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Transcript of Refugee Law
Citizens are restricted in their movement
o Visas required to exit country
Citizenship is not automatic
Basic human rights violations are not looked into
Human rights groups are not allowed
o Permission to make a group is attained by the government Homosexual Individuals Syrian authorities see a problem with this community.
Being a part of the Gay/Lesbian community constitutes crime in the Syrian penal code.
Although there have been dozens of arrests, no one has been prosecuted yet to date Women in Syria Members of a particular social group
Syria traditionally considered more
progressive when it comes to women
rights, but there are many gaps within
the penal code leaving women vulnerable
Issues of the legality of rape, spousal abuse,
and honour killings
Inequality under the legal system Targeting of Arab Spring Protesters By May 2011, approximately 1,200 demonstrators and 11,000 “journalists, political activists, lawyers, and human rights defenders were arrested.
Arbitrary arrests, imprisonments, and sentencing by the SSSC (Supreme State Security Court) were punishments to those involved with any party other than the sovereign Baath party.
Punishments for being a “protestor” or an “opponent of the Syrian regime” are: detainment, interrogation, torture, and in some instances even death. Other Human Rights Activists and Supporters Nearly impossible to receive proper medical care.
Syrian authorities pose a violent threat on those who are in need of medical treatment.
Aiding or treating individuals who are suspected of being activists or human rights defenders could prevent a doctor from being able to practice medicine and even face persecution.
An underground network of hospitals has emerged creating the need for a black market.
Lawyers are subjected to arbitrary persecution for criticizing the Syrian government for the human rights violations. The Use of Torture in Syria It is confirmed that the government is committing torture using an extensive network of detention facilities
“Archipelago of torture centers”
Department of Military Intelligence (Shu`bat al-Mukhabarat al-`Askariyya);
Political Security Directorate (Idarat al-Amn al-Siyasi);
General Intelligence Directorate (Idarat al-Mukhabarat al-`Amma); and
Air Force Intelligence Directorate (Idarat al-Mukhabarat al-Jawiyya).
Men, women, children and even seniors were subjected torture. "There are numerous facets of life in Syria in which the government is infringing on the basic human rights of its citizens insofar to constitute persecution. Individuals of certain social groups and of political belief contrary to that of the ruling party are frequently subject to not only discrimination, but treatment that can only be considered torture. A refugee claimant who falls under aforesaid parameters, and has experienced similar situations would likely be eligible for protection under the law ".