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Transcript of Buddhism
Siddhartha Gautama Religious Beliefs and Teachings Five Precepts Sacred Stories and Myths Dhammapada Ritual and Worship Buddhism would be nothing without rituals Religious Communities Monks Nuns Laity Sacred Entities, Art and Architecture Life of a Buddhist Monk Early Life 4
signs Founding of Buddhism Born to wealthy family
"This is my last birth- henceforth there is no more birth for me." Sangha Viharas Siddartha Gautauma
taught others about his experience
gained a small following
given the name Buddha or "The Awakened One" provides short lessons that teach Buddhist how to live and achieve enlightenment.
taught by Buddha
These teachings can be compared to the Beatitudes of Christianity. 1. suffering exists in our life
2. where suffering originates from
3. how to end suffering
4. the noble eightfold path How to Deal With Death Four Noble Truths Tibetan Book of Living and Dying Death will eventually come to us all Example:
Happy indeed are we who live without possessions. Let us feed on happiness, like the radiant gods (who feed on spiritual bliss). "We do not know where death awaits us; so let us wait for it everywhere.
To practice death is to practice freedom. A man who has learned how to
die has unlearned how to be a slave." beg for food study Buddhist scripture Life of a Buddhist Monk Meditation Eight Requisites 1. robes
2. an alms' bowl for food
3. a belt
4. a razor for shaving
5. a needle and thread
6. a water filter
7. a walking stick
8. a toothpick Gautama saw four signs that led him to enlightenment. Life of a Buddhist Monk Chanting Buddhist Diet fish and meat are not commonly eaten
expected to eat all the food given by laity
most monks are vegan or vegetarian
supposed to eat in moderation and control Possessions Think of all the possessions you own and compare them to the Eight Requisites. Are you grateful for your possessions? How would your life be different if you were only allowed eight essential possessions? How does Buddhist ritual and worship compare/contrast to that of Christianity? How is the founding of Buddhism similar to the founding of Christianity?
In what ways are Jesus and the Buddha similar? How does the lifestyle of Christian priests and
nuns compare to the lifestyle of Buddhist monks
and nuns? Buddhist monks cannot marry or have children. How do you think this would effect your life? *notice that Thich Nhat Hanh still says he was able to find "great happiness and peace"* If he lived today, what do you think would be four signs that would teach him about the pain in the world? In particular, what would be the modern day sign of hope? Like 10 commandments of Buddhism
Not mandatory like in christianity
I. Do not kill (living a nonviolent life)
II. Do not steal ( honoring buisness relations)
III. Do not lie ( not gossiping)
IV. Do not misuse sex ( monks and nuns take an oath of celibacy and adultury is not allowed)
V. Do not consume alcohol or do drugs Karma Reincarnation Religious Beliefs and Teachings Religious Beliefs and Teachings Deniminations of Buddhism differ in the interpretations on the Buddha's teachings but all Buddhists have the same core beliefs
Three Trainings or Practices
The first one, Sila, is having virtue, good conduct, and morality.
The second one, Samadhi, is using concentration, meditation, mental development.
The third one, Prajna, is developing insight, wisdom, and enlightenment. Planting Trees: Symbol -early symbol
-the Buddha reached peace under a bodhi tree
-Buddhists still plant them as a symbol
-usually in monasteries Early Worship -first monastery in Tibet
-lots of time visiting them
-performing puja: expression of honor and devotion
-march around monastery 3 times(clockwise)
-bright colors, noisy chants, blow horns Rituals for Life Transitions -to mark, bless, protect
-from one status to next
-deaths, birthdays, etc. Following by Example -many try to meditate like the Buddha did
-often under trees
-calm mind, gain knowledge Daily Rites -offering food
-items before Buddha Statue
-more meditating Who to Worship? -no specific god
-only have meditating/strive for peace
-Dharma & Eightfold Path Stupas -very common monument
-relics to his teaching
-symbol: person of departed lord
-later meaning: Buddhism itself, Four directions on sides The Buddha is Depicted -every Buddhist shrine
-represents his teachings and talents
-creative symbols to pictures to statues
-many different images
-Avalokitesvara: most popular(1000 arms)
-many arms or positions of feet Mandalas -way of meditating
-grands of sand
-symbol: sacred world
-shapes, colors, meanings, "holy circles"(Yantra)
-purpose: invocation for oneself Mandalas: Video http://video.pbs.org/video/2047710446/ Prayer Wheels -in temples
-cylinders with worded scrolls
-longer than 1000years
-mantras inside (microprinting)
-prayers released as wheel spun
-great benefit to have in homes Are the Buddhists' sacred arts anything like Christianty's?