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Political Spectrum, Ideologies, 2013 Events - JL

JLHS AP Boot Camp — AP History Applied Workshop
by

John Law

on 16 July 2013

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Transcript of Political Spectrum, Ideologies, 2013 Events - JL

Political Spectrum
Moderate
Reactionary
Conservative
Radical
Liberal
Left Wing
Right Wing
Independent
Which side are you on?
Political & Economic Ideologies & Philosophies
- resorts to violence
- against status quo
- rapid change
“Liberals would like to rebuild the station while the trains are running; radicals prefer to blow up the station and forego service until the new structure (station) is built.” — Rexford Tugwell, adviser to President F.D.R
- use current system
- regulate business
- civil liberties
- independent
- can belong to a party
- no one party fits all views
- limited government
- content with way things are
- wants to restore an earlier institution
Conservatives would prefer to keep the train station as is, whereas reactionaries would want to abandon the station and trains entirely, going back perhaps to stagecoach and horses.
Communism
- extreme Marxism
- Lenin, Stalin, USSR
- collective ownership of property by the state, production also controlled by state
- under one totalitarian state (encompasses political)
Fascism
- Mussolini (Italy)
- Totalitarianism, dictatorship
- extreme nationalism; often based on racial identity
- all industry controlled by state
Capitalism
- Adam Smith
- Free trade, anti-gov regulation
- westernized world,
businesses, corporations
(multinational)
- private ownership
Socialism
Utilitarianism
Social Darwinism
Mercantilism
Manorialism
Feudalism
Nationalism
Enlightenment
Confucianism
Federalism
Humanism
Authoritarianism
- Monarchy
*Absolute Monarchy
- Power held by single ruler or committee
- Totalitarianism — extreme authoritarianism, controls political power in addition to social and economic aspects of the nation
Imperialism
Isolationism
- hegemony, jingoism
- one nations' social, economic & political domination over another
- primarily European (past)
- Karl Marx
- government regulation: collection & distribution
- production controlled by workers (public)
- Darwin's biological theory of natural selection
- European justification for imperialism
- Racism
- export > import : profitable trade balances
- high tariffs
- European colonization
- British acts against U.S. colonies
- capitalism later replaces
- 17th-18th centuries, inspired by scientific revolution
- cultural & intellectual movement — age of reason
- role of mankind, church, & government redefined
- lord > peasants
- self- sufficient
- Renaisance
- celebrating human achievements (body)
- here and now, life and its purpose (as opposed to God)
- ie Greek & Roman
- Middle Ages
- hierarchy: king > nobles > vassals > peasants
- Europe, Japan, Encomienda system
- 400 B.C.E Confucius
- specifically Chinese
- order and filial piety, subjects follow rule of emperor, sons follow direction of fathers
- patrirachy
Current Events
- policy of remaining isolated from other nations
- does not last
- China, U.S.
- U.S. — articles of confederation (1790s)
- Political power divided
between national & state gov.
- U.S. uses federalist system
- identification with one's nation
- unification
- independence movements (French Revolution, Haiti)
- military ventures (led to WWI)
- John Stuart Mill
- justice is actually based on utility, and that rights exist only because they are necessary for human happiness
- justify actions for the greatest amount of good
- free markets
South China Sea
Euro Zone
Canadian pipeline
China's economy
U.S. economy
European Union
Arab Springs
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry:
"As a Pacific nation and a resident power, the United States has a national interest in the maintenance of peace and stability, respect for international law, unimpeded lawful commerce and freedom of navigation in the South China Sea."
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