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Formative and Summative Assessment

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Lori Logue

on 27 November 2015

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Transcript of Formative and Summative Assessment

Lori Logue HE 527
Formative and Summative Assessment
Two types of student assessment are formative and summative. There are benefits to both and appropriate times to use each assessment type.
Summative assessment means just what you might think it does. It is a summary, or a final assessment. These types of assessments generally include unit tests, midterm exams, final exams, portfolios, or other final evaluations.
What is formative assessment?
Formative assessment value-Provides continual, often informal feedback to let the instructor know if his or her students are learning and applying the relevant material and reaching the objectives.
Value of both assessments
Formative assessments occur throughout the course and offer the instructor clues about the levels of learning and comprehension with his or her students. Activities may include discussion boards, e-mails, and peer reviews. They are mainly informal and may use informal questioning as well. Lessons may occur which have students apply what they are learning (3).
What is summative assessment?
What is the Purpose?
Formative assessments can allow the instructor to change the course of the lesson or discussion to ensure that students are comprehending the material. This offers flexibility in activities and strives for a high level of achievement at the end of the class.
What is the Purpose?
Summative assessments are used at the end of a unit to determine the level of achievement for the desired skills. This assessment will "certify achievement, and often provide a basis for assigning course grades" (3).
Summative assessment-Informs the instructor of the overall achievement of his or her students. This allows the instructor to determine if current lessons are valuable to students or if lessons, activities, quizzes, tests, and other teaching modes should be adjusted.
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References
3. Oosterhof, A., Conrad, R., & Ely, D. (2008). Assessing learners online. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Importance of Descriptive Feedback
In addition, students need feedback for summative assessments, so they can understand what they may not have learned and know where to continue their study in that area.

If a student does not get constructive, on-going feedback, he or she will continue making the same mistakes and may falter in reaching the course outcomes.
Students need continual and descriptive feedback throughout their courses. Without detailed feedback, they do not know where they are succeeding and where they can improve.
1. Agulair, D. (2014). Compare formative and summative assessments.
Disadvantages include:
May be difficult to motivate
students' performance on low
stake assignments

Time consuming for instructor to
provide effective feedback

Intensive dedication required to
continue ongoing assessment

May not be practical for large
enrollment classes
Advantages include:
Identification of conceptual errors

Active reflection on effectiveness of instruction

Feedback enhances learning

Low stake nature prevents
motivation for student
cheating.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Formative Learning
2. Mandernach, B. J. (2003). Formative assessment in the classroom. Retrieved from Park University Center for Excellence in Teaching and Learning
(2)
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