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The Ferry System

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Chris Santos

on 7 June 2016

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Transcript of The Ferry System


In 1929, the ferry industry came together into two parts: Puget Sound Navigation (PSN) and Kitsap County Transportation Company (KCTC)
A strike in 1935 caused the KCTC out of business and left PSN in control of the ferry system
After WW2, increase in labor costs made running a private business more and more challenging
In 1951, the PSN sold all of its terminals, facilities, and ferries for 5 million dollars to the Washington State Ferries (WSF)
WSF started in 1951 with the states buyout of the two companies
In the first year of service, WSF carried about 4 million passengers
The ferries were the ones that PSN had used
The steamboats were called the "Mosquito Fleet" which contained a whole lot of small boats
The first challenge was to get enough boats to supply the oncoming demands for service and to relieve trafficking
In 1953, the state commissioned the Puget Sound Dredge and Bridge Company to make the first State Class Vessel
Two more ferries were bought from Maryland's Chesapeake Bay, the Rhododendron and the Olympic
More History
Tax support of the ferries started in 1957 when the legislature brought employees into the state retirement system
In the next 13 years, the demand for ferries grew so much that the state couldn't keep up
WSF tried to make Super class ferries to fit the need but that didn't make the cut either
Then the Issaquah Ferries were made to replace old boats and to improve operations
Since the 1970's, all of debt service payments come from motor vehicle fuel taxes, not from the ferry operating system
WSF sustained the net revenues until 1974 because of the success of the Hood Canal Toll Bridge
(last one)
Prices have changed depending on the economy since 1991
In 1999, WA voters voted for a loss of 20% of WSF's operating help and 75% of the dedicated capital funds
This led to increase in ferry prices and service reductions
25% of all ferry riders are tourists
Washington's fourth largest industry is tourism which depends on the ferry system
35% of ferry riders make constant trips for errands, shopping, and social activities
30% of WSF riders are commuters
10% of all riders are commercial users
Ridership is expected to increase by 37% over the next two decades
Construction of ferries create and sustain hundreds of jobs
Vigor Shipyards in Seattle helps to supply 500 family-wage jobs at shipyards
Washington has about half a dozen major shipyards and at least 24 small ship and boat repair companies
Washington also has job openings for design companies, naval architects, and engineers
The Legislature and Governor have required WSF to include specific training requirements related to ferry construction
Ferries in August 2003 had a ridership of 2.75 M
Total ridership in 1980 was 16.7 M
Volumes are forecasted to increase to 43.4 M by 2020
The Ferry System (Per. 1)
Idea of the Ferries
To create an easy way of transportation to the San Juan islands
To open up businesses to locals
To improve economy
WSF earned the highest 5-star rating from EnviroStar for 10 different terminals
WSF avoids using pesticides
WSF also carefully manages waste
WSF protects all storage space in the ferries
WSF uses Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) to help keep the environment clean and to reduce fuel costs
Vessels using LNG would have 89% in particulate matter
Boats using LNG would also have a 61% reduction in nitrous oxide
WSF would have a 28% reduction in carbon dioxide
And WSF vessels would also have a 59% reduction in sulfur dioxide
Full transcript