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Structure and Purpose of Informational Materials

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natasha thomas

on 17 January 2014

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Transcript of Structure and Purpose of Informational Materials

Structure and Purpose of Informational Materials
Learning Objective
Today we are going to understand the difference and purpose between various categories of informational materials.
Types of Informational Materials
Identify the type of informational text
Today we are going to
identify, know, describe....
.... the
what characteristics to they share or not share
what they are used for
various categories
informational materials
different types
(real, true, factual)
text used to get specific information.
So basically....
Today we are going to learn about the different features and structures of nonfiction texts, and what the texts would be used for.
When you're riding the bus, or driving in a car, what types of information do the signs you see give you? (make a list)
1. Green signs on the freeway give you directions (street names, freeway names)
Instruction Manual
Research Article
Printed publication printed daily or weekly, containing news, feature articles, advertisements
Large, bold, varied fonts
photographs, graphics,
headlines (titles), subheadings, captions
text organized to provide information quickly
quotations -exact words
local, national, world information
byline - author of the article
Use it to get information about local, national, world current events

book used for education and academic learning in a specific subject area.
varied font, bold, italicize
titles, heading, subheading
author, references
table of contents
pictures, diagram, graphics
varied text organization
Use to learn, get information, about a specific academic subject matter.

an object that provides important information
shape, size, color all mean something
Icons (symbols) represent different words
size of sign and font are usually large
Provide information to the reader (observer) quickly.
Provide information on how to do something
varied fonts, large, bold, etc.
list of needed tools
list of included materials
numbered steps
troubleshooting information
tips and shortcuts
headings to break up sections
contact information
signs (do's and don'ts)
product name
company name
warnings/safety tips
used to build or put something together/take apart
used to describe how to perform functions with a product
Academic text that describes a specfic topic in detail based on research
Title, headings, subheadings
pictures, diagrams, charts
text is organized to provide the reader with information on the topic
evidence and support
based on fact
Used to gain deeper knowledge on a specific topic
used mostly in academics
Legal document/contract that describes the rights and responsibilities of company and the consumer.
small print
elevated/complicated language
contact information
rights and responsibilities of company
consumer rights and responsibilities
title, heading
period of coverage
steps for return
Most commonly used when a product or service does not meet expectations of the consumer. Describes what the company will and will not cover. Explains what the consumer has to do if not satisfied.
What is this?
What features do you see?
When would you use these?
Example A
Example B
Example C
Example D
Example E
Example F
Example G
What are we going to do today?
Which informational text would you use to learn about cells?

which informational text would you use to find out what time Yosemite Park closes to the public?

It is important that you know the difference in structure and purpose because
1. You know where to find information you need.
2. You can locate information quickly using structural features.
3. It saves you time to get the information you need and move on without wasting time.

Which reason is the most valuable to you? Explain why.
1. If you wanted to find out the effects of the nuclear power plant that imploded in Japan, what informational text would you use? Explain why.
2. Which informational text would you use if you had to write an essay on mitosis? Explain why.
3. Which informational text would you use if your IPod isn’t uploading songs? Explain why.
In the article that we read…

1. What structural features did we identify?

2. How do the structural features in a text help the reader?
3. Where would you find this type of article?
a) In a textbook
b) In a newspaper
c) On a website
d) On a sign

4. Why did you choose your answer?
3… What are three types of informational materials you learned about today?
2… What are two structural features that help a reader? Explain how they help.
1… Name one thing you learned today about an informational material that you didn’t know before.

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