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Present Simple & Continuous

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on 6 October 2016

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Transcript of Present Simple & Continuous

Unit 1
Present simple
Present continuous
Contrast present simple/continuous

Utilitza la forma base del verb (infinitiu sense to).  run, walk, sleep, play, work…

A la 3ª persona del singular (he, she, it) s’ afageix una s.

She plays the piano.

La negació:
subjecte + do / does + not + verb en forma base.

Tom doesn’t work on Mondays.

A la interrogació posem do / does davant del subjecte.

Do you live in Maó?
A les respostes breus:
pronom subj. + do / does o don’t / doesn’t

Yes, I do / No, I don’t


Present simple

+
3rd p.
-
?
Veritats generals i descripcions.

The sun sets in the west.
Fets habituals, rutines…

We go to the park every Sunday.
Gustos i opinions.

He doesn’t like chocolate.
Horaris

The bus to Ciutadella leaves at 10.30.

usos
Les expressions temporals més utilitzades en el present simple són:

Every day / week / year
Once / Twice / 3 times /a day/ week…
On Mondays…

expressions temporals
1. Verbs acabats en s o so semblant:

teach  teaches, kisskisses…
2. Verbs acabats en o:
dodoes , gogoes …
3. Verbs acabats en consonant + Y:

studystudies , crycries

Regles ortogràfiques 3ra persona

Adverbis de freqüència

Exemples:

I often go the cinema.
She never watches TV.
My brother is usually busy.


*Observa el lloc que ocupa en l’oració!!

always
never
sometimes
often
usually
Expressa:
allò que passa en el moment en què es parla o període de temps present.
accions que trenquen amb la rutina.
accions incompletes que estan en procés.
accions que es repeteixen amb regularitat i són molestes.
accions programades (futur proper).

Afirmatiu: to be + verb principal acabat en -ing.
She is watching TV at the moment.

Negatiu: to be + not + verb principal acabat en
-ing.
She isn’t watching TV at the moment.

Interrogatiu: to be + subj + verb principal acabat en -ing.

Is she watching TV at the moment?

Present Continuos
Regles ortogràfiques

Now
(ara).
At the moment
(en aquest moment).
Right now
(just ara, ara mateix).
Today
(avui).
These days
(aquest dies).


Totes poden anar al principi o
al final de la frase, però se solen posar al final.

Expressions de temps

Es diuen així perquè normalment no s’utilitzen en la forma progressiva
ja que expressen: gustos, sentiments, desitjos, activitats de la ment i possessió.

She wants that dress.
I don’t know the answer right now.

Verbs estàtics

Mean
Understand
Believe
Remember
Forget
depend

Like
Prefer
Love
Hate
Want
Need
Know

Verbs estàtics més comuns:


What are they doing?
error correction
-Tom usually work on Sundays.
-You like football?
-I no go to the cinema very often.
-My brother and I play computer games at the moment.
-Are you going to the cinema every Sunday?

occasionally
frequently
rarely
seldom
hardly ever
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