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Joan Miro i Ferra
Transcript of Joan Miro i Ferra
Miro's Early Career:
Ernest Hemingway and Miro:
During his time in Paris, Miro became more in tune with his Catalan roots.
While he was recovering from his Typhoid fever back in the Catalan Mountains he studied the openness of nature, and was inspired to capture the magnificence of the country he was in.
He began the makings of
at his parents' country house in Mont-roig del Camp in the Mountains in the summer of 1921.
After bringing it to Paris the painting took him nine long and strenuous months to complete.
After it was finished it was displayed at a Montparnasse cafe, where it was later bought by the writer, Ernest Hemingway.
Joan Miro's Style Changes:
The differences between the two paintings shown were completely revolutionized with the notion of
The Last of It
April 20, 1893 - December 25, 1983
Juan Miro was born in Barcelona, Catelonia, Spain
His Parents were Miquel Miro Adzerias and Dolores Ferra.
His Grandfather was a blacksmith and his father had been a watchmaker as well as a goldsmith, which was very respectable in Barcelona at the time.
Miro started drawing classes at the age of seven at Carrer de Regimor.
While he was in school he was a poor student. However, he excelled and took great interest in his art classes.
After a few years of being in school Miro
went to work as a clerk.
In 1911 he suffered from Typhoid fever and
left his work to pursue
his art full time.
He fled to the countryside to recuperate his wellness.
Once Miro had healed he went back to school for art. He studied at a private art school in Barcelona run by Francisco Gali from 1912-1915.
Although his parents had always wanted him to become a business man of sorts, they had finally come to terms with their son's dream.
Although his paintings were greeted with barbarous comments and were even defaced at the gallery, Miro was determined to refine his art.
In 1920 he moved to Paris where he made connections with Picasso and started to make his dream come alive.
In 1918 Miro was given his first solo show to display his art to the public at José Dalmau's gallery.
His early work was hugely
modernistic and rather realistic
Many of Miro's artistic influences at this time were: Van Gogh, Cezanne, and Cubism.
Historians refer to this artistic period as his Fauvist Period.
Some of his earlier paintings:
Portrait of Vincent Nuviola
Ciurana, The Path
The Painting of Toldeo aka "The Village"
One of Miro's earliest paintings -
The Farm from 1921
The Tilled Field
was painted in 1922. Only a year after Miro painted
When you compare the difference between The Farm and The Tilled Field, you get an impression of Miro's ever shifting style.
The contents remain rather the same. However, the stylistic choices Miro had painted The Tilled Field with show dramatic differences.
Yet another year after The Farm Miro painted the Catalan Landscape (The Hunter).
Much more surrealism surfaces in this work.
Harlequin's Carnival 1924-1925
Miro has evidently refined his use of brighter colours and created an animated scene of the imagination.
He included the infamous escape ladder, which foreshadowed to some of his later works.
Thanks For Watching!
Still Life with Old Shoe - 1937
Miro created this piece when he once more fled from Spain to Paris during the Spanish Civil War.
This is possibly one his his most eccentric and most significant paintings.
He painted this to express his perception of the war, through his unique imagery and colours.
Another work Miro created during the Spanish Civil War was this poster. It translates to "Help Spain". The small message at the bottom translates to, “In the current conflict on the Fascist side I see massive forces, and on the other side are the people whose immense and creative resourcefulness will give Spain a vitality which will astonish the world.”
Joan Miro at Work in his later years.
Hemingway had ended up paying about four thousand francs more than he had to for the painting, but he treasured the way it made him feel.
"It has in it all that you feel about Spain when you are there and all that you feel when you are away and cannot go there. No one has else has been able to paint those two opposite things."
Hemingway was almost unable to make the payment for the painting.
However he scoured through the bars of Paris to take loans from people he knew because he knew the debt would be worth it.
" No one could look at it and not know it had been painted by a great painter."
Joan Miro's style never truly stayed the same.
It was constantly being altered as his techniques and stylistic views changed.