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English Interactive Oral: Leo Africanus

A look into the book of Fez. (:

Arissa Koines

on 18 March 2013

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Transcript of English Interactive Oral: Leo Africanus

Leo Africanus Divorce Process: recite 3x "Anti taliqa" (p100)
After:divorcee move into family home OR given provisions (p134) Marriage Rumors (promiscuous/diseased) (p142) 1. ask father for hand in marriage: Harun asks Muhammad(p179)
2. marriage contract
3. dowry given to groom: 100 dinars -married by 19 (p179)
-work to spend night with master or gain privilege (p134)
-women can't refuse (p140)
-can't speak with other men (p144) groom place foot on bride (p183)
woman parade stained linen
-proof of virginity and virility of couple Bride:
sit in wooden coffer procession through city: -music
-burning torches
-porters, friends, in-laws Groom:
walk in front of coffer
wait at house Spanish Inquisition The Book of Fez 15th Century Fez, Morocco Culture and Places :) Travel From Granada to Fez The City of Fez Culture in Fez, Morocco * Arab State (Islamic City) * Morocco's first capital city * Fez was a refuge for people exiled. * "Mecca of the West" or "Jerusalem of the West" * A religious and intellectual city. * The words "llm" and "Aql". * Muslims, Christians, Jews.. * Architectural influences Places From the Text in Fez * Taverns: A place where alcoholic beverages are served.
Referenced on pp. 111, 139 * Hammams: A steam room. Popularized by the Turks, and originating in Arabia.
Found on pp. 119 - 124 Islamic Rituals & Traditions
-Walimah Khitan Caravans * Madrasa: Old schooling in Fez, center of religious studies. Still exists today.
Found on pp. 105, 136 Caravans/ Journeys -only men can initiate
"Of all the permitted things, divorce is the most abominable with God."
only made in presence of 2 male witnesses or 1 male/2 female
waiting period: 1-3 months
3rd strike 1. Nikah 2. Dukhlah In Relation to the Book A company of travelers journeying together, as across a desert or through hostile territory. Caravan? It lasted from 1478-1834 Used for both political and religious reasons Spain is a nation state that was born out of religious struggle between numerous different belief systems including Catholicism, Islam, Protestantism and Judaism. "The Year of the Soothsayers"
Read page.94 Purpose of the Inquisition Discover and punish converted Jews(and later Muslims) who were insincere.

Create religious unity and weaken local political authorities as well as familial alliances.

Money was another motive that drove Ferdinard and Isabella to the inquisition. Established in 1480 by Catholic Monarchs, Ferdinard of Aragon and Isabella of Castile. The Year of Soothsayers
Page.95 What is Heresy? "It is the obstinate post-baptismal denial of some truth which must be believed with divine and Catholic faith. " How do you commit Heresy? One must refuse to be corrected.

A persone must be babtized. The government made profits by confiscating the property of those found guilty of heresy. Tribunal del Santo Oficio de la Inquisicion What Did the Inquisition Do? Many were tortured to death if they refused to convert back to their original religion. (Christianity) It caused fear within the civilians of Fez and the cities surrounding it.
Several people were forced to seek for a refuge elsewhere when they knew the Inquisition was headed their way. The Year of the Inquisitors Page.113 Journey? To fulfill a religious quest or a rebirth. -solemn and sacred social contract
-groom signs contract
-bride recieves mahr
'The worst of the feasts are those marriage feasts to which the rich are invited and the poor are left out" 3. Walimah -"publicly" sending bride and groom to live as man and wife http://hoocher.com/Edwin_Lord_Weeks/Edwin_Lord_Weeks.htm -circumcision ceremony
"Circumcision is a sunnah"
cleanliness and purification (physically & spiritually)
birth-12 yrs old Jinnah - funeral ceremony
body is washed, wrapped in white sheets (kafan), and placed in coffin
Janazah prayer outside
prayer: no bowing or prostrations
no loud wailing and tearing of clothes
Burial: laid on right side facing Mecca Prayer Prayer rug: 1 meter, pointing at Mecca Fajr (pre-dawn)
Dhuhr (noon)
'Asr (afternoon)
Maghrib (sunset)
'Isha (evening) -constant reminder of God and given opportunities to seek guidance women stay behind (pg 104)
mourners hired
Khali buried at death place (pg 168) feast prepared during consummation of marriage (p184) Mariam Great Recitation -coming of age ceremony
name giving ceremony as baby
encouraged to start praying at 7 learn Qur'an by heart (pg 136)
beginning of work, college, and authority Done as a newborn by barber (pg 10-11) Two main caravans
Pages 153 and 189
Ending affect Religious differences caused by location and culture Muhammad praying while being robbed (pg87) Muhammad divorces when he shouldn't and marries who he shouldn't What affect, if any, does Muhammad pushing social norms have on Hasan's ideals?
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