
Tests administered to students at the end of sophomore and senior years
Also included student diaries and detailed interviews
Research intended for faculty, but utilized by student affairs professionals
Chickering and Reisser (1993) revised theory
Developing Competence
Intellectual Competence
The Admonitions
Integration of Work and Learning
collaborative relationship
Recognition and Respect for Individual Differences
understand needs of a diverse student body
Acknowledgment of the Cyclical Nature of Learning and Development
generate new perspectives by challenging students
White and Hood (1989)
examined validity of Chickering's theory
limited support for original theory
Mather and Winston (1998)
partial support for Chickering's theory
questioned sequential nature and if valid for today's students
Developing Purpose
Clear vocational goals
Committing to interpersonal decisions
A person's life calling
Research on Specific Student Populations
Women's development differs from men's
Pope (1998)
Chickering's theory "insufficient" for development of students of color
Levine and Bahr (1989)
development of sexual identity may hinder other components of psychosocial development
Developing, evaluating, and explaining the efforts of programming
residence hall programming
college union programming
participation in programming
Individual interactions with students
Create environments to foster student development
-Martin Luther King Jr.
Moving Through Autonomy Toward Interdependence
Increased emotional independence
Redefining relationships with parents
Students develop independence but realize importance of interconnectedness with others

A clear self-concept
Acknowledges students establish identity differently based on gender, ethnic background, and sexual orientation
Establishing Identity
Humanizing Values
Personalizing Values
Developing Congruence
Developing Integrity
Environmental Influences/7 Key Influences
Institutional Objectives
Institutional Size
Student-Faculty Relationships
Friendships and Student Communities
Student Development Programs and Services
Physical and Manual Skills
Interpersonal Competence
Full transcript