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Normality

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by

Pip Baggins

on 15 August 2013

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Transcript of Normality

Normality
Mental Health (WHO – 1998)
- Is a state of emotional and social well-being in which individuals realise their own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and can contribute to their community.
-is measured on a contimuum

Mental Illness
Thoughts, feelings and behaviours are viewed as normal IF the individual is able to cope with living independently in society, abnormal if the individual is unable to function effectively in society
Practice short answer questions
Explain what is meant by the term ‘mental health’

What is meant by the term biopsychosocial framework?

Provide 2 reasons why psychologists and psychiatrists use a classification system of mental conditions and disorders
Normality
A pattern of thoughts, feelings or behaviour that conform to a usual, typical or expected standard
Socio-cultural approach
a pattern of thoughts, feelings and behaviours that are appropriate or acceptable in particular society or culture are viewed as normal
Functional approach
thoughts, feelings and behaviours are viewed as normal IF the individual is able to cope with living independently in society. Abnormal if the individual is unable to function effectively in society
Situational approach
Within a society or culture, thoughts feelings and behaviour that may be considered normal in one situation may be abnormal in another

Medical approach
Abnormal thoughts, feelings or behaviour are viewed as having an underlying biological cause and can be diagnosed and treated
Statistical approach
any behaviour or characteristic in a large group of individuals is distributed in a particular way (normal distribution)

Illness is a subjective experience as apposed to disease which is related to physiological changes. Disease may cause illness, but not necessarily. (eg: a person can have a tumour and feel fine) Illness may exist in the absence of disease. Eg: depression or anxiety that can cause headaches and tummy aches)

What is considered normal in a particular society or culture depends on the period when the judgment is made

Historical approach
Memory, emotions, family background, socio-economic status, genetic predisposition, beliefs, immune response, perceptions, thinking, effect of medications
What does healthy mean?
Biopsychosocial Framework
an approach to describing and explaining how biological, psychological and social factors combine and interact to influence physical and mental health
Full transcript