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The Legacy of Ancient Rome
Transcript of The Legacy of Ancient Rome
From Kingdom to Republic
A Written Legal Code
Legacy of Rome
All citizens had the right to equal treatment under the law
A person was considered innocent until proven guilty
The burden of proof rested with the accuser rather than the accused
Any law that seemed unreasonable or grossly unfair could be set aside
Western World Principles
Series of kings ruled
Aristocrats overthrow a harsh king
Plebeians vs. Patricians
Held most of power
Right to vote
Barred from holding government positions
written law code
All free citizens have the right to protection under the law
Laws should be fairly administered
Expansion created problems
Rome alternated between civil war and authoritarian rule
27 B.C. republic collapsed and came under the rule of an emperor
ordered the compilation of all Roman laws
Consisted of four works
ode: 5,000 Roman laws
nstitutes: textbook for law students
ovellae: laws passed after 534
igest: summary of legal opinions
Established the idea of "a government of laws, not of men"
Legacies & Landmarks
Protect ordinary people against unfair treatment
1 year term
Commanded the army & directed the government
Controlled foreign & financial policies
Advised the Consuls
In times of crisis, a dictator could be provided on a limited 6-month term
Identify the Roman Empire's contributions to democratic traditions.