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History Homework

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ellie ando

on 10 January 2013

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Transcript of History Homework

Eleanor Anderson History Project 1 William lived from the year 1810 until 1900. He was the founder of the hydraulic engine, which is a system that is powered by rushing liquids. He then went on to invent other machines powered by hydraulic systems. William Armstrong This is the man
himself, Mr. William Armstrong This is IK Brunel Or real name Isambard Kingdom Brunel, was a English Mechanic and Engineer. He built dock yards, The Great Western Railway, steamships…
Though his ideas were great, they were not always successful This is General Booth William Booth was a British Methodist preacher before he founded the Salvation Army, he was the Salvation Army peoples first General. He had a mission, to spread Christianity and he preached on the streets, just like the apostles of Jesus. Charles Darwin 1809 1882 1825 Charles Robert Darwin was born on the 12th of February to doctor Robert Darwin and Susannah Darwin (maiden name: Wedgewood). Charles spent the summer of 1825 as a doctor apprentice for his father 1817 Darwin's mother died Charles made his first discovery 1827 19th of April 1882 1836 Charles had theories about evolution starting up on the way back from his voyage 1859 Charles published his book 'On The Origin Of Species By Means Of Natural Selection' . There was uproar, mostly from the Church. Was Darwin suggesting the Bible was lies? But his ideas soon gained in favour and have become the new orthodoxy Charles Darwin founder of evolution George Eliot Was trapped inside herself, Mary Anne Evans. Women were underestimated and not treated fairly so, using her pen name she could communicate her views through the books that she wrote. nobody knew a woman had wrote them so they were read. She was considered one of the best English writers of the Victorian period. Elizabeth Garrett Anderson was an English Medical doctor, a feminist, the co-founder of the first hospital run by women, the first dean of a British medical school, the first female mayor and magistrate... Elizabeth was the first woman to do so many things for women's rights in a time when women were not treated fairly. When a women was nothing like a man yet something completely different. Elizabeth made an impact. Elizabeth as a child had very good education learning French, Italian, German... She also loved to read. She was the second of a family with 11 children so money was tight but her father still supported her with all of her decisions and paid for a lot of her decisions. As she grew up she grew close to her sister and both her and her sister were influenced by womens rights. Elizabeth in her later life made an impact on women. Elizabeth Garrett Anderson 1836-1917 Bibliography http://www.gracesguide.co.uk/William_Armstrong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Booth
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isambard_Kingdom_Brunel
http://enwikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Darwin
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/darwin_charles.shtml
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence_Nightingale
http://enwikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Garrett_Anderson
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Graham_Bell
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grace_Darling
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_Victoria
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert,_Prince_Consort
http://www.epsomandewellhistoryexplorer.org.uk/BeetonMrs.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/beeton_mrs.shtml
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Peel
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Eliot
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Ewart_Gladstone
http://kids.britannica.com/comptons/article-9275508/David-Livingstone
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Stephenson
http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/tennyson/tennybio.html Introduction In this homework project I have accomplished all the points and addressed them all in detail, I have learned how to use the software Prezi which I had never used before and I have learned a lot about a very different time. I have seen what people had to go through then to become famous and seen the drastic changes between this time and then. To start with is a summary of each person on the word document list I hope you will find this project as interesting as I found it when I discovered the information to produce it for the first time Charles Darwin died Alexander Graham Bell was an eminent scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who created the first practical telephone Florence Nightingale 1847 - 1922 1820 - 1910 Florence served as a nurse in the Crimean War
She was the founder of modern nursing Alexander Graham Bell Cecil Rhodes 1853 - 1902 He was the founder of the diamond company De Beers which today markets 40% of the world's rough diamonds. Cecil Elizabeth Isabella Beeton 1836 - 1865 Isabella created the book Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management. She is one of the most famous cookery writers. But the book is not just about cookery it is about washing and cleaning and other stuff but it has been renewed over and over again and it is now used just as a cookery book Isabella Beeton Lewis Carroll 1832 - 1898 Lewis His real name was Charles Dodgeson but he developed the pen name Lewis Carroll He was an English writer, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon His most famous writings are 'Alice's Adventure in Wonderland', it's sequel 'Through the Looking Glass' his poems 'The Hunting of the Snark' and the 'Jabberwocky'. They are all examples of the genre of literary nonsense. Alice in Wonderland The Jabberwocky W.G.Grace He is widely acknowledged as one of the greatest players of all time. William 1848 - 1915 William Gilbert was an amateur cricketer who was important in the development of cricket. He is universally known as W.G. he played first class cricket for 44 seasons from 1865 to 1908 in which he captained many teams He came from a family of criketers Grace Darling Grace was a lighthouse keepers daughter. In 1838 she participated in rescuing the survivors of a ship wreck. 1815 - 1842 Charles Dickens He was an English writer in the Victorian period. He wrote about the things he disagreed with, such as orphanages. One of his most famous pieces of literature is Oliver. His work came out in snippets in newspapers so that people could see London as it really was. 1812 - 1870 Now I am going to give a detailed account of five people from the list that I am interested in. First up is Grace Darling In the early hours of 7 September 1838, Grace, looking from an upstairs window of the Longstone Lighthouse on the Farne Islands, spotted the wreck and survivors of the Forfarshire (that had been carrying 63 people) on Big Harcar, a nearby low rocky island. The Forfarshire had foundered on the rocks and broken in half: one of the halves had sunk during the night. Nine other passengers and crew had managed to float off a lifeboat from the stern section before it too sank, and were picked up in the night by a passing Montrose sloop and brought into South Shields that same night. She and her father knew that the weather was too rough for the lifeboat to put out from Seahouses, so they took a 4-man rowing boat across to the survivors, taking a long route that kept to the sheltered side of the islands, a distance of nearly a mile. Grace kept the boat steady in the water while her father helped four men and the lone surviving woman, Mrs. Dawson, into the boat. Although she survived the sinking, Mrs Dawson had lost her two young children during the night. William and three of the rescued men then rowed the boat back to the lighthouse. Grace then remained at the lighthouse while William and three of the rescued crew members rowed back and recovered the remaining survivors. Meanwhile the lifeboat had set out from Seahouses, (but arrived at Big Harcar rock) Grace and her father had completed the rescue: all they found were the dead bodies of Mrs Dawson's children and of a vicar. It was too dangerous to return to North Sunderland so they rowed to the lighthouse to take shelter. Grace's brother, William Brooks Darling, was one of the seven fishermen in the lifeboat. The weather deteriorated to the extent that everyone was relieved to stay put at the lighthouse for three days before returning to shore. Grace Darling died of tuberculosis in 1842, aged 26. William Gladstone 1809 - 1898 William Gladstone was a British Liberal statesman. In a career lasting over 60 years, he served as a Prime Minister four separate times, Chancellor of the Exchequer four times Charles Prince Albert + Prince Albert was born in Germany the second child of Ernest III and his first wife Princess Louise Albert had his first meeting with Victoria. He liked her and enjoyed the time spent with her. Albert married Victoria and he said "I am very happy and contented; but the difficulty in filling my place with the proper dignity is that I am only the husband, not the master in the house.'' so he was not liked by the English public 1819 1836 1840 Queen Victoria Albert came to stay at the palace and Victoria decided after his stay that if any person forbid her to marry him she would never marry another. Florence Nightingale Florence Nightingale's was the founder of modern nursing and she represented this in all parts of the world but her most famous contribution came during the Crimean War. On the 21st of October 1854, Florence and 38 women volunteer nurses that she trained, including her aunt Mai Smith were instructed by Sidney Herbert to go to the Ottoman Empire. They were going across the Black Sea from Balaklava in the Crimea, where the main British camp was based. Florence arrived in early November 1854. Her team found that the poor care for wounded soldiers was being delivered by overworked medical staff. Medicines were in short supply, hygiene had been forgotten, and big infections were very common and many of them led to death. After Florence sent a plea to The Times for a government solution to the poor condition of the facilities, the British Government gave Isambard Kingdom Brunel the job of designing a prefabricated hospital which could be built in England and shipped to the war. The result was Renkioi Hospital, a civilian facility which under the management of Dr. Edmund Alexander Parkes had a death rate less than 1/10th that of Scutari. Nightingale reduced the death rate from 42% to 2% either by making improvements in hygiene herself or by calling for the Sanitary Commission to make improvements. However, death rates actually began to rise to the highest of all hospitals in the region. During her first winter at Scutari, 4,077 soldiers died there. Ten times more soldiers died from illnesses such as typhus, typhoid, cholera and dysentery than from battle wounds. With overbrimming sewers and not enough ventilation, the Sanitary Commission had to be sent out by the British government to Scutari in March 1855, almost six months after Florence Nightingale had arrived. The commission flushed out the sewers and improved the ventilation. Death rates were sharply reduced, but she did not recognise hygiene as the main cause of death at the time and never claimed credit for helping to reduce the death rate. Nightingale still believed that the death rates were due to poor food and not enough of it, not enough supplies and overworking of the soldiers. After she returned to Britain (and began collecting evidence before the Royal Commission on the Health of the Army), she came to believe that most of the soldiers at the hospital were killed by poor living conditions. This experience influenced her later career, when she publicly recommended sanitary living conditions as of great importance. As a result, she reduced peacetime deaths in the army and turned attention to the sanitary design of hospitals. Victoria was born in England to Prince Edward and german born Princess Victoria Much to Victoria's delight she married Albert Victoria was crowned Queen of England 1838 1861 Albert died Victoria went in to mourning and wore black for a lot of the rest of her life. Victoria died Victoria Died Victoria Died Victoria Died Victoria Died Victoria Died Victoria Died Victoria Died Victoria Died Victoria Died vI CT ORia DiE D vIC DIED tHE qUEEN dIED Died Died Died Died Died Died Died DIED 1901 Victoria was also the one responsible for many things such as slavery and taking countries goods such as rice and tea and then taking over countries themselves to form an empire Video Bibliography Isabella Beeton Isabella Mayson was born on the 12th of March 1836. She was the eldest of the four children of Benjamin Mayson and Elizabeth Jurrum in London. Her family was quite wealthy. In 1840 her father died and her mother was left to care for her four still very young children by herself. Isabella went to stay with her grandfather but she was reunited with her family again when her mother married Henry Dorling one of her fathers close friends. They moved in to a big house that everyone could fit in as her mother and Henry had thirteen other children and Isabella's granny was living at the house as well. Isabella being the eldest was expected to help care for the younger ones and act as a nursemaid. Isabella was well educated and in 1851 she went to Heidelberg to study music and languages. She also took an interest in pastries and she learned how to make them. Much to her family's disagreement (as they thought it was below their level) she went to work at a pastry shop. Isabella in her old home lived near a boy named Samuel, she kept contact with him through letter when she moved and in 1856, she married him, Samuel Beeton. He was a rich publisher

Robert Peel Robert Peel was the founder of the police force. The police force was at that time nicknamed Peelers and Bobbies both names still used today. They dressed with blue suit things with silver buttons running down them a wooden truncheon was carried for defense but some policemen were more violent. They wore a top hat lined with iron, they carried handcuffs on their belt and they carried a brown coat so they could look normal if necessary. After their honeymoon Isabella began to write articles on cooking tips and cookery items needed these would go in to her husband's publications in the magazines 'The English Women's Domestic Magazine' she later added items on childcare something she was used to after looking after her younger half siblings In 1861, Samuel published Isabellas book 'The Book of Household Management' was published. It was an immediately successful, It sold over 60,000 copies in its first year of being published and nearly two million copies were sold by 1868. As well as all sorts of recipes the book contained advice regarding household management, childcare, etiquette, entertaining and the employment of servants. It was illustrated with coloured engravings on nearly every page and was the first to format recipes in the layout we still use today. Isabella died on 6 February 1865 of an infection following the birth of her fourth child. George Eliot She was born the third child in to a religious family but as she grew up and started traveling she was heavily influenced by people who were against religion she was also heavily influenced by Greek Tragedy. George Eliot or rather Mary Anne Evans wanted to escape the stereotype of women. Many women at her time were writing books and they were all about love. She wanted to show men that women weren't just about love but she felt that men would not even look at the book if a female name was on the front so she put George Eliot on the front of all her books and her work was taken seriously. Her parents decided that due to her lack of physical attraction she would not marry so they paid for her education from five to sixteen then she taught herself in the library. Her father Robert Evans was a farmer. In 1851 Marian (as her name was often shortened too met George Lewes and in 1854 they had decided to live together. George was already married but his marriage to Agnes was an open marriage. He was not able to divorce her as four of their seven children on their birth certificates had his name but they both knew he was not their father. George and Marian traveled around near Germany on the purpose of research when they went in to Germany they considered it as their honeymoon even though they weren't married. Marian considered herself the wife of George and Called herself Marian Evans Lewes. She sent out articles to newspapers and in them she criticized women's books calling one "Silly Novels for Lady Novelists' but she also praised books on realism and facts and books in Europe at the time.
One of her sayings was "you may try but you can never imagine what it is like to have a mans form of genius but to suffer the slavery of being a girl''
It was at this point that she started making books of her own and she was considered one of the best book writers in the Victorian Period.
William Gladstone William was a Liberal Statesman he was the Prime Minister four separate times and he made a lot of good changes for the country. 1809 - 1898 David Livingstone worked in Africa as a medical missionary and he traveled the continent from the near the Equator to the Cape and from the Atlantic to the Indian Ocean for over thirty years. In so doing, he was famous worldwide as an explorer and he strongly influenced the way successive generations of Westerners have thought about Africa. But whilst he was in Africa he caught Malaria and some other infection that caused him to internaly bleed and so in 1873 he died of this. David Livingstone 1813 - 1873 George Stephenson was an English civil engineer and a mechanical engineer in the Victorian era he built the first public railway line in the world to use steam locomotives. George Stephenson 1781 - 1848 Elizabeth Garrett Anderson was a feminist and she tried to do everything she could for women. She was the first women to do so many things and to prove to men that women can be just as good as them. Elizabeth Garrett Anderson 1836 - 1917 Alfred was the most famous Victorian poet in the Victorian era. He wrote many poems about key events such as The Charge of the Light Brigade during the Crimean War. A lot of phrases in his work have become commonplaces in the English Language.
Many men in his family had mild forms of epilepsy and he had a lifelong fear of mental illnesses. He did once spend time under doctors care in 1843. In his late twenties his case worsened and he became paranoid abusive and violent. Alfred Lord Tennyson 1809 - 1892 Now I have found one other person to write about from my choice in the Victorian Era. Alfred Tennyson Alfred always got down when his poems were a flop. So when in 1833 he produced a book of poems and they received unfavorable reviews he did not write for ten years.
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