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Simple Sentences

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Matthew Bohack

on 28 September 2012

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Transcript of Simple Sentences

Simple sentences are independent clauses that contain a subject and a predicate. Simple Sentences Simple subject and simple predicate Declarative and Interrogative Sentences Compound subjects Compound predicates Rule 1: Simple sentences can be very short , consisting of only one word (a noun) for the subject and one word (a verb) for the predicate. The noun is called the simple subject, and the verb is called the simple predicate. John laughed. Rule 2: Simple Sentences can be long, although they still consist of one subject (a noun and modifiers) and one predicate (a verb and other elements). The noun is still called the simple subject, and the verb is still the simple predicate. The tall, good looking boy with the curly
blond hair laughed uproariously at his best
friend's suggestion. Exercise 1. Identify the subject and predicate in these simple sentences. My best friend in the whole world is coming over to my house to visit me this afternoon. Three beautiful kittens looked up at me from inside of the old box of clothes. Several of her favorite romantic love songs were playing on the radio in the park. friend

is coming kittens

looked songs

were playing Rule 3: Simple sentences can be declarative or interrogative You can shop at the mall this weekend. (declarative) Can you shop at the mall this weekend? (interrogative) Exercise 2. Identify the simple subject and predicate and classify the sentence as interrogative or declarative. The boy in the third row explained the role of slavery in the Civil War. boy
declarative Which of the following words have been misspelled? which
have been misspelled
interrogative Will you share your lunch with the new girl in class? you
will share
interrogative Tense, mood, and voice Rule 4: Simple sentences can have a verb in any tense (past present, future) mood (indicative or imperative), or voice (active or passive) My friend shops at the mall on the weekend. (present) My friend shopped at the mall last weekend. (past) My friend will shop at the mall next weekend. (future) Shop at the mall this weekend! (imperative; subject is 'you' understood) You shop at the mall every weekend. (indicative) The next player at bat hit the ball to right field. (active)

The baseball was hit into right field by the next player at bat. (passive) Exercise 3. Identify tense, mood and voice in these simple sentences. Three years ago my baby sister was born on the first day of January.

Put your dirty clothes in a basket in the upstairs bathroom, please.

The shiny yellow toy will be caught by the large pit bull. past


active present


active future


passive Rule 5: Simple sentences can have a compound subject. Simon and Garfunkel recorded and album that year. America's best known novelists, journalists, and editors attended a conference in New York last week. Yellow-throated warblers and red breasted robins were pictured in her new bird identification guide. Exercise 4. Identify all nouns in the subject as well as the simple predicate You and I know the names of these kinds of flowers.

Every six weeks or so, her next-door neighbors, younger cousins, and grade school classmates came over to her house for a tea party.

The recipe calls for tomatoes, garlic, onions, and chives. You, I

know neighbors, cousins, classmates

came recipe

calls Rule 6. Simple sentences can have a compound predicate. Marianne sang, danced, and played the violin with passion and enthusiasm.

Her last semester in school, the brilliant student received top marks on her exams, graduated with honors and was interviewed for a junior faculty position at the university. Exercise 5. Identify the simple subject as well as all verbs in the simple predicate. The telephone on the principle's desk rang for a few moments and then suddenly stopped ringing.

Who is coming to the party and bringing the ice cream?

Wash and dry your hair first thing
in the morning.

He didn't eat anything for supper
or drink anything at all that
evening. telephone

rang, stopped who

coming, bringing you

wash, dry He

did eat, did drink who

coming, bringing 'you' understood

wash, dry He

did eat, did drink
note that 'not' is never part of the verb
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