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Rocks and Minerals

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Stephen Boyles

on 9 April 2018

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Transcript of Rocks and Minerals

add logo here
Rocks and Minerals
Answer Check
Pg 30
Pg 31
Pg 36
Pg 39
Pg 40
Do Pg 41

Rocks and Their Appearance
3 Types and Appearance
The Rock Cycle
What is a mineral?
Ride the Rock Cycle
Rock Cycle Game
Each of you will start at a station (see board).
At each station, you will find a die.
Roll the die and follow it's directions.
Write all this in your "Journey on the Rock Cycle" journal.
It is possible for you to stay at the same station for a long time.
To make this game more interesting, you can't stay at any station for more than 3 turns. Go to another station.
After the game is over, you will have a record of your journey
Metamorphic Rock
Rocks and Minerals
Who studies Rocks and Minerals?
Geologist
What are the 3 main types of rocks?
Sedimentary
Igneous
Metamorphic
Name 7 Properties that are used to identify minerals.
Hardness
Streak
Cleavage
Luster
Color/Appearance
Magnetism
Buoyancy
Shape/
Texture
1. Minerals -
2. Scientists have discovered more than ________ different minerals.
3,800
Uses of minerals
1. Throughout history, people have used minerals for many purposes including:
______ & __________
_____________________
________
_________________
tools
weapons
dyes for clothing & art
jewelry
food preservation
2. Some examples of modern uses of minerals include:
__________________
______
___________
___________
______
building materials
roads
computers
appliances
wiring
Solid compounds that occur naturally in Earth's crust.
Magma
Igneous
Rocks

Metamorphic
Rocks
Sedimentary
Rocks
Sediments
cooling &
crystallization
melting
weathering &
erosion
lithification
(compaction & cementation)
heat &
pressure
Cartoon Journey
After your journey is complete, you must create a cartoon of your adventures in the rock cycle.
There are fifteen boxes - plenty of room for twelve drawings and a title.
A mineral has definite ____________ composition and ___________ structure.
Rocks are mixtures of 2 or more __________.
Identifying rocks is difficult because the minerals that make them up come in different ___________ which may change a rock's ________ , ___________, or other properties. This means 2 rocks may contain the same minerals, but the ______________. are in different amounts - which makes the rocks totally different.
Physical features of a rock can help you understand how it was ___________ and can help you ____________ the type of rock it is.
Review:
chemical
physical
minerals
amounts
color
hardness
minerals
formed
identify
______________ rocks are new rocks that form from igneous, sedimentary, or even other metamorphic rocks that have been exposed to high _______, high ___________, or both.
Metamorphic rocks are very _______.
Temperature and pressure both ___________ the deeper you go into the earth.
The word "metamorphose" means to _________ ______.
During metamorphism, both the __________ and the __________ composition of the rock may change.
Most metamorphic rocks that form under the conditions of both high pressure and high temperature show layers or ___________. These are made when the _____________ inside the rock are heated and squeezed.
Metamorphic Rocks:
Metamorphic
heat
pressure
hard
increase
change
form
physical
chemical
foliation
minerals
Metamorphic Rocks:
Granite
Metamorphic
Igneous
Basalt
Greenstone
Metamorphic
Igneous
Limestone
Metamorphic
Sedimentary
Marble
Shale
Metamorphic
Sedimentary
Metamorphic
Igneous
Phyllite
Metamorphic
Sedimentary Rock
A mineral has definite ____________ composition and ___________ structure.
Rocks are mixtures of 2 or more __________.
Identifying rocks is difficult because the minerals that make them up come in different ___________ which may change a rock's ________ , ___________, or other properties. This means 2 rocks may contain the same minerals, but the ______________ are in different amounts - which makes the rocks totally different.
Physical features of a rock can help you understand how it was ___________ and can help you ____________ the type of rock it is.
Review:
chemical
physical
minerals
amounts
color
hardness
minerals
formed
identify
______________ rocks are formed when ___________ of worn away rocks or seashells are deposited and __________. They can also form from chemical deposits.
The latin word "sedere" is a verb that means to ____ or ______ down.
____________ is the breaking or wearing away of rocks. Once weathered, ___________ can take place, which is the moving of the sediments. ___________ takes place when those sediments settle in a new place, usually at the mouths of _________ and __________.
Over millions of years, thick layers of sediments ________ up. The ________ of the upper layers squeezes the very fine, small grains in the layers below. ________ is forced out, and the sediments are SLOWLY changed into _____________ rocks.
Sedimentary Rocks:
Sedimentary
fragments
buried
sit
sink
Weathering
erosion
Deposition
rivers
build
weight
Limestone
Fossil
oceans
Water
Sedimentary
Sedimentary rock can also form from __________ deposits. An example of this is when a lake dries up and leaves behind a layer of __________ that dissolved in _________. These layers "glue" together to form a type of sedimentary rock called __________. Examples:
Fine silt and mud will turn into ________ and ______.
Grains of quartz in sand will turn into __________.
Coarser, or rougher, sediments, such as pebbles, will cement together with sand and __________ minerals to form _____________.
A sedimentary rock called ___________ forms from different marine animal's shells. ________ shells of sea animals can often be found in this type of rock. _________ is an example of very fine-grained limestone. Limestone will ________ in an acid such as vinegar.
Sedimentary Rocks Continued:
chemical
minerals
water
siltstone
evaporite
shale
sandstone
dissolved
limestone
Fossil
conglomerate
Chalk
bubble
Igneous Rock
A mineral has definite ____________ composition and ___________ structure.
Rocks are mixtures of 2 or more __________.
Identifying rocks is difficult because the minerals that make them up come in different ___________ which may change a rock's ________ , ___________, or other properties. This means 2 rocks may contain the same minerals, but the ______________ are in different amounts - which makes the rocks totally different.
Physical features of a rock can help you understand how it was ___________ and can help you ____________ the type of rock it is.
Review:
chemical
physical
minerals
amounts
color
hardness
minerals
formed
identify
______________ rocks are formed when ___________ rock (magma) from within the earth cools and ___________.
The structure of igneous rocks is determined by their ____________ and their ______ ____ _________.
"Ignis" is the latin word for _____.
The time it takes for the magma to cool affects the ______ of the _________. The _________ it takes a rock to cool, the ___________ the crystals will be.
Magma trapped ______________ may take thousands of years to cool. Therefore, the minerals have time to form very ________ crystals.
Igneous Rocks:
Igneous
molten
hardens
composition
rate
of
cooling
fire
crystals
larger
longer
size
underground
large
___________ is an igneous rock that forms underground. Because it cools ____________, it forms with large crystals.
________ that erupts from volcanoes also forms ignus rocks. It cools __________, thus forming rocks with ________ grains. Example:
When lava cools so rapidly that crystals don't have time to form, volcanic glass called __________ is formed.
When lava containing _____ bubbles is thrown from a volcano and cools in the _____, a rock called __________ is formed. This type of rock can ________ ___ _______.
Igneous Rocks Continued:
Granite
slowly
Lava
small
quickly
obsidian
gas
air
float
water
pumice
on
Granite
Basalt
Basalt
New page in Science NB

Separate page into 3 sections however you want.

Label each section with 3 types of rock and describe with words and pictures each type of rock's appearances.
UV Rocks
Properties of
Minerals
Color/
appearance
Luster
Cleavage
Streak
Hardness
Magnetism
Buoyancy
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