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6 Kingdoms of Life

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Kelley Guerra

on 19 November 2012

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Transcript of 6 Kingdoms of Life

By Emily Wang and Kelley Guerra The Six Kingdoms of Life 4. Archaebacteria 2. Animalia 1. Plantae The cells that make up the plantae kingdom are eukaryotic. Their organelles include chloroplasts, a few large vacuoles a nucleus, ribosomes, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER), cell membrane, cytoplasm, and Golgi apparatus. Lysosomes may be found in these cells but are uncommon. The organisms in the plantae kingdom do not move and are rigid. Their feeding method is photosynthesis, so they are autotrophs. The reproductive strategy of the plantae kingdom can be either asexual or sexual. The plantae kingdom is multicellular with tissues, organs and organ systems. Dianthus caryophyllus,
We viewed this kingdom in lab. The examples we examined were elodea, onion, red pepper and potato. Eukaroyote- an organism whose cells have have genetic material enclosed within a membrane-bound nucleus and contain other cells Autotroph- an organsim that is a producer, usually with photosynthetic abilities Defining Characteristics Behaviors Reproduction Levels of Organization Example: The Carnation Relation to Lab carnation, is an example of an organism within the plantae kingdom. Carnations are perennials that can grow up to 80 cm tall. These flowers have many meanings throughout greek mythology and have big parts in holidays around the world. also known as the Perennial- a plant that can live for multiple years The cells that make up the the animalia kingdom are eukaryotic. The organelles within the cells included small vacuoles, a nucleus, ribosomes, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), mitochondria, a cell membrane, and the cytoplasm. There are also usually lysosomes and Golgi appartus within these cells. The organisms within the animalia kingdom move rapidly and complexly. Feeding is achieved by ingestion and digestion. Energy is obtained heterotrophically. The reproductive system of the animalia kingdom organism is sexual. This means another cell is needed to reproduce. Organisms in the animalia kingdom are muiltcellular and have tissues, organs and organ systems. , or a human being, like other organisms in this kingdom, digest other organisms for energy and reproduce sexually. Human beings are the modern day man and are the only known "intelligent" species living on Earth. We viewed this kingdom in lab. The example we examined was the cheek cell Defining Characteristics Behaviors Heterotroph- an organism that is a consumer, meaning an organism that eats other organisms Reproduction Levels of Organization Example: Human Being Homo sapiens Relation to Lab 3. Eubacteria The cells within the eubacteria kingdom are prokaryotic. They do not contain any organelles. Eubacteria usually moves through liquid and swallows toxins. Its feeding method can be auto- or heterotrophic because it may conduct photosynthesis but also may engulf toxins in the body. Organisms of eubacteria are unicellular; therefore, they are lacking of all organelles, tissues, organs, and organ systems. is a bacteria often found on the skin that causes skin infections. In addition, it also causes food poisoning. We viewed this kingdom in lab. Inside of yogurt we saw a variety of prokaryotic cells of the kingdom eubacteria. Defining Characteristics Behaviors Levels of Organization Relation to Lab Example: staphylococcus aureus Staphylococcus aureus Prokaryote- cells that have genetic material that is not enclosed in a membrane-bound nucleus and that lack other organelles 6. Fungi 5. Protista Defining Characteristics Behaviors Reproduction Levels of Organization Example: Relation to Lab Defining Characteristics Behaviors Organisms of eubacteria are prokaryotic and have no cell organelles. Reproduction Levels of Organization Example: Functioning like a ship propeller, eubacteria have flagellum. A flagella whips through liquid to help eubacteria move. Eubacteria also display both auto- and heterotrophic traits. Certain species of eubacteria may devour other organisms in the form of fungus or virus, but others can perform photosynthesis. Eubacteria produces asexually. Because eubacteria are unicellular and do not have all organelles, they in addition do not have tissues, organs or organ systems. Clostridium tetani Clostridium tetani , also known as tetanus, are eubacteria that infect wounds. They can exhibit deadly traits, but are prevented through the tetanus vaccination and can also be killed with antiseptic. We viewed eubacteria through yogurt cultures in class. While there were both archaebacteria and eubacteria within these cultures, both types of bacteria are prokaryotic organisms. Defining Characteristics Behaviors Reproduction Example: Lemanea fluviatilis Relation to Lab Levels of Organization Relation to Lab Organisms of protista are eukaryotic. They have organelles such as a cytoplasm, a large central vacuole, Golgi apparatus, mitochondria, a nucleus, an ER, a cell membrane, ribosomes, and a cell wall. They may also have chloroplasts, a cell wall and cilia. Protista may move using cilia, flagellum, or pseudopods. They may be either auto- or heterotrophic, devouring their food or using photosynthesis. Pseudopod- a foot-like extension of the cell membrane by which certain cells move and engulf prey Protista may produce either sexually or asexually. While protista are have organelles, they do not have tissues, organs, or organ systems because they are unicellular. We viewed protists in lab through pond water organisms. We found euglena, amoeba, and paramecium, all types of protists living in ponds. Reproduction Eubacteria reproduce asexually. Organisms of fungi are eukaryotic, multicellular organisms. They have organelles such as cell walls made of chitin, a nucleus, mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, an ER, and ribosomes. Fungi are static and cannot move. They are heterotrophs that feed off of dead organisms. Fungi can reproduce either asexually or sexually. Fungi are multicellular but do not have tissues, organs, or organ systems. saccharomyces cerevisiae Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a type of fungi known as the yeast used for winemaking, baking, and brewing. It is the most common type of yeast and has been used for fermentation all over the world. Our mushroom sample in class was an example of fungi. We viewed the nucleus, cytoplasm, and cell wall of the organism. Lemanea fluviatilis is a species of protista. It is a type of red algae known for living in the British Isles but is green in color and is widespread throughout the world. THANK YOU FOR VIEWING OUR PREZI!
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